The Political Philosophy Paper John Locke

Anonymous
timer Asked: Feb 9th, 2019
account_balance_wallet $40

Question Description

From the list of questions below, please answer question 1, question 4, and either question 2 or question 3.

The writings are based off of the follows writings:

- Political Writings of John Locke edited by David Wooten

- The True Believer by Eric Hoffer

- The Federalists Papers by Hamilton, Madison and Jay


Answer questions One and Four and a third question of your choosing.

Should write about one page per question.

1) Explain how John Locke attacks the concept of Absolutism through his theories of Natural Rights and The Social Contract. Explain these two concepts and what action does Locke further advocate if a government violates the Contract and/or our Natural Rights??

2) Explain Locke’s theory of Property in all its broad facets and what is the proper role of government in respect to the right of property.

3) Explain the doctrine of Laissez-Faire as defined by Adam Smith (i.e. The Invisible Hand) and the Physiocrats ( i.e. The “Natural” Cycles) Explain the supposed benefits of the doctrine. How do they differ in this respect to Locke? Specifically; how do they differ (from Locke) when it comes to the role of government?

4) How do the Founding Fathers expand on Locke’s doctrine of limited government ? E.g. Madison’s Theory of Competing Factions both in Government and in Society. Relate it to the experience of the American Revolution as opposed to Locke’s experience in the English Revolutions.


Professor's General Instructions:

Answer and number each question separately. Also watch for punctuation and grammar. The harder it is for me to read or understand the harder it will be for me to give you the grade that you deserve. You need to be thorough with your answers but stick to the point. Expand where ever it will help to show your reasoning and understanding of the subject matter—in other words one word or one sentence answers will not do. One paragraph is also rarely enough. On the other hand ,don’t be too wordy or drift into irrelevance. If you quote you must cite the source and put it in quotes­----even if you are quoting yourself (from a previous paper or test that you submitted) or if you are quoting me from class. But also limit the amount of quotes. You will be graded on your work and reasoning, not someone else’s. You must submit your finished paper to TURN IT IN the morning before your hard cover paper is due on my desk.

Tutor Answer

RyanTopTutor
School: UCLA

Attached.

Running Head: THE POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY PAPER-JOHN LOCKE

The Political Philosophy Paper-John Locke
Name
Instructor
Institutional Affiliation
Date

1

THE POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY PAPER-JOHN LOCKE

2

1. Explain how John Locke attacks the concept of Absolutism through his theories of
Natural Rights and The Social Contract. Explain these two concepts and what
action does Locke further advocate if a government violates the Contract and/or our
Natural Rights??
The Two Treatises of Government is one of the political writings of John Locke. In this
work, Locke cites that sovereignty lies in the people and elucidates the aspect of legitimate
government in terms of the social contract and natural rights. According to Locke, natural rights
entail those rights that people should have before the government comes into existence. In other
words, he argues that by merely being human, individuals have particular absolute rights that are
therefore pre-political (Ashcraft, 1994). When Locke explained how government comes into
existence, he utilized the notion that individuals consent to handing over some of their rights to
the government, while keeping others. The social contract theory explains this transfer and
retention of some of the fundamental rights.
In The Two Treatises of Government, John Locke opposes the idea of absolutism with
the theories of social contract and natural rights. Unlike Hobbes, Locke opposed absolutism
because it hindered the understanding of the ends for which civil society was developed in the
social contract (Ashcraft, 1994). He asserted that men (human beings) create organizations ‘to
remedy those inconveniences of the State of Nature, by setting up a known Authority, to which
every one of that Society may Appeal upon any injury received.’ Locke further argued that since
absolutism concentrated both legislative and executive authority, there was no place where
people could direct their grievances to get relief of any issues that may have been caused by the
Prince (Ashcraft, 1994).

THE POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY PAPER-JOHN LOCKE

3

In the Second Treatise of Government, he backed the concept of the State of Nature
where all people are equal, and there exists no form of subjection or subordination. In other
words, Locke believed that absolutism power was inconsistent with civil society (Seliger, 1968).
Moreover, Locke cited that the natural rights of people restricted the power and authority of the
king. According to him, if the government violates the natural rights of individuals, the social
contract will be broken, and therefore the citizens have the right to rebel and create a new
government.
2. Explain Locke’s theory of Property in all its broad facets and what is the proper
role of government in respect to the right of property.
The theory of property was regarded as the critical aspect of Locke’s argument in the
Second Treatise of Government. Fundamentally, Locke started his case regarding the source of
property in the state of nature. In the state of nature, he cited that people were born free and
equal and therefore has the freedom to do what they want without seeking permission from
anyone (Seliger, 1968). Locke argues that men were born free and equal. In other words, men
were born free to do anything they wish including own property without having to seek
permission from someone and equal in the sense that no man has an excessive political authority
over the other. He further points out that the right to own property is like the right to life and that
man has that right without having any restriction arising from any authority or political authority.
However, he points out that even though the right to own property by man is a state of liberty, it
is not a state of license since it is governed over by the law of nature through which everyone is
supposed to follow and obey.

THE POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY PAPER-JOHN LOCKE

4

Although Locke is ...

flag Report DMCA
Review

Anonymous
Thank you! Reasonably priced given the quality not just of the tutors but the moderators too. They were helpful and accommodating given my needs.

Similar Questions
Hot Questions
Related Tags
Study Guides

Brown University





1271 Tutors

California Institute of Technology




2131 Tutors

Carnegie Mellon University




982 Tutors

Columbia University





1256 Tutors

Dartmouth University





2113 Tutors

Emory University





2279 Tutors

Harvard University





599 Tutors

Massachusetts Institute of Technology



2319 Tutors

New York University





1645 Tutors

Notre Dam University





1911 Tutors

Oklahoma University





2122 Tutors

Pennsylvania State University





932 Tutors

Princeton University





1211 Tutors

Stanford University





983 Tutors

University of California





1282 Tutors

Oxford University





123 Tutors

Yale University





2325 Tutors