Liberty Technological Development and Its Integration in the Global Supply Chain

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Choose one topic from the list below:

Supply Chain Topics Literature Review

  • Business Intelligence in the Supply Chain
  • Supply Chain and Cultural Differences in Other Countries
  • Customer Satisfaction and the Supply Chain
  • Inventory Management in the Supply Chain
  • Improving Supply Chain Integration (suppliers and distributors).
  • Strategic Supply Chain Management Through Global Outsourcing
  • Technological Development and its Integration in the Global Supply Chain
  • Supply chain and its adaptation to Just-in-time (JIT)
  • Cultural and economic conditions affecting Supply Chain
  • Global changing market decisions.
  • History of Supply Chain Management
  • Ethical Behavior from Buyer and Supplier in the Supply Chain and its Impact on our Global Market

Simchi-Levi, D., Kaminsky, P., & Simchi-Levi, E. (2008). Designing and managing the supply chain: Concepts, strategies and case studies (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Richard D. Irwin, Inc. ISBN: 9780073341521.

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BUSI 740 LITERATURE REVIEW INSTRUCTIONS The purpose of this research project is for you to create a scholarly piece of graduate-level research and writing, which conforms to current APA format. Competency in the current APA format is required of all Business graduates of Liberty University, as set forth by policy of both the Graduate Faculty and the administration. You will research and write a literature review on a topic relevant to your course. You will have approximately 2 modules/weeks to research and write the paper. The topics for this assignment are identified below. Simply select a topic, and then begin working on the project. Do not “recycle” any work from any previous courses you have taken. Your research paper will be a comprehensive thematic review of the scholarly literature related to your topic. Supply Chain Topics Literature Review ➢ Business Intelligence in the Supply Chain ➢ Supply Chain and Cultural Differences in Other Countries ➢ Customer Satisfaction and the Supply Chain ➢ Inventory Management in the Supply Chain ➢ Improving Supply Chain Integration (suppliers and distributors). ➢ Strategic Supply Chain Management Through Global Outsourcing ➢ Technological Development and Its Integration in the global Supply Chain ➢ Supply chain and its adaptation to Just-in-time (JIT) ➢ Cultural and economic conditions affecting Supply Chain ➢ Global changing market decisions. ➢ History of Supply Chain Management ➢ Ethical Behavior from Buyer and Supplier in the Supply Chain and its Impact on our Global Market What is a literature review? “A literature review discusses published information in a particular subject area, and sometimes information in a particular subject area within a certain time period. A literature review can be just a simple summary of the sources, but it usually has an organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis. A summary is a recap of the important information of the source, but a synthesis is a re-organization, or a reshuffling, of that Page 1 of 4 BUSI 740 information. It might give a new interpretation of old material or combine new with old interpretations. Or it might trace the intellectual progression of the field, including major debates. And depending on the situation, the literature review may evaluate the sources and advise the reader on the most pertinent or relevant.”i How is a literature review different from an academic research paper? “The main focus of an academic research paper is to develop a new argument, and a research paper will contain a literature review as one of its parts. In a research paper, you use the literature as a foundation and as support for a new insight that you contribute. The focus of a literature review, however, is to summarize and synthesize the arguments and ideas of others without adding new contributions.”ii The academic research paper also covers a range of sources, but it is usually a select number of sources, because the emphasis is on the argument. Likewise, a literature review can also have an “argument,” but it is not as important as covering a number of sources. In short, an academic research paper and a literature review contain some of the same elements. In fact, many academic research papers will contain a literature review section. But it is the aspect of the study (the argument or the sources) that is emphasized that determines what type of document it is. Why write literature reviews? “Literature reviews provide you with a handy guide to a particular topic. If you have limited time to conduct research, literature reviews can give you an overview or act as a stepping stone. For professionals, they are useful reports that keep them up to date with what is current in the field. For scholars, the depth and breadth of the literature review emphasizes the credibility of the writer in his or her field. Literature reviews also provide a solid background for a research paper’s investigation. Comprehensive knowledge of the literature of the field is essential to most research papers.”iii What is the format for literature reviews? “Just like most academic papers, literature reviews also must contain at least three basic elements: an introduction or background information section; the body of the review containing the discussion of sources; and, finally, a conclusion and/or recommendations section to end the paper. • Introduction: Gives a quick idea of the topic of the literature review, such as the central theme or organizational pattern. • Body: Contains your discussion of sources and is organized thematically. • Conclusions/Recommendations: Discuss what you have drawn from reviewing literature so far. Where might the discussion proceed?”iv What is a thematic literature review? “Thematic reviews of literature are organized around a topic or issue, rather than the progression of time.”v Page 2 of 4 BUSI 740 “Sometimes, though, you might need to add additional sections that are necessary for your study, but do not fit in the organizational strategy of the body. What other sections you include in the body is up to you. Put in only what is necessary. Here are a few other sections you might want to consider: • Current Situation: Information necessary to understand the topic or focus of the literature review. • History: The chronological progression of the field, the literature, or an idea that is necessary to understand the literature review, if the body of the literature review is not already a chronology. • Methods and/or Standards: The criteria you used to select the sources in your literature review or the way in which you present your information. For instance, you might explain that your review includes only peer-reviewed articles and journals. • Questions for Further Research: What questions about the field has the review sparked? How will you further your research as a result of the review?”vi This section is required and must be included in your paper. • This section of the literature review is where you integrate faith and learning in this course. After reading Every Good Endeavor: Connecting Your Work to God’s Work,” write a 3– 5-page section that integrates the Genesis model, i.e., the creation-fall-redemptionconsummation framework, with the learning objectives of this course, which is part of the required 19 pages of content. Conclude with how your integration may be used for furthering God’s purposes for business on earth. Important Points to Consider The paper is to be written in strict conformance to current APA standards, and must contain at least 19 pages of content (excluding the title page, abstract, and references), utilizing at least 12 scholarly references. The paper is to be submitted through SafeAssign at the end of Module/Week 8. It is highly recommended that you download and read the instructions to avoid any stress created by issues that are the result of waiting until the last minute. • A SafeAssign draft check will be provided for you to use to improve your Originality Score prior to your final submission. Three levels of current APA headings must be used throughout the paper, as this is a graduatelevel research paper. Page 3 of 4 BUSI 740 Some students do not fully understand the difference between plagiarism and paraphrasing. Paraphrasing is when you take a source or someone else’s idea and say it in your own words. When you paraphrase, you must still give the author’s name, date, title of the source, the scholarly journal where it came from, and the exact website address or book. However, when you directly quote a source, it must have quotation marks around the quote, or (if 40 words or more) it must be set in block quotation format. You must also give detailed information of where you acquired the quote. For the purpose of this academic paper, adhere to the follow rules when quoting or using a source: • • • • • Do not directly quote more than 120 words from any one source. If the source is 2,000 words or less, do not directly quote more than 50 words from any one source. Do not use the same source more than a total of 3 times within the whole document for quoting or paraphrasing. Quotes must contain the section (if provided) and paragraph or page numbers of the quote, and this information must be placed in the reference. In all instances, use current APA guidelines for citations and references. The paper must not be a series of quotations. Email your instructor with any questions regarding the project. i Literature Reviews (http://writingcenter.unc.edu/handouts/literature-reviews/) ii Ibid iii Ibid iv Ibid v Ibid vi Ibid Page 4 of 4 Criteria Content 70% Synthesis of Knowledge (Focus/Thesis 35% Foundation of knowledge 20% Advanced 140 to 132 points* Student exhibits a defined and clear understanding of the assignment. Thesis is clearly defined and well constructed to help guide the reader throughout the assignment. Student builds upon the thesis of the assignment with well-documented and exceptional supporting facts, figures, and/or statements. 80 to 75 points* Student demonstrates proficient command of the subject matter in the assignment. Assignment shows an impressive level of depth of student’s ability to relate course Literature Grading Rubric Levels of Achievement Proficient Developing 131 to 122 points* 121 to 1 points* Student exhibits a basic understanding of the intended assignment, but the thesis is not fully supported throughout the assignment. While thesis helps to guide the development of the assignment, the reader may have some difficulty in seeing linkages between thoughts. While student has included a few supporting facts and statements, this has limited the quality of the assignment. 74 to 70points* 69 to 1 points* The assignment reveals Student exhibits above that the student has a average usage of subject general, fundamental matter in understanding of the assignment. Student course provides above average material. Whereas, there ability in relating course are areas of some content in examples concerning in the given. Details and facts linkages provided Not present 0 points Establishes a good comprehension of topic and in the building of the thesis. Student demonstrates an effective presentation of thesis, with most support statements helping to support the key focus of assignment. 0 points content to practical examples and applications. Student provides comprehensive analysis of details, facts, and concepts in a logical sequence. 60 to 56 points* Application of Knowledge (Critical Thinking Student demonstrates a Skills) higher-level of critical thinking necessary for 15% graduate level work. Learner provides a strategic approach in presenting examples of problem solving or critical thinking, while drawing logical conclusions, which are not immediately obvious. Student provides wellsupported ideas and reflection with a variety of current and/or world views in the assignment. Student presents a genuine presented provide an adequate presentation of student’s current level of subject matter knowledge. between facts and supporting statements. Student generally explains concepts, but only meets the minimum requirements in this area. 55 to 52 points* 51 to 1 points* Student exhibits a good command of critical thinking skills in the presentation of material and supporting statements. Assignment demonstrates the student’s above average use of relating concepts by using a variety of factors. Overall, student provides adequate conclusions, with 2 or fewer errors. Student takes a common, conventional approach in guiding the reader through various linkages and connections presented in assignment. However, student presents a limited perspective on key concepts throughout assignment. Student appears to have problems applying information in a problem-solving manner. 0 points intellectual development of ideas throughout assignment. Structure 30% Organization of Ideas Format 5% Advanced 20 to 19 points* Proficient 18 to 17 points* Student explains the Student thoroughly majority of points and understands and excels concepts in the in explaining all major assignment. Learner points. An original, demonstrates a good unique, and/or skill level in formatting imaginative approach and organizing material to overall ideas, in assignment. Student concepts, and findings presents an above is presented. Overall average level of format of assignment preparedness, with few includes an formatting errors. appropriate introduction (or abstract), welldeveloped paragraphs, and conclusion. Finished assignment demonstrates student’s ability to plan and organize research in a logical sequence. Developing 16 to 1 points* Learner applies some points and concepts incorrectly. Student uses a variety of formatting styles, with some inconsistencies throughout the paper. Assignment does not have a continuous pattern of logical sequencing. Not present 0 points Writing skill 20 to 19 points* 18 to 17 points* 16 to 1 points* 5% Student demonstrates an excellent command of grammar, as well as presents research in a clear and concise writing style. Presents a thorough, extensive understanding of word usage. Student excels in the selection and development of a wellplanned research assignment. Assignme nt is error-free and reflects student’s ability to prepare graduate-level writing for possible publication in a peer-reviewed (refereed) journal. 20 to 19 points* Student provides an effective display of good writing and grammar. Assignment reflects student’s ability to select appropriate word usage and presents an aboveaverage presentation of a given topic or issue. Assignment appears to be well written with no more than 3 errors. Student provides a good final product that covers the above-minimal requirements. Assignment reflects basic writing and grammar, but with more than 6 errors. Key terms and concepts are somewhat vague and not completely explained by student. Student uses a basic vocabulary in assignment. Student’s writing ability is average, but demonstrates a basic understanding of the subject matter. 18 to 17 points* 16 to 1 points* Student provides sophisticated synthesis of complex body of information in the preparation of assignment. Research provided by student contributes Student achieves an above average synthesis of research, but interpretation is narrow in scope and description within assignment. Assignmen t contains less than 12 Assignment provides a basic, but borderline perspective of student’s research abilities. Student has incorporated less than 9 sources, which does not attempt to cover Research Skill 5% 0 points 0 points 0 points significantly to the resources, and presents development of the an average overview of overall thesis. Student key concepts. incorporates at least of 12 quality references in assignment. Student incorporates a variety of research resources and methodology in the preparation of assignment. Biblical Integration 15% 60 to 56 points Student provides a 3–5 page section on the integration of faith and learning with a strong emphasis on the Genesis model. Instructor Comments Raw Score 400 points key elements of assignment. 55 to 52 points Student provides a 3-5 section on faith and learning, but the focus on the Genesis model may be underdeveloped. 51 to 1 points Student provides less than 3 pages on faith and learning. This section is missing or does not meet the specifications for the assignment. ...
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ProfJamesmiller
School: Rice University

Attached.

Technological Development and Its Integration in the Global Supply Chain
Thesis statement: This literature review explores the relationship of supply chain technologies
and efficiency in the supply chain through tracing their evolution, relevance to the concept of
supply chain integration and sustainability, the factors affecting adoption of technology in the
global supply chain and real-time monitoring and tracking.
1. Abstract
2. Introduction
3. Literature review
1.1

Evolution of global supply chain technology

1.2

The role of technology in supply chain integration

1.3

RFID technologies in real-time tracking

1.4

Big data in the global supply chain

1.5

Factors affecting technological adoption in the global supply chain
4. Creation-fall-redemption-consummation framework
5. Conclusion and Recommendations
6. References


Running head: TECHNOLOGY IN THE GLOBAL SUPPLY CHAIN

Technological Development and Its Integration in the Global Supply Chain
Institution Affiliation
Date

1

TECHNOLOGY IN THE GLOBAL SUPPLY CHAIN

2

Abstract
There is no doubt that the world is changing fast and at the forefront of this great
revolution is technological development. Competition is changing so that companies that delay
in adopting relevant technologies get locked out of the market and those that adopt them thrive.
In supply chain management, technological development and its integration have become
paramount for companies that want to reach the customer first. Today’s customer is sophisticated
and interested in convenience and fast delivery, and this is what supply chain technologies like
radio frequency identification (RFID), big data, wireless sensor networks (WSN) and cloud
computing, promise. This paper explores the relationship of supply chain technologies and
efficiency in the supply chain through tracing their evolution, relevance to the concept of supply
chain integration and sustainability, the factors affecting adoption of technology in the global
supply chain and real-time monitoring and tracking. To do this, we examine the perspectives of
different scholars regarding the aforementioned topics in the form of a comprehensive literature
review and try to find the collective consensus on the subject matter.

TECHNOLOGY IN THE GLOBAL SUPPLY CHAIN

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Introduction
The Great Silk Road of China comprised of a network of interconnected routes of trade
that facilitated the international exchange of goods and culture, between China and the West,
during the 7th Century. It contributed to more variety in terms of products available for use in
both ends of the world and ushered in an era of civilization characterized by increased
commercial activities, greater logistical efficiency, and convenience. Global supply chain
management rests on the same idea of interconnectedness in the delivery of products from one
end, the producer, to the other, the consumer. It simply denotes the numerous activities that go
into facilitating the process of moving the manufactured or processed goods from the place of
production to the consumer. Supply chains enable companies to make sure that consumers are
able to access the products that they require, whenever they want them, at their own comfort and
that such products arrive in pristine condition. Through global supply management, the company
can integrate the relevant supply chain network from suppliers to warehouses to retailers and
achieve reductions in costs as well as increased customer service levels.
The 21st Century presents a unique situation to product manufacturers around the world.
Competition has increased, considerably, and it is becoming an ever more complex phenomenon
as the world advances. Trade agreements have eliminated most trade barriers that made regional
and international trade almost impossible and the number of firms that can produce goods and
services at a faster rate, has entered the global market. Customers are more knowledgeable of the
market and, thus, demand better quality products even as purchasing power fluctuates in most
economies. There has been a tangible decrease in the product life cycle to compounding the
challenges experienced in the supply chain. In addition to aforementioned changes, information
technology exhibits an unstoppable repository of capabilities that have been instrumental in

TECHNOLOGY IN THE GLOBAL SUPPLY CHAIN

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improving product and service delivery and reduced investment costs leading to more flow of
information and capital all over the globe. Information technology is a major part of the global
supply chain as it provides an edge to companies looking to boost their competitive advantage
and remain relevant in a dynamic world. This paper will perform an extensive literature review
on the development of technology and how it is integrated into the global supply chain.
Literature review
Evolution of global supply chain technology
Hu and Haddud (2017) advance that globalization has had a significant part to play in the
development and progress of the new supply chain management model. They argue that part of
this is because globalization has led to global decreases in labor prices and raw materials leading
to an increase in international procurements-the basis of expanding e-commerce as companies try
to understand, communicate and convince the customer to purchase their products. This
increased interconnectedness brought about by globalization has necessitated the need for
efficiency in the global supply chain, and this can only be achieved through the use of
technology. Li & Shi (2010) define technology in terms of the development of production tools,
methods, and processes that increase efficiency, speed, and scalability in the production of goods
and services. The authors assert that the dominant defining characteristic of technology is its
ability to change as quickly as possible and as requirements and demands for better performance
continue advancing. According to Ross (2016) gaining an enhanced understanding of
technology’s crucial role in the global supply chain, it is essential to acknowledge the dynamism
and complexity, which is represented by the interaction that happens between structures,
decisions, and processes, in the actual supply chain. He traces the early development of
technology in the industry to the 1950s and 1960s where, after the assembly line mode of

TECHNOLOGY IN THE GLOBAL SUPPLY CHAIN

5

production-as an early technology-made mass production a reality; companies adopted it with the
hope of reduced cost for every unit. This meant depending on limited in-house technology for
new product development functions which was slow and the restricted sharing of technology,
expertise, and information between the company, suppliers, and customers dragged the
industry’s progress even further.
Li & Shi (2010) explain the concept of the Wireless Sensor Network technologies that
introduced new monitoring, tracking, and surveillance capabilities. These new forms of
computing and wireless communications changed the supply chain management culture of not
sharing information and enabled suppliers and customers to gain information on company
operations while allowing reduced cost due to new processes and improving efficiency. The duo
notes that the research on sensor networks is traceable to the 1980s when the Distributed Sensor
Networks were being developed. In essence, the authors point to the improved Wireless Sensor
Networks that are embedded in small, affordable devices and are used to monitor conditions such
as temperature, pressure, motion, and location. They also include information communication
technologies that can be networked with the internet and provide automatic monitoring, tracking,
and data collection and processing services. The authors predicted uptake of WSN technologies
based on increased and advanced coverage capabilities, energy efficiency, and superior capacity
of channels.
Cannella, Dominguez, Framinan, and Ponte (2018) posit that new technologies have
contributed to the current technologically-advanced global supply chain. The transition into such
technological tools as availed by the progress of direct digital manufacturing augmented reality,
and artificial intelligence among others has been a tremendous boost to flexibility and efficiency
in the process of production and distribution. The four authors perform a review of current

TECHNOLOGY IN THE GLOBAL SUPPLY CHAIN

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literature pointing to the further introduction and development of new and more advanced
technologies like 3-D Printing which is poised to reduce international transport in general, thus a
reduction in distribution cost. Hanfield (2016) points out that more capabilities are being
unleashed and will be including the application of smartphone technology in risk management
and material planning and big data analytics. Additionally, emerging fields like wearable
technology, 3D visualization, and body cameras among others are increasingly being utilized in
contractor monitoring and management functions. However, the author points to the
generalization of innovative supply chain technologies a...

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