Research on breast Cancer


Question Description

Recall from the unit lesson, the chances of developing cancer are fairly high, and cancer is very much a current real world issue. Almost everyone has been affected by cancer in some way or knows someone who has been. This research report will have you explore the type of cancer you selected in Unit III.

Your research report should accomplish the following:

  • Introduce the paper’s purpose, including background information on what cancer is and a summary of the main points.
  • Describe the type of cancer you selected.
  • Describe the diagnosis: symptoms, diagnosis, staging, and prognosis.
  • Discuss treatment options, including medicines/alternative treatments.
  • Discuss causes/risk factors.
  • Include the incidence rate or statistics.
  • Explain the resources you would use if you or someone you knew had this type of cancer.
  • Discuss what you can do to help the fight against cancer.
  • Include any other interesting facts.

Your research report should be at least three full pages in length and include an introduction, a body, and a conclusion. You are required to cite at least two peer-reviewed sources and two additional sources of your own choosing, for a minimum of four sources. You are encouraged to use the references from the Unit III annotated bibliography assignment, but it is not a requirement.

Be sure to include a separate title page and reference page. Title and reference pages do not count towards the minimum page requirement. An abstract is not required.

All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations following APA style guidelines.

Tutor Answer

School: Carnegie Mellon University

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Breast Cancer Research
Institution Affiliation




Cancer is referred to the abnormal growth of body tissues that may occur rapidly and in
an uncontrolled manner in which they growth extends top other organs of the body. Cancer has
become the top-most source of death in the world as the numbers of people suffering from cancer
increases. While the largest reason for the cause of cancer being genetic mutations, other reasons
that have contributed to cancer are overuse of alcohol, poor diet, lack of physical exercise,
obesity among other reasons. Among many types of cancer such as cervical cancer, prostate
cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer has become a chief source of death among women. Breast
cancer develops within the breast tissue, and a lump develops in the breast. The purpose of this
paper is to discuss in depth the issue of breast cancer, the diagnosis, staging, its treatment, its
cause and what can be done to fight it among other facts surrounding cancer (Anjum, Dr.
Fakhsheena & Razvi, Nighat, Masood, Dr. Muhammad, 2017).
Breast Cancer
Breast cancer is tumor that develops within the cells and tissues of a breast and is the
most prevalent cancer after skin cancer that has affected many women across the world. Breast
cancer is detected through a mammogram. However, recent research shows that mammogram
could be causing more damage. Breast cancer is discovered after a lump is felt and located in the
breast. This makes one breast to become larger than the other. Breast cancer can take two forms;
ductal carcinoma which in most cases starts in the milk duct of an individual and the lobular
carcinoma which originates at the lobules. The nipple may also change its shape and position
while the skin may get puckered as well. Another symptom of the cancer is redness of the skin
which may also peal and have a different pigmentation from the normal color of the skin.



Symptoms, Diagnosis, Staging, and Prognosis
Apart from mammograms, breast cancer can also be diagnosed by a breast ultrasound
where images of the ultrasound show whether the lump is a hard mass or a fluid-filled cyst. It
can also be diagnosed by the removal of some breast cells that undergo testing in the form of
biopsy. An MRI (Breast Magnetic Resonance Imaging) can be performed to create inner images
of the breast, and it is preferred because it does not use radiation. There exist five chief stages of
this type of cancer. The initial stage, stage zero, is a phase where cancer has not been detected.
The second stage is Stage IA and IB where the tumor is small and has not spread while in IB it
slowly spreads to the lymph nodes. The third stage is stage II where the tumor is not yet evident,
but the tumors have spread rapidly to the axillary lymph nodes. The fourth phase is when the
lump has extended to the chest ...

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