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Operating costing: Under this method, the cost of every operation is
calculated. This is appropriate for industries in which producing a product needs
stages of operation.
Process costing: If a product passes through dissimilar stages of
manufacture or processes, the method of costing appropriate is process costing.
The special characteristic of this method is the product at the end of a
process turn into the raw material for the next process until it reaches the
An operation costing is alike to process costing. In this operation
costing standardized methods are used to produce the product. Simultaneously,
the product may have some customized individual characteristics that need the
use of the job order cost system.
In deciding which system to apply, a cost -benefit trade off
takes place. In a job-order system, comprehensive information concerning to the
cost of the product is involved. The cost of implementing this system is frequently
expensive. In a process cost system, an average cost of the product will be sufficient
and so the cost to implement is less. In summary, the cost of implementing the
system must be balanced against the benefits offered from the extra