Imagine that you are an executive with a multinational corporation that wants to open a manufacturing facility in an underdeveloped country. You have been assigned the responsibility of preparing a report on the suitability of a particular country for investment. Your company is concerned with the investment climate in this country, but is equally interested in the country’s political stability and its social and cultural environment since it will be making a substantial financial commitment. Your corporation views this as not only an opportunity to make a profit, but also as a humanitarian effort to help improve the standard of living in a lesser developed country.
For your Portfolio Project, select a country in Africa, Asia, or South America and study that country in depth, applying concepts covered throughout the course. Prepare a detailed report for your Board of Directors that includes the following information:
Population of the country (see 1 below for more information)
Important ethnic or racial groups and divisions
Per capita gross domestic product (see 2 below for more information)
UN Human Development Index rankings (see 2 below for more information)
Freedom House scores for political rights and civil liberties (see 3 below for more information)
The economic position of your country compared to other countries (wealthy, poor, middle income).
Classification and structure of government
Liberal democracy, illiberal democracy, authoritarian regime?
Philosophers or thinkers who have influenced the political history and development of the system of government
Presidential, parliamentary or other system?
Who is the head of government?
Electoral system: how are legislators selected? How is the executive elected or chosen? How is the bureaucracy staffed?
What is the highest level of the judiciary? Does judicial review exist?
Is your country a federal or unitary system? How are policies administered in your country?
Is there a written constitution? How old is it? Is it considered to be effective? Does it have the support of the people?
How much control does government exercise over the economy?
Competition, stability and civil society
Number and strength of political parties
Major conflicts between parties (liberal, conservative, left-right, ethnicity, etc.)
Voting behavior – if your country is a democracy, what is the turnout for elections? Is voting compulsory? (See 4 below for more information.)
What are the results of the most recent election? When is the next national election?
Are there any recent political changes?
Major social movements?
Suitability of the country for foreign investment
Government policy toward foreign investment
Challenges and potential obstacles
Advantages to foreign investment in this country.
What are the most important political, economic, environmental and human rights issues facing your country?
Is your country in conflict with its neighbors or other countries?
What are its relations with major global powers ‑- the U.S., Europe, China, etc.?
Data can be accessed through the World Bank website.