BIOL 203 Lab Report Assignment
Aria is a 30-year-old woman who recently presented in the emergency after a bicycle accident. The ER
nurses treated several lacerations and abrasions to the right side of Aria’s face and her right arm. X-ray
images showed a complete transverse fracture of Aria’s right wrist and fractures to her right temporal
bone. The attending physician placed a cast on Aria’s arm and proceeded to examine her for the extent
of the head trauma.
When asked to walk across the room, Aria complained of dizziness and had trouble keeping her balance.
Aria was unable to hear clearly through her right ear and when a struck tuning fork was placed on her
forehead, she could hear it only on the left side. When asked to sniff a vial of vanilla extract, Aria correctly
identified the odor. An eye exam revealed that Aria’s visual acuity and peripheral vision were normal. The
doctor then asked Aria to follow a penlight with her eyes as he moved the light to Aria’s right, left, up,
down, and towards her nose. Both eyes tracked the light as normal. The doctor examined Aria’s face for
symmetry and observed some weakness in the eyelids, eyebrows, lips, and forehead on the right side. A
taste test revealed that Aria was unable to distinguish sweet and salty tastes on the anterior right side of
her tongue. Aria was able to feel a warm probe applied to her forehead, cheek, and chin. When asked to
clench her jaw, the physician observed a strong and symmetrical contraction. Aria’s gag reflex was
Based on her symptoms, the physician concluded that Aria had cranial nerve damage. He advised his
patient that she may require surgery and sent her back to radiography for thin-slice CT scans of her skull.
For this assignment, you are the physician! Your task is to determine which cranial nerve(s) are damaged
in Aria’s case. You will use the data you gathered in lab as the “normal” or control subject. Use the
description of Aria’s symptoms in the case given above to formulate data for an “abnormal” or
experimental subject. Compare the data from the control subject (your lab partner) to the data for the
experimental subject (Aria) to determine what sensory or motor deficits Aria is experiencing. Use your
knowledge of the anatomy and function of each cranial nerve to determine which cranial nerve or nerves
were affected by her injuries. To write your lab report, follow the format specified on the last page of this
document and use the rubric provided to guide the content.
Although you worked with a partner while completing the lab exercise, you must write your own,
individual lab report. Copying another student’s paper or portions thereof constitutes plagiarism.
The lab report must be typed, submitted via Canvas, and checked by VeriCite.
Be as concise as possible. Be specific in your wording. The best lab reports are ones that make
every word count. Strive for logic and precision and avoid ambiguity. Keep the writing
impersonal; do not use person (i.e., I or we).
Proofread your report before submitting it for grading. Mistakes in grammar and spelling will factor
into your final grade. Have a neutral person review and critique your report before submission. If
you need help, see your instructor or go to the LAC for assistance.
The report needs to be written in sufficient detail so that a person with the same background as
you can read the report and understand it.
Do not say the hypothesis was accepted or rejected and then say nothing to explain beyond that.
Include data from the lab results to demonstrate why the hypothesis was accepted or rejected.
Do not just list data. It needs to be in a format that suits the data, i.e. graph, table, or chart.
Academic honesty is required. This includes copying other students work, not just published
materials. The HCC handbook states:
“Academic honesty means the use of one’s own thoughts and materials in the writing of papers,
tests and other classroom related activities….
Students are expected to give full credit for the borrowing of other’s words or ideas. Intentional or
unintentional use of another’s words or ideas without acknowledging this use constitutes
• The duplication of an author’s words without quotation marks and accurate references and
• The duplication of author’s words or phrases with footnotes or accurate references but
without quotation marks
• The use of author’s ideas in paraphrase without accurate references or footnotes.
• Submitting a paper in which exact words are merely rearranged even though footnoted.”
The penalty for the first infraction of the Academic Honesty policy is to receive a
zero on the assignment. The second offense may result in a failing grade for the
Make sure to use in-text citations when quoting or paraphrasing another author’s words,
phases, ideas or data. Merely rearranging the order of words and not using an in text
citation constitutes plagiarism. APA style format for in text and full citations must be used
Your originality score from VeriCite must be below 25% for you to receive a grade for
this report. If your originality score is above 25% by the due date you will receive a zero
on this assignment and a report of misconduct may be submitted to the office of the vice
president. Consult your lab instructor for any questions about these policies.
1. Material covering cranial nerves is in pages 495-503 of your textbook.
2. Data must be reported in graph or table format.
3. You must use in text citations where appropriate in the body of the paper.
Failure to do so results in plagiarism and will be treated as a violation of HCC’s
academic honesty policy. You must use APA format for in text citations and for
the full reference in the “literature cited” section of the paper. If you fail to use the
proper APA citation format you will lose points, see rubric below.
BIOL 203 Lab Report Grading Rubric
Abstract (2 pt total)
• give a brief overview of the study and the conclusions that can be made
Introduction (8 pts total)
Purpose – statement of overall purpose of study
• Provide a general description of cranial nerves
• Identify the cranial nerve(s) that carry sensory information to the brain
and identify the structures which those nerve innervate
• Identify the cranial nerve(s) that carry motor commands from the brain
And identify the structures which those nerves control
Hypothesis – Predict which cranial nerve(s) is/are malfunctioning in Aria’s case
Procedures (2 pts total)
• Briefly explain how the function of each of the nerves identified above was
tested in the lab
Results (2 pts total)
• Report data in table format (include the control data collected in the lab
and compare it to the data from Aria’s examination)
• Give proper labels and titles for tables and graphs
Discussion (8 pts total)
Summary and interpretation of data
• For each test performed, compare the results between the control and
• Relate the results to the background information in the Introduction
Analysis of results
• Explain how the results support the hypothesis
- OR - Explain how the results contradict the hypothesis
Describe any points of uncertainty or further questions
Literature cited (2 pts total)
• APA style list of references and in-text citations
Use of correct format for report (see page below)
Total points for assignment
Your paper must follow the format outlined below. The format of this
paper follows the APA research report format. An example of this format can be
found at: http://www.thewritesource.com/apa/apa.pdf
Title Page: The title page should be on a separate sheet of paper and contain
the title of the report, your name, the name(s) of your lab partner(s),
the course number and the date that the report was submitted.
The body of the paper should contain the following clearly labeled sections:
In this section, you will include a single paragraph to summarize the background
and main results. Write this part last.
Introduction: An introduction provides a concise statement, in paragraph form, of the
purpose or aims of the experiment as well as the relevant background about the
experiment. Although the introduction varies with the style of the author and tests
performed, it should only contain information that is relevant to the case. The
introduction should be about one typed page in length. You must include a
hypothesis based on the information in Aria’s case. Give the reasoning for your
hypothesis based on what is known about the function of the cranial nerves. Make
sure to cite all references properly in the body of the paper
Procedures: This section explicitly describes the details of the tests performed. Do not copy
directly from the lab manual but do cite the manual as a reference. Describe in
your own words the procedures you used to test the functions of cranial nerves.
This section is used to present your results. You should not report raw data. It
should be tabulated and presented in the form of tables and graphs. Make sure
that all tables and graphs are labeled appropriately. Be sure to include data for
both the control and the experimental subjects.
Discussion: The data is analyzed and discussed in this section. It is important to interpret the
data, not simply restate it. Here is where you relate your experimental results to
existing knowledge of the function of the cranial nerves. Are your results in
agreement with your hypothesis? Discuss this, and try to explain any
discrepancies. What are the main points of uncertainty in interpreting your data?
You may speculate, but acknowledge that you are doing that. Include suggestions
that you may have for improving the design of the tests. If you use material from
other sources to support your discussion, you must cite the reference.
Literature Cited: Use the APA format for citations within the paper and in your reference list.
if you are unfamiliar with this format.
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