Running head: THE CORRECTION SYSTEM
The Correction System
THE CORRECTION SYSTEM
Definition and origins of rehabilitation in prison.
Rehabilitation is a key feature of correctional facilities in most criminal justice systems.
Rehabilitation services often seek to enable one to recover psychologically and change their
mentality of engaging in crime again and rather adopt a crime-free lifestyle. Rehabilitation is,
therefore, one of the goals which correctional facilities seek to achieve during the jail term
(Behan, 2014). Rehabilitation is simply a set of programs which helps to restore the previous
personality of individuals after having engaged in crime and having been found guilty of
something. Rehabilitation focusses on restoring the previous personalities during the jail term.
Rehabilitation programs were first introduced by the British government in 1779. After the
approval of the penitentiary act, rehabilitation was introduced to serve as a form of correctional
program and not a punishment to inmates as a way of preparing them to come back to the free
world after release.
It was first emphasized by the French philosopher, Michel Foucault in the late 1770s and
suggested that punishment in correctional programs should be on the mind and not on the body
since the mind is the sources of all decisions including those to engage in crime. The concept of
rehabilitation however was introduced in 1882 after the renaming of the Colorado state
penitentiary which was to provide rehabilitation skills to inmates and equip them with skills and
make them as they returned to their society. However, the rehabilitation programs varied from