Children Welfare Discussion

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Question Description

The Research Term Paper Assignment

Social Work 110 requires all students to write a scholarly research term paper on a field of service in the social work profession, in American Psychological Association (APA) format. This assignment is to teach students how to write the annotated bibliography portion of a research paper.

The Annotated Bibliography

  • What is an Annotated Bibliography?
    • A bibliography is a list of reference materials that you have used for researching a topic. In APA format it is called “References.” Your bibliography should include at least one book and three scholarly articles.
  • What is the purpose of an Annotated Bibliography?
    • Provides preparation for the research term paper by familiarizing the writer with the current research, trends, and themes related to the topic. Exposes the writer to different resources to assist in analysis and critical thinking.
  • Writing an Annotated Bibliography
    • Write an Annotated Bibliography for each of the 4 references; this will include one book and three scholarly articles.

Each annotated reference should include these three parts:

A Summary of the main arguments and points of the reference

An Assessment and Evaluation of the reference – Is this a reliable, objective resource? Be sure to explain your point of view.

A Reflection on how this resource will help you write your research paper (Example: How will it help you understand the field of service? Does the information help cover the topic headings on pages 4-5 of this document?)

An instructor sample of an Annotated Bibliography is located within the "Files" folder.

Annotated Bibliographies will be graded based on the “Summary,” “Assessment and Evaluation,” and “Reflection:” outlined above.

Resources for Writing an Annotated Bibliography (Owl Purdue)

For definition and purpose of an Annotated Bibliography, click on the link below. https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/614/01/ (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

For a general sample of an Annotated bibliography in APA format, click on this link: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/614/03/ (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

Choose One Field of Social Work Service to Write About (pages 21-26 main text)

Child Welfare

Family, Youth and Children

Pregnancy & Parenting

School Social Work

Mental Health

Older Adults

Substance Abuse

Military Social Work

Medical Social Work

Grant Writing

International Social Work

Refugees and/or Immigrants

Disabilities

Crisis and Trauma

Administration

Violence, Victims and Criminal Justice

Community Organizing

*** You can narrow your focus: For example: If your topic is Criminal Justice and Corrections, you could focus on the specific area of Juvenile Delinquency ***

What Are The Research Requirements?

Begin your research for appropriate and relevant reference materials. Use the topic headings to help you identify the areas of focus.

What are the Literature Requirements?

  • You will need at least one book or e-book
    • Choose a book that focuses mainly on the field of service that you have chosen (textbooks can be used a supplemental source, but not the main source).
    • The course textbook from Social Work 110 cannot be used as reference.
    • The book should be written by a professional in the field of social work or a closely related field.
  • You will need three scholarly articles - What is a scholarly article?
    • A scholarly article is written by a professional and is usually contained in a professional journal.
    • Social work journals and articles written for the National Association of Social Workers (NASW) are good examples of appropriate references.
    • “Social Work Today” is an on-line/hard copy magazine that often has scholarly research articles available; it is available in the Cuyamaca Library.
    • You can also use journal articles from other related professions such as psychology, psychiatry, nursing, pediatrics, and education.
    • Articles, research, and statistics from the Federal Government are acceptable.
    • You can also use e-scholarly articles.
    • Popular culture magazines, newspaper articles, and websites are not appropriate for scholarly research (Examples: Wikipedia and about.com).

*Please be sure that all resources include author/s and dates. Undated books, articles or websites will not be accepted.


Important Research Specifics

  1. All resources must be from the United States of America
  2. All resources must be no older than 2010. The date must be included!
  3. Locating Your Research
    1. The Cuyamaca Library (Library building, LRC/C) (Temporary Library in L-103)
    2. The librarians have a copy of the Scholarly Research Term Paper Guidelines. They are all very skilled in helping students find appropriate resources and materials for this research assignment. The Cuyamaca Library has also purchased a large number of new books that will help social work students with this research term paper.
    3. For assistance with research contact a librarian in person at the reference desk on the 2nd floor. in E-121.
    4. There is also an extensive on-line library which includes e-books and e-articles specifically for the subject of social work
    5. For on-line reference assistance, use the Ask a Librarian chat box located on the library website: http://www.cuyamaca.edu/library (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.
  4. For Social Work Resources (print books, e-books and e-articles):
    1. http://cuyamaca.libguides.com/socialwork (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.
    2. Please Note: The library does not have access to most of its print book collection. However, there are print books for this assignment available for checkout in the temporary library in L-103. These books are identified in the Social Work 110 Research Guide (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. with this message “[Available in L-103]”. Titles listed in the Social Work 110 Guide that are not available in L-103 can be requested through Interlibrary Loan. The librarian at the reference desk in E-121 can assist with making this request.
  5. Accessing Resources from San Diego State University (SDSU) Library
    1. The Cuyamaca College Librarians can reserve request through interlibrary loan books from the SDSU Library at no cost to Cuyamaca students. Scholarly articles are also available from SDSU.

What are the Objectives of the Assignment (Student Learning Outcomes)?

  1. To assure that each student by the end of the semester will be able to demonstrate the ability to research, interpret, and report information related to a specific field of social work practice, in grammatically correct APA (American Psychological Association) format. These skills are essential in social work education.
  2. Acquire knowledge and gain insight into a specific field of social work service
  3. Gain an understanding of the values and ethics that impact social workers in this field
  4. Demonstrate a beginning knowledge of how to consult and utilize research evidence to inform ongoing policy and practice
  5. Demonstrate knowledge and application of APA format

The header should be the same text as the running head but in lower case. Online Communication Definitions & Relationships 1 Running Head: ONLINE COMMUNICATION DEFINITIONS & RELATIONSHIPS The title should summarize the paper’s main idea and identify the variables under discussion and the relationship between them. The title should be centered on the page and typed in 12point Times New Roman Font. It should not be bolded, underlined, or italicized. Varying Definitions of Online Communication and Their Effects on Relationship Research The author’s name and institution should be doublespaced and centered. Elizabeth L. Angeli Purdue University Blue boxes contain directions for writing and citing in APA style. Green text boxes contain explanations of APA style guidelines. The running head is a shortened version of the paper’s full title, and it is used to help readers identify the titles for published articles (even if your paper is not intended for publication, your paper should still have a running head). The running head cannot exceed 50 characters, including spaces and punctuation. The running head’s title should be in capital letters on the title page only. Online Communication Definitions & Relationships 2 Abstract The abstract is a brief summary of the paper, allowing readers to quickly review the main points and purpose of the paper. The abstract should not exceed 120 words. Abbreviations and acronyms used in the paper should be defined in the abstract. This paper explores four published articles that report on results from research conducted on online (Internet) and offline (non-Internet) relationships and their relationship to computer-mediated communication (CMC). The articles, however, vary in their definitions and uses of CMC. Butler, and Kraut (2002) suggest that face-to-face (FtF) interactions are more effective than CMC, defined and used as “email,” in creating feelings of closeness or intimacy. Other articles define CMC differently and, therefore, offer different results. This paper examines Cummings et al.’s research in relation to three other research articles to suggest that all forms of CMC should be studied in order to fully understand how CMC influences online and offline relationships. The section title should be centered and typed in 12 point Times New Roman. Do not indent the first line of the abstract paragraph. All other paragraphs in the paper should be indented. Online Communication Definitions & Relationships 3 Online Communication Definitions Effect on Relationship Research Numerous studies have been conducted on various facets of Internet relationships, The introduction presents the problem that the paper addresses. See the OWL resources on introductions: http://owl. english.pur due.edu/ow l/resource/ 724/01/ focusing on the levels of intimacy, closeness, different communication modalities, and the frequency of use of CMC. However, contradictory results are suggested within this research mostly because only certain aspects of CMC are investigated, for example, email only. Cummings, Butler, and Kraut (2002) suggest that FtF interactions are more effective than CMC (read: email) in creating feelings of closeness or intimacy, while other studies suggest the opposite. In order to understand how both online (Internet) and offline (non-Internet) relationships are affected by CMC, all forms of CMC should be studied. This paper examines Cummings et al.’s research against other CMC research to propose that additional research be conducted to better understand how online communication effects relationships. In-text citations include the author’s/ authors’ name/s and the publication year. The publication year and the not page number is used, because APA users are concerned with the date of the article (the more current the better). The full title is repeated here and centered at the beginning of main body of the paper. In Cummings et al.’s (2002) summary article reviewing three empirical studies on online social relationships, it was found that CMC, especially email, was less effective than FtF contact in creating and maintaining close social relationships. Two of the three reviewed studies focusing on communication in non-Internet and Internet relationships mediated by FtF, phone, or email modalities found that the frequency of each modality’s use was significantly linked to the strength of the particular relationship (Cummings et al., 2002). The strength of the relationship was predicted best by FtF and phone communication, as participants rated email as an inferior means of maintaining personal relationships as compared to FtF and phone contacts (Cummings et al., 2002). Cummings et al. (2002) reviewed an additional study conducted in 1999 by the HomeNet project. In this project, Kraut, Mukhopadhyay, Szczypula, Kiesler, and Scherlis If an article has three to five authors, write out all of the authors’ names the first time they appear. Then use the first author’s last name followed by “et al.” Online Communication Definitions & Relationships 4 (1999) compared the value of using CMC and non-CMC to maintain relationships with partners. They found that participants corresponded less frequently with their Internet partner (5.2 times per month) than with their non-Internet partner (7.2 times per month) (as cited in Cummings et al., 2002). This difference does not seem significant, as it is only two times less per month. However, in additional self-report surveys, participants responded feeling more distant, or less intimate, towards their Internet partner than their non-Internet partner. This finding may be attributed to participants’ beliefs that email is an inferior mode of personal relationship communication. Intimacy is necessary in the creation and maintenance of relationships, as it is defined as the sharing of a person’s innermost being with another person, i.e., selfdisclosure (Hu, Wood, Smith, & Westbrook, 2004). Relationships are facilitated by the reciprocal self-disclosing between partners, regardless of non-CMC or CMC. Cummings et al.’s (2002) reviewed results contradict other studies that research the connection between intimacy and relationships through CMC. Hu et al. (2004) studied the relationship between the frequency of Instant Messenger (IM) use and the degree of perceived intimacy among friends. The use of IM instead of email as a CMC modality was studied because IM supports a non-professional environment favoring intimate exchanges (Hu et al., 2004). Their results suggest that a positive relationship exists between the frequency of IM use and intimacy, demonstrating that participants feel closer to their Internet partner as time progresses through this CMC modality. Similarly, Underwood and Findlay (2004) studied the effect of Internet relationships on primary, specifically non-Internet relationships and the perceived Online Communication Definitions & Relationships 5 intimacy of both. In this study, self-disclosure, or intimacy, was measured in terms of shared secrets through the discussion of personal problems. Participants reported a significantly higher level of self-disclosure in their Internet relationship as compared to their primary relationship. In contrast, the participants’ primary relationships were reported as highly self-disclosed in the past, but the current level of disclosure was perceived to be lower (Underwood & Findlay, 2004). This result suggests participants turned to the Internet in order to fulfill the need for intimacy in their lives. In further support of this finding, Tidwell and Walther (2002) hypothesized CMC participants employ deeper self-disclosures than FtF participants in order to overcome the limitations of CMC, e.g., the reliance on nonverbal cues. It was found that CMC partners engaged in more frequent intimate questions and disclosures than FtF partners in order to overcome the barriers of CMC. In their study, Tidwell and Walther (2002) measured the perception of a relationship’s intimacy by the partner of each participant in both the CMC and FtF conditions. The researchers found that the participants’ partners stated their CMC partner was more effective in employing more intimate exchanges than their FtF partner, A subheading should be flush left and italicized. If you use more than two levels of headings, consult section 3.30 of the APA manual (5th ed.) or the OWL resource on APA headings: http://owl. english.pur due.edu/ow l/resource/ 560/16/ and both participants and their partners rated their CMC relationship as more intimate than their FtF relationship. Discussion In 2002, Cummings et al. stated that the evidence from their research conflicted with other data examining the effectiveness of online social relationships. This statement is supported by the aforementioned discussion of other research. There may be a few possible theoretical explanations for these discrepancies. First, one reviewed study by Cummings et al. (2002) examined only email correspondence for their CMC modality. Online Communication Definitions & Relationships 6 Because all research has its limitations, it is important to discuss the limitations of articles under examination. Therefore, the study is limited to only one mode of communication among other alternatives, e.g., IM as studied by Hu et al. (2004). Because of its many personalized features, IM provides more personal CMC. For example, it is in real time without delay, voice-chat and video features are available for many IM programs, and text boxes can be personalized with the user’s picture, favorite colors and text, and a wide variety of emoticons, e.g., :). These options allow for both an increase in self-expression and the ability to overcompensate for the barriers of CMC through customizable features, as stated in Tidwell and Walther (2002). Self-disclosure and intimacy may result from IM’s individualized features, which are not as personalized in email correspondence. In addition to the limitations of email, Cummings et al. (2002) reviewed studies that focused on international bank employees and college students. It is possible the participants’ CMC through email was used primarily for business, professional, and school matters and not for relationship creation or maintenance. In this case, personal self-disclosure and intimacy levels are expected to be lower for non-relationship interactions, as this communication is primarily between boss and employee or student and professor. Intimacy is not required, or even desired, for these professional relationships. Instead of professional correspondence, however, Cummings et al.’s (2002) review of the HomeNet project focused on already established relationships and CMC’s effect on relationship maintenance. The HomeNet researchers’ sole dependence on email communication as CMC may have contributed to the lower levels of intimacy and closeness among Internet relationships as compared to non-Internet relationships (as cited in Cummings et al., 2002). The barriers of non-personal communication in email could be Online Communication Definitions & Relationships 7 a factor in this project, and this could lead to less intimacy among these Internet partners. If alternate modalities of CMC were studied in both already established and professional relationships, perhaps these results would have resembled those of the previously mentioned research. In order to gain a complete understanding of CMC’s true effect on both online and offline relationships, it is necessary to conduct a study that examines all aspects of CMC. This includes, but is not limited to, email, IM, voice-chat, video-chat, online journals and diaries, online social groups with message boards, and chat rooms. The effects on relationships of each modality may be different, and this is demonstrated by the discrepancies in intimacy between email and IM correspondence. As each mode of communication becomes more prevalent in individual’s lives, it is important to examine the impact of all modes of CMC on online and offline relationship formation, maintenance, and even termination. The conclusion restates the problem the paper addresses and can offer areas for further research. See the OWL resource on conclusions: http://owl. english.pur due.edu/ow l/resource/ 724/04/ Online Communication Definitions & Relationships 8 Start the reference list on a new page, center the title “References,” and alphabetize the entries. Do not bold, underline, or italicize the title. Doublespace all entries. Every article mentioned in the paper should have an entry. References Cummings, J.N., Butler, B., & Kraut, R. (2002). The quality of online social relationships. Communications of the ACM, 45(7), 103-108. Hu, Y., Wood, J.F., Smith, V., & Westbrook, N. (2004). Friendships through IM: Examining the relationship between instant messaging and intimacy. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 10(1). Tidwell, L.C., & Walther, J.B. (2002). Computer-mediated communication effects on disclosure, impressions, and interpersonal evaluations: Getting to know one another a bit at a time. Human Communication Research, 28(3), 317-348. Underwood, H., & Findlay, B. (2004). Internet relationships and their impact on primary relationships. Behaviour Change, 21(2), 127-140.
1 APA Style Essentials http://psychology.vanguard.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/apastyleessentials.pdf Last modified February 18, 2013 Douglas Degelman, PhD Vanguard University of Southern California The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed., 2010) and the APA Style web site (http://www.apastyle.org/) provide a comprehensive reference guide to writing using APA style, organization, and content. To order a copy of the Publication Manual online, go to http://books.apa.org/books.cfm?id=4200066. To view "PDF" documents referenced on this APA Style Essentials page, you need Adobe Acrobat Reader. To download the free Acrobat Reader, go to http://get.adobe.com/reader/. The purpose of this document is to provide a common core of elements of APA style that all members of an academic department can adopt as minimal standards for any assignment that specifies APA style. This Web document is itself not a model of APA style. For an example of a complete article formatted according to APA style, go to http://psychology.vanguard.edu/wp-content/uploads/2010/12/paper.pdf. For an example of an undergraduate research proposal, go to http://psychology.vanguard.edu/wpcontent/uploads/2010/12/proposal.pdf. To download a Microsoft Word template of an APA-style paper, go to http://psychology.vanguard.edu/wp-content/uploads/2010/12/template.doc. I. General Document Guidelines A. Margins: One inch on all sides (top, bottom, left, right) B. Font Size and Type: 12-pt. Times New Roman font C. Line Spacing: Double-space throughout the paper, including the title page, abstract, body of the document, references, appendixes, footnotes, tables, and figures. D. Spacing after Punctuation: Space once after commas, colons, and semicolons within sentences. Insert two spaces after punctuation marks that end sentences. E. Alignment: Flush left (creating uneven right margin) F. Paragraph Indentation: 5-7 spaces G. Pagination: The page number appears one inch from the right edge of the paper on the first line of every page, beginning with the title page H. Running Head: The running head is a short title that appears at the top of the pages of a paper or published article. The running head is typed flush left (all uppercase) at the top of all pages (including the title page). The running head should not exceed 50 characters, including punctuation and spacing. Using most word processors, the running head and page number can be inserted into a header, which then automatically appears on all pages. I. Active voice: As a general rule, use the active voice rather than the passive voice. For example, use "We predicted that ..." rather than "It was predicted that ..." J. Order of Pages: Title Page, Abstract, Body, References, Footnotes, Tables, Figures, Appendixes II. Title Page A. Pagination: The Title Page is page 1. B. Running Head: The running head is typed flush left (all uppercase) following “Running head:” C. Key Elements: Paper title, author(s), institutional affiliation(s), author note. D. Paper Title: Uppercase and lowercase letters, centered on the page. E. Author(s): Uppercase and lowercase letters, centered on the line following the title. F. Institutional affiliation: Uppercase and lowercase letters, centered on the line following the author(s). G. Author Note: Provide information about the author’s departmental affiliation, acknowledgments of assistance or financial support, and a mailing address for correspondence. H. Example of APA-formatted Title Page: http://psychology.vanguard.edu/wpcontent/uploads/2010/12/titlepage.pdf 2 III. Abstract: The abstract is a one-paragraph, self-contained summary of the most important elements of the paper. A. Pagination: The abstract begins on a new page (page 2). B. Heading: “Abstract” (centered on the first line below the running head) C. Format: The abstract (in block format) begins on the line following the Abstract heading. The abstract word limit is set by individual journals. Typically, the word limit is between 150 and 250 words. All numbers in the abstract (except those beginning a sentence) should be typed as digits rather than words. D. Example of APA-formatted Abstract: http://psychology.vanguard.edu/wpcontent/uploads/2010/12/abstract.pdf IV. Body A. B. C. D. E. V. Pagination: The body of the paper begins on a new page (page 3). Subsections of the body of the paper do not begin on new pages. Title: The title of the paper (in uppercase and lowercase letters) is centered on the first line below the running head. Introduction: The introduction (which is not labeled) begins on the line following the paper title. Headings: Five levels of headings are available to be used to organize the paper and reflect the relative importance of sections. For example, many empirical research articles utilize two levels of headings: Main headings (such as Method, Results, Discussion, References) would use Level 1 (centered, boldface, uppercase and lowercase letters), and subheadings (such as Participants, Apparatus, and Procedure as subsections of the Method section) would use Level 2 (flush left, boldface, uppercase and lowercase letters). Example of APA-formatted Headings: http://psychology.vanguard.edu/wpcontent/uploads/2010/12/abstract.pdf Text citations: Source material must be documented in the body of the paper by citing the author(s) and date(s) of the sources. The underlying principle is that ideas and words of others must be formally acknowledged. The reader can obtain the full source citation from the list of references that follows the body of the paper. A. When the names of the authors of a source are part of the formal structure of the sentence, the year of publication appears in parentheses following the identification of the authors. Consider the following example: Wirth and Mitchell (1994) found that although there was a reduction in insulin dosage over a period of two weeks in the treatment condition compared to the control condition, the difference was not statistically significant. [Note: and is used when multiple authors are identified as part of the formal structure of the sentence. Compare this to the example in the following section.] B. When the authors of a source are not part of the formal structure of the sentence, both the authors and year of publication appear in parentheses. Consider the following example: Reviews of research on religion and health have concluded that at least some types of religious behaviors are related to higher levels of physical and mental health (Gartner, Larson, & Allen, 1991; Koenig, 1990; Levin & Vanderpool, 1991; Maton & Pargament, 1987; Paloma & Pendleton, 1991; Payne, Bergin, Bielema, & Jenkins, 1991). [Note: & is used when multiple authors are identified in parenthetical material. Note also that when several sources are cited parenthetically, they are ordered alphabetically by first authors' surnames and separated by semicolons.] C. When a source that has two authors is cited, both authors are included every time the source is cited. D. When a source that has three, four, or five authors is cited, all authors are included the first time the source is cited. When that source is cited again, the first author's surname and "et al." are used. Consider the following example: Reviews of research on religion and health have concluded that at least some types of religious behaviors are related to higher levels of physical and mental health (Payne, Bergin, 3 Bielema, & Jenkins, 1991). Payne et al. (1991) showed that ... E. When a source that has six or more authors is cited, the first author's surname and "et al." are used every time the source is cited (including the first time). F. Every effort should be made to cite only sources that you have actually read. When it is necessary to cite a source that you have not read ("Grayson" in the following example) that is cited in a source that you have read ("Murzynski & Degelman" in the following example), use the following format for the text citation and list only the source you have read in the References list: Grayson (as cited in Murzynski & Degelman, 1996) identified four components of body language that were related to judgments of vulnerability. G. To cite a personal communication (including letters, emails, and telephone interviews), include initials, surname, and as exact a date as possible. Because a personal communication is not "recoverable" information, it is not included in the References section. For the text citation, use the following format: B. F. Skinner (personal communication, February 12, 1978) claimed ... H. To cite a Web document, use the author-date format. If no author is identified, use the first few words of the title in place of the author. If no date is provided, use "n.d." in place of the date. Consider the following examples: Degelman (2009) summarizes guidelines for the use of APA writing style. Changes in Americans' views of gender status differences have been documented (Gender and Society, n.d.). I. To cite an entire website, give the address of the site in the text. Example: Eric Chudler’s excellent Neuroscience for Kids (http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/neurok.html) is definitely not only for kids! [Note: No entry in the References list is needed for the website.] J. To cite the Bible, provide the book, chapter, and verse. The first time the Bible is cited in the text, identify the version used. Consider the following example: "You are forgiving and good, O Lord, abounding in love to all who call to you" (Psalm 86:5, New International Version). [Note: No entry in the References list is needed for the Bible.] VI. Quotations: When a direct quotation is used, always include the author, year, and page number as part of the citation. A. A quotation of fewer than 40 words should be enclosed in double quotation marks and should be incorporated into the formal structure of the sentence. Example: Patients receiving prayer had "less congestive heart failure, required less diuretic and antibiotic therapy, had fewer episodes of pneumonia, had fewer cardiac arrests, and were less frequently intubated and ventilated" (Byrd, 1988, p. 829). B. VII. A lengthier quotation of 40 or more words should appear (without quotation marks) apart from the surrounding text, in block format, with each line indented five spaces from the left margin. References: All sources included in the References section must be cited in the body of the paper (and all sources cited in the paper must be included in the References section). A. Pagination: The References section begins on a new page. B. Heading: “References” (centered on the first line below the running head) C. Format: The references (with hanging indent) begin on the line following the References heading. Entries are organized alphabetically by surnames of first authors. Most reference entries have the following components: 1. Authors: Authors are listed in the same order as specified in the source, using surnames and initials. Commas separate all authors. When there are eight or more 4 2. 3. 4. D. E. authors, list the first six authors followed by three ellipses (…) and then the final author. If no author is identified, the title of the document begins the reference. Year of Publication: In parentheses following authors, with a period following the closing parenthesis. If no publication date is identified, use "n.d." in parentheses following the authors. Source Reference: Includes title, journal, volume, pages (for journal article) or title, city of publication, publisher (for book). Italicize titles of books, titles of periodicals, and periodical volume numbers. Electronic Retrieval Information: Electronic retrieval information may include digital object identifiers (DOIs) or uniform resource locators (URLs). DOIs are unique alphanumeric identifiers that lead users to digital source material. To learn whether an article has been assigned a DOI, go to http://www.crossref.org/guestquery/. Example of APA-formatted References: Go to http://psychology.vanguard.edu/wpcontent/uploads/2010/12/references.pdf Examples of sources 1. Journal article with DOI Murzynski, J., & Degelman, D. (1996). Body language of women and judgments of vulnerability to sexual assault. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 26, 16171626. doi:10.1111/j.1559-1816.1996.tb00088.x 2. Journal article without DOI, print version Koenig, H. G. (1990). Research on religion and mental health in later life: A review and commentary. Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 23, 23-53. 3. Journal article without DOI, retrieved online [Note: For articles retrieved from databases, include the URL of the journal home page. Database information is not needed. Do not include the date of retrieval.] Aldridge, D. (1991). Spirituality, healing and medicine. British Journal of General Practice, 41, 425-427. Retrieved from http://www.rcgp.org.uk/publications/bjgp.aspx 4. Book Paloutzian, R. F. (1996). Invitation to the psychology of religion (2nd ed.). Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon. 5. Informally published Web document Degelman, D. (2009). APA style essentials. Retrieved from http://www.vanguard.edu/faculty/ddegelman/index.aspx?doc_id=796 6. Informally published Web document (no date) Nielsen, M. E. (n.d.). Notable people in psychology of religion. Retrieved from http://www.psywww.com/psyrelig/psyrelpr.htm 7. Informally published Web document (no author, no date) Gender and society. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.trinity.edu/~mkearl/gender.html 8. Abstract from secondary database Garrity, K., & Degelman, D. (1990). Effect of server introduction on restaurant tipping. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 20, 168-172. Abstract retrieved from PsycINFO database. 9. Article or chapter in an edited book Shea, J. D. (1992). Religion and sexual adjustment. In J. F. Schumaker (Ed.), Religion and mental health (pp. 70-84). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. 10. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5 American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text rev.). Washington, DC: Author. VIII. Footnotes: Content footnotes are occasionally used to support substantive information in the text. A content footnote may be placed at the bottom of the page on which it is discussed or on a separate page following the References. A. Pagination: Footnotes begin on a separate page. B. Heading: “Footnotes” is centered on the first line below the running head. C. Format: Indent the first line of each footnote 5-7 spaces and number the foonotes (slightly above the line) as they are identified in the text. D. Example of APA-formatted Footnotes: http://psychology.vanguard.edu/wpcontent/uploads/2010/12/Footnote.pdf IX. Tables: A common use of tables is to present quantitative data or the results of statistical analyses (such as ANOVA). See the Publication Manual (2010, pp. 128-150) for detailed examples. Tables must be mentioned in the text. A. Pagination: Each Table begins on a separate page. B. Heading: “Table 1” (or 2 or 3, etc.) is typed flush left on the first line below the running head. Double-space and type the table title flush left (italicized in uppercase and lowercase letters). C. Example of APA-formatted Tables: http://psychology.vanguard.edu/wpcontent/uploads/2010/12/table.pdf X. Figures: A common use of Figures is to present graphs, photographs, or other illustrations (other than tables). See the Publication Manual (2010, pp. 150-167) for detailed examples. A. Pagination: Figures begin on a separate page. B. Figure Caption: "Figure 1." (or 2 or 3, etc.) is typed flush left and italicized on the first line below the figure, immediately followed on the same line by the caption (which should be a brief descriptive phrase). C. Example of APA-formatted Figure: http://psychology.vanguard.edu/wpcontent/uploads/2010/12/figure.pdf Appendixes: A common use of appendixes is to present unpublished tests or to describe complex equipment or stimulus materials. A. Pagination: Each Appendix begins on a separate page. B. Heading: If there is only one appendix, “Appendix” is centered on the first line below the manuscript page header. If there is more than one appendix, use Appendix A (or B or C, etc.). Double-space and type the appendix title (centered in uppercase and lowercase letters). C. Format: Indent the first line 5-7 spaces. D. Example of APA-formatted Appendix: http://psychology.vanguard.edu/wpcontent/uploads/2010/12/Appendix.pdf XI. Copyright © 2000-2013 Douglas Degelman
Annotated Bibliography Fawcett, D., & King, M. S. (2015). Lust, Men, and Meth: A Gay Man's Guide to Sex and Recovery. Wilton Manors, FL: Healing Path Press. This book provides information on the subject of crystal methamphetamine addiction in the LGBT community, focusing specifically on MSM (men who have sex with men). The book also explores the complex, and often avoided, topic of the seductive appeal to methamphetamine; the risky sexual behaviors associated with the drug and their direct impact on the health and wellbeing of the men in this community. This book will be useful in my research as it gives firsthand experiences of this devastating problem that requires the attention of social workers. This reference is reliable because it is supported by over a decade of research and clinical experience by the author, renowned psychotherapist David Fawcett. This book is objective as Fawcett uses multiple sources within the book to support his claims and to analyze opposing arguments. Bowen, E. A., & Walton, Q. L. (2015). Disparities and the Social Determinants of Mental Health And Addictions: Opportunities for a multifaceted Social Work Response. Health & Social Work, 40(3), e59-e65. doi: 10.1093/hsw/hlv034 This article talks about the reality that racial and ethnic minorities in United State tend to have poor physical and mental health outcomes. The author argues that the social work profession has a unique role to play in elimination racial and ethnic health disparities, particularly in the area of mental health, where social workers have long provided essential service. This article is reliable because it is published in a peer reviewed academic journal, and both authors specialize in the mental health field and have written multiple papers scientific journals in the field of psychology and behavior studies. This source is objective because it considers a wide range of research to better understand the social determinants of health. I will use this article in my research paper as a proof to support my argument that the social workers are the primary help in lives of those individuals with mental health issues and that they play an important role in their daily lives.
SCHOLARLY RESEARCH TERM PAPER GUIDELINES Social Work 110 – 2019 – C. McCray Part I: Annotated Bibliography due on Tuesday, February 19, 2019, submitted through Canvas (5% of final grade). Part II: Completed Scholarly Research Term Paper due on Thursday, March 7, 2019, submitted through Canvas (20% of final grade). The Research Term Paper Assignment Social Work 110 requires all students to write a 5-6 page scholarly research term paper on a field of service in the social work profession, in American Psychological Association (APA) format. I. What are the Objectives of the Assignment (Student Learning Outcomes)? A. To assure that each student by the end of the semester will be able to demonstrate the ability to research, interpret, and report information related to a specific field of social work practice, in grammatically correct APA (American Psychological Association) format. These skills are essential in social work education. 1. Acquire knowledge and gain insight into a specific field of social work service 2. Gain an understanding of the values and ethics that impact social workers in this field 3. Demonstrate a beginning knowledge of how to consult and utilize research evidence to inform ongoing policy and practice 4. Demonstrate knowledge and application of APA format II. Choose One Field of Social Work Service to Write About (pages 21-26 main text) Child Welfare Family, Youth and Children Pregnancy & Parenting School Social Work Mental Health Older Adults Substance Abuse Military Social Work Medical Social Work Grant Writing International Social Work Refugees and/or Immigrants Disabilities Crisis and Trauma Administration Violence, Victims and Criminal Justice Community Organizing *** You can narrow your focus: For example: If your topic is Criminal Justice and Corrections, you could focus on the specific area of Juvenile Delinquency *** III. What Are The Research Requirements? Cuyamaca College, SW 110 1 C. McCray 2019 A. Begin your research for appropriate and relevant reference materials. Use the topic headings to help you identify the areas of focus. B. What are the Literature Requirements? 1. You will need at least one book or e-book a. Choose a book that focuses mainly on the field of service that you have chosen (textbooks can be used a supplemental source, but not the main source). b. The course textbook from Social Work 110 cannot be used as reference. c. The book should be written by a professional in the field of social work or a closely related field. 2. You will need three scholarly articles - What is a scholarly article? a. A scholarly article is written by a professional and is usually contained in a professional journal. b. Social work journals and articles written for the National Association of Social Workers (NASW) are good examples of appropriate references. c. “Social Work Today” is an online/hard copy magazine that often has scholarly research articles available; it is available in the Cuyamaca Library. d. You can also use journal articles from other related professions such as psychology, psychiatry, nursing, pediatrics, and education. e. Articles, research, and statistics from the Federal Government are acceptable. f. You can also use e-scholarly articles. g. Popular culture magazines, newspaper articles, and websites are not appropriate for scholarly research (Examples: Wikipedia and about.com). *Please be sure that all resources include author/s and dates. Undated books, articles or websites will not be accepted. Cuyamaca College, SW 110 2 C. McCray 2019 C. Important Research Specifics 1. All resources must be from the United States of America 2. All resources must be no older than 2010. The date must be included! IV. Locating Your Research A. The Cuyamaca Library (Library building, LRC/C) 1. The librarians have a copy of the Scholarly Research Term Paper Guidelines. They are all very skilled in helping students find appropriate resources and materials for this research assignment. The Cuyamaca Library has also purchased a large number of new books that will help social work students with this research term paper. 2. For assistance with research contact a librarian in person at the reference desk on the 2nd floor. 3. There is also an extensive online library which includes e-books and e-articles specifically for the subject of social work. 4. For on-line reference assistance: http://www.cuyamaca.edu/library B. For Social Work Resources (e-books and e-articles): http://cuyamaca.libguides.com/socialwork C. Accessing Resources from San Diego State University (SDSU) Library 1. The Cuyamaca College Librarians can reserve books from the SDSU Library at no cost to Cuyamaca students. Scholarly articles are also available from SDSU. V. The Annotated Bibliography 1. What is an Annotated Bibliography? a. A bibliography is a list of reference materials that you have used for researching a topic. In APA format it is called “References.” Your bibliography should include at least one book and three scholarly articles. 2. What is the purpose of an Annotated Bibliography? a. Provides preparation for the research term paper by familiarizing the writer with the current research, trends, and themes related to the topic. Exposes the writer to different resources to assist in analysis and critical thinking. 3. Writing an Annotated Bibliography a. Write an Annotated Bibliography for each of the 4 references; this will include one book and three scholarly articles. Each annotated reference should include these three parts: Cuyamaca College, SW 110 3 C. McCray 2019 1. A Summary of the main arguments and points of the reference 2. An Assessment and Evaluation of the reference – Is this a reliable, objective resource? Be sure to explain your point of view. 3. A Reflection on how this resource will help you write your research paper (Example: How will it help you understand the field of service? Does the information help cover the topic headings on pages 4-5 of this document?) An instructor sample of an Annotated Bibliography for this assignment is located in Canvas under “Assignment.” Resources for Writing an Annotated Bibliography (Owl Purdue) For definition and purpose of an Annotated Bibliography, click on the link below. https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/614/01/ For a general sample of an Annotated bibliography in APA format, click on this link: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/614/03/ Annotated Bibliographies will be graded based on the “Summary,” “Assessment and Evaluation,” and “Reflection:” outlined above. VI. Part I of the Research Term Paper The Topic Headings – Content of the Scholarly Research Term Paper A. Below are the topic headings as provided by San Diego State University for the “Literature Review” and “Field of Service.” 1. A literature review is a way of organizing, summarizing, and critiquing a topic to inform the reader about a problem or issue. 2. It allows you to examine the research question, topic, problem, or issue in greater detail by considering what other people's’ writings and studies have shown. Topic Headings for the Literature Review ● Define the field of service ● Drawing from the literature, describe in detail the following: 1. What is the target population? (Who are the clients in need of service? Include information regarding the age ranges, gender, and socioeconomic status) 2. What are the practice methods that social workers use in this field? Indicate micro and/or macro practice methods. 3. What is the role of the social worker in this field? Part II of the Research Term Paper Topic Headings for the Field of Service 1. What are the presenting problems in this field of service? 2. What are the barriers to service for the target population? 3. What are the individual and environmental/societal causes of problems? 4. What are the values and ethical issues for social workers? What ethical and/or value dilemmas do social workers face in this field of service? 5. What is the anticipated income for social workers in this field of service? Cuyamaca College, SW 110 4 C. McCray 2019 6. What is your personal assessment of your continued interest in the field of service? VII. Guidelines for the Research Term Paper Assignment (See “Example Research Paper” located on Canvas within “Files”). A. General Information 1. The research term paper should be 5 to 6 pages in length and divided in two parts. a. Part I - “Literature Review” b. Part II -“Field of Service” 2. The bibliography and cover page are not included in the length of the paper. 3. The research paper should include an abstract. 4. Content must be accurate and conclusions must be adequately supported by scholarly research. This is not an opinion paper. 5. Grammar and syntax: Sentences should convey meaning clearly and should be grammatically correct with appropriate punctuation in place. Spelling should be correct. B. Use APA Formatting (American Psychological Association) 1. Please consult the APA Style Essentials for general document guidelines such as the title page, abstract, body of the paper, text citations and quotations, and references (located in Canvas under “Files”) 2. A sample APA Format paper is available in Canvas under “Files.” C. The Bibliography or “References” Section 1. There will be one “References” section for both parts of the paper, located at the end of the paper, in APA format. A sample APA format “References” page is available with a sample APA format paper located in Canvas under “Files.” D. Goals of the Research Paper 1. Provide various viewpoints by discussing what others have written or reported about the topic. 2. Assess the strengths and limitations of the literature, identify and comment on the major themes found in the literature, and offer a critique of the works. 3. You need to base your own perspective on your research findings and critical analysis of the literature review. E. Final Paper is the finished product that includes a college-level discussion of the topic with accompanying research and supporting evidence. 1. All required topics in Parts I & II are covered accurately, with supporting research. 2. There is an analysis of the literature that you reviewed. 3. The paper is written in APA format, including citations and “References” page. 4. Grammar, organization, and writing are at collegiate level. 5. Please refer to the term paper guidelines in this document for all requirements. VIII. A Helpful Resource for Writing the Scholarly Research Term Paper Cuyamaca College, SW 110 5 C. McCray 2019 A. The Writing Center at Cuyamaca College Location: Communication and Arts Building – B167 Telephone: 619-660-4463 1. The Writing Center offers tutoring to assist you with organization, grammar, syntax, punctuation, proofreading, editing, and APA format. The staff will have a copy of the research term paper guidelines. They are very familiar with this assignment, and are skilled in helping students with research papers. 2. Students who utilize the services of the Writing Center on a consistent basis tend to produce high quality research papers. 3. Be sure to make appointments with the Writing Center well in advance. This is especially true if you need multiple appointments. It is the job of the Writing Center to teach writing. As your instructor, I am available to help interpret the assignment. VIV. Assuring Academic Honesty and Avoiding Plagiarism A. Always cite your sources in APA format. Failing to cite sources is considered plagiarism, which is a form of academic dishonesty. 1. What is Plagiarism? a. Plagiarism is a form of academic dishonesty and will be treated seriously. b. According to the 2016-2017 Cuyamaca College Catalogue, plagiarism is defined as “the act of taking ideas, words or specific substantive material of another and offering them as one’s own without giving credit to the source” (page 30). Writers give credit to sources by using citations. c. According to Richard Nordquist, a citation is a source quoted in an essay, report or book to clarify, illustrate, or substantiate a point (About.com). d. A detailed description of plagiarism and accompanying consequences are located on page 30 in the 2016-2017 Cuyamaca College Catalogue under “Academic Honesty/Dishonesty. 2. Common Examples of Plagiarism a. Submitting a paper with someone else’s ideas, opinions, or research without citing the appropriate source b. Paraphrasing without citing the appropriate source c. Submitting the same paper in more than one class d. Submitting a paper as your own work that was written by another person Cuyamaca College, SW 110 6 C. McCray 2019 e. Submitting a paper that was purchased from the Internet or elsewhere When in doubt, use a citation. Citations show that you made the effort to do the research for your essay or term paper. Always provide a list of “References” at the conclusion of your paper. X. Submit Your Research Paper to VeriCite via Canvas on the due dates indicated on the first page of this document. A. Plan Ahead! 1. Allow enough time to submit your paper to VeriCite. Submissions left to the last minute can result in late papers. C. Late Papers: As per page 1 of the syllabus, there will be 10% grade reduction for late papers. D. The Tech Mall at Cuyamaca College – Assistance with VeriCite 1. The Tech Mall at Cuyamaca College Building E, East, Room E 121 Telephone: 619-660-4447 On campus extension: 2936 Hours: Monday – Thursday, 7:30 a.m. – 7:30 p.m., Friday, 8:00 a.m. – 1:00 p.m. Saturday/Sunday closed 2. Tech Mall website – http:www.cuyamaca.edu/techmall/ C. The Help Desk – Technical problems and log-in difficulties 1. Telephone: 619-660-4359 E-mail: c-helpdesk@gcccd.edu Please ask if you have any questions!! Cuyamaca College, SW 110 7 C. McCray 2019

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AntiqueTutorNatal
School: UT Austin

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1
Child welfare
Finck, K. R. (2019). Medical legal partnerships and child welfare: An opportunity for
intervention and reform. Widener Law Journal, 28(1), 23-49. Retrieved from
http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=134257123&site=eho
st-live
This article provides information on medical reforms and child welfare intervention
programs. The author of the article starts by giving detailed real-life examples of children who
are struggling to overcome stressful and overwhelming situations which makes the article highly
understandable. The report also discusses some of how medical-legal partnerships offer families
opportunities to receive preventive legal services addressing both the social determinants of
health and the underlying causes of chi...

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