Research Paper based on attached thesis

timer Asked: Feb 17th, 2019
account_balance_wallet $25

Question Description


Research Paper (200 Points): Create a 5-7 page research paper with references due in Unit 7. The focus is on 3 core course objectives (excluding the objective for the Unit 4 research review). The Research Paper is due by Sunday at 11:59 p.m. (CT).

Paper should be based on topics in my attached Thesis Paper. Paper should be proof read and refined for highest quality and flow.

Please revise teacher's feedback: Romeo, some room for improvement on this CLO; second para. you tell me that employees join because of "density" ... i.e., if others are in unions - really?; see notes; also, visit OWL for assistance with spelling, punctuation & grammar questions.

Please add more to Essay from text book: Lepak, D., & Gowan, M. (2017). Human resource management: Managing employees for competitive advantage. Chicago: Chicago Business Press.

2 pages are already done but proper touch up and implementation are necessary.


Research Paper


This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeContent

75.0 pts

Responds to every assignment requirement with originality. Focuses on the core learning objectives and includes 4-5 researched topics related to those objectives. Displays an exceptional familiarity with the texts and topics being discussed. Uses 3-4 additional resources.

67.0 pts

Responds to most assignment requirements with originality. Focuses on the core learning objectives and includes 3-4 researched topics related to those objectives. Displays a familiarity with the texts and topics being covered. Uses some additional resources (1-2).

52.0 pts

Fails to responds to most assignment requirements. Does not displays a familiarity with the texts and topics being covered. 2 or less core learning objectives included in the topics researched. Uses 0-1 additional resources beyond text.

75.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeLength and Format

40.0 pts

5 - 7 pages, not including cover page and reference list. 12 pt font, double-spaced, 1' margins on all sides. Uses APA.

35.0 pts

3-5 pages, not including cover page and reference list. 12 pt font, double-spaced, 1' margins on all sides. Uses APA.

30.0 pts

Less than 5 pages. Errors in formatting. Minimal use of APA.

40.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeCitations

45.0 pts

Properly cites reference materials used. Uses references from websites as well as the text.

40.0 pts

A few incorrect or missing citations and/or reference list entries. Minimal citations.

31.0 pts

Multiple incorrect or missing citations and/or reference list entries.

45.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeGrammar and Spelling

40.0 pts

Exceptional use of proper English and free of all typographical errors and grammatical mistakes.

35.0 pts

Proper use of English and generally free of typographical errors and grammatical mistakes.

30.0 pts

Multiple English errors, typographical errors, and grammatical mistakes.

40.0 pts

Total Points: 200.0

Attachment preview


Running head: WHY EMPLOYEES JOIN UNIONS 1 Why employees join Unions Romeo Agnew Park University WHY EMPLOYEES JOIN UNIONS 2 In many instances, organizations will go to great lengths to ensure that employees do not join a union. This is probably due to the fact an employee who has joined a union is seen as being less motivated and also a threat to the organization. But many of the firms will often miss on the advantage of the unions from the human resource perspective since taking care of the demands of the workers will give the company a competitive advantage due to increase staff motivation (Lepak & Gowan, 2017, p.501). Nonetheless, even with such deterrents, the workers will go to great lengths to ensure that they join some form of union. That being the case, the decision of the workers to join a union will be motivated by different factors as discussed below. Toubol and Jensen (2014) argue that the decision of a worker to join a union is largely motivated by the environment in which the employee is residing. In this case, if the employee lives in an area where most of the people have joined a union then he or she will be motivated to join one. In short, the density of unionization will have a huge influence on whether the employee joins a union. This is because such an employee does not want to be left out. Additionally, the political environment will also have a huge sway on the decision of the employee to join a union. For instance, in the case the employee is living in a progressive area then he or she will be tempted to join union due to the nature of the politics which are titled towards protecting the right of the workers. According to Hagerdon et al (2016), employees in the health sector join unions in the efforts to improve public health outcomes. In this case, in places where there are no unions the workers are left in a vulnerable position and hence the standards and safety of the healthcare that is offered to patients will have a huge decline. In the case that the health workers join a union, they will be able to advocate for better benefits for themselves and better condition for the patients. With that, the quality of the healthcare that is availed will be of high quality and hence WHY EMPLOYEES JOIN UNIONS 3 it will improve the public health. Furthermore, the unions will enable the health worker to have control over their job security and in that case, they will be motivated to perform their duties diligently. In that way, the social economic disparities in healthcare will be taken care of and the state of public health will improve by a great extent As well, Craver (2011) argues that employees will join a union because of advancing their rights as workers. In this case, the employees will join unions so that they can have the power of collective bargaining. One tactic that the union will use is the withholding of labor. This will create huge costs on the part of employers and in that case, they will have no option but to heed to the will of the employees. One of the rights of the employees that is brought about by unionizing is the wage. In many instances, the wage of the worker who has joined a union will be double or thrice that of the worker who has not joined a union. Additionally, the workers who have joined a union will receive more fringe benefits, for instance, healthcare and pensions. This makes the option of joining a union more attractive. In conclusion, the literature mentioned above makes a compelling case for reasons why the employee will join a union. Notably, each employee will have a different reason as to why he or she has joined a union but in end, it will be to serve his or her interest and that of the public. Therefore, unions play a huge role in labor relations. WHY EMPLOYEES JOIN UNIONS 4 References Craver, C. B. (2011). The impact of labor unions on worker rights and on other social movements. A. B. A. Journal of Labor and Employment Law, 26, 1-21. Hagedorn, J., Paras, C. A., Greenwich, H., & Hagopian, A. (2016). The Role of Labor Unions in Creating Working Conditions That Promote Public Health. American Journal of Public Health, 106(6), 989-995. doi:10.2105/ajph.2016.303138 Lepak, D., & Gowan, M. (2017). Human resource management: Managing employees for competitive advantage. Chicago: Chicago Business Press. Toubøl, J., & Jensen, C. S. (2014). Why do people join trade unions? The impact of workplace union density on union recruitment. Transfer: European Review of Labour and Research, 20(1), 135-154. doi:10.1177/1024258913516902

Tutor Answer

School: University of Virginia



Business Law: Case Study Two
Juan Carlos Perez
Southern New Hampshire University
Student ID: 1538648
Program(s) of Study (Major): Business Administration
Professor Maureen Pomeroy
February 10, 2019




Case Study Two
Sam is inventing a machine that barks like a dog in his leased apartment. The invention is
meant to be a home security device. Sam has informed his landlord about the invention and the
landlord wished him luck in his path. A national chain store has offered to sell Sam's invention if
only Sam supplies the invention exclusively to the store. Sam agrees to the national chain store’s
offer and tells the manager that he will deliver 1,000 units. Several months later, Sam comes to
his rented apartment from work. He finds two letters; one from the national chain store
demanding delivery of goods and another is an eviction notice from the landlord. To understand
the dynamics of this case there is a need to analyze the elements of a contract, quasi-contract,
promissory estoppel, and the rights and obligations of the tenant and landlord.
Various elements must be present to prove that a valid contract exists between Sam and
the chain store. The four elements that validate a contract are an offer, an acceptance, the
consideration, and the contracting capacity. The first element of the contract is the offer. One
party has to make a commitment to act or refrain from acting in a certain manner for the
exchange of something. In this case, the store made an offer to Sam. The offer was to sell his
invention exclusively. The second element is the acceptance. The acceptance is a return of the
offer where the party being asked to engage in a contract makes an agreement to the terms of the
offer. Sam made an agreement to supply the store exclusively with a start of 1,000 units.
There are two more elements to a contract. The third element is the contracting capacity.
The contracting capacity considers the age and mental capacity of the parties. The parties must
be legally responsible for their duties. Sam is legally allowed to engage in a contract as he is



above 18 years old, is not mentally incapacitated and so is the store. The fourth element is the
consideration. The consideration is the reward for fulfilling the offer. This can include currency
compensation among others. Sam is not offered a consideration by the store.
If the elements of a contract did exist between these parties, there could still be some
possible reasons why a contract might not be valid based on facts not present in the scenario. For
example, if Sam was a minor at the time he made the agreement with the chain store, the contract
would not be valid because he would not be legally responsible to fulfill the duty. As per law,
Sam would not be of the right age to contract. The facts of this case show that Sam is of the right
age and as such this factor does not negate the contract. However, the contract does not have a
consideration. Since Sam is not offered any form of compensation in the contract then the
contract is invalid as one of the elements is compromised.
Even if there is not a valid legal contract between Sam and the chain store, there may still
be a quasi-contract or elements of what is called promissory estoppel. A quasi-contract is a type
of contract which is created through a court order. A quasi-contract does not involve the
agreement between parties. This type of contract is especially used when there are disputes in
compensation over goods supplied or services rendered. This helps promote fairness where one
party does not gain unfairly over another.
In this case, a quasi-contract may exist if some requirements are met. To begin with, there
must be goods and services supplied by Sam to the store or vice-versa. The supply of goods or
services must be accompanied by an implication of payment by the party receiving the goods or
services. The second requirement is that the plaintiff must clearly express why it will be unfair
for the defendant to receive the goods and services without payment.



Promissory estoppel is where one party changes their position regarding a gratuitous
promise made even when there is no valid contract. Promissory estoppel may apply to this case if
some requirements are met. There must a gratuitous promise, one which there is a heavy reliance
by one party on the fulfillment of the promise by the other party. In this case, the store must rely
heavily on the fulfillment of the 1,000 units to the store exclusively. Additionally, there must be
considerable harm or loss incurred. The store must incur potentially high economic losses.
The rights and obligations of both the landlord and tenant depend upon the terms of their
contract. Such a contract may be verbal or in writing under a standard residential lease
agreement. Some of the facts that may support that Sam is in breach of that contract are the noise
that the invention is making, the disturbance of peace in the apartment, and the conducting of
business in the residence. The agreement in standard residential lease agreements requires
tenants to maintain a considerable level of quiet in their residence. The machine making the
barking noise is in violation of this agreement. Additionally, the tenants are required to respect
the peace of other people living in the residence. The noise being made by the machine is
interfering with the peace of the neighbors. The contract also states that a tenant is not allowed to
conduct business in the residence. Sam is working on an invention which is essentially part of
the business process of research and development. Additionally, Sam has not stated where he
will manufacture his machine for sale and can be assumed that he intends to do it in the
apartment to save on costs.
Some facts that may support that Sam is not in breach of that contract are that Sam had
informed of the landlord about his activity prior to the notice and that he is not conducting
business. Sam informed the landlord that he was working on an invention and the landlord
acknowledged by wishing him luck. The fact that the landlord wished him luck is a sign of



acceptance since he did not raise any complain. Additionally, Sam is not conducting business in
his leased apartment. There is no record to show that Sam has delivered any goods or services
and received payment in the apartment.
Based upon those rights and obligations, Sam’s landlord does not have grounds to evict
because there is no business that has been conduc...

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Tutor went the extra mile to help me with this essay. Citations were a bit shaky but I appreciated how well he handled APA styles and how ok he was to change them even though I didnt specify. Got a B+ which is believable and acceptable.

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