Freakonomics: Core Values to Prevent Cheating to Get Incentives

timer Asked: Feb 17th, 2019
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Question Description

After watching the Freakonomics video clip on the incentives that sumo wrestlers face, it shows that there are times when rational people will choose to cheat in order to get a greater payoff.

Has there ever been a situation that you faced where the incentives before you were such that the cheaters had an advantage? Describe how you handled the situation, and how Saint Leo’s core value of responsible stewardship could help you when facing a similar situation in the future.

In paragraph a), identify a situation you encountered when cheating would have provided incentives that tempted you to cheat because it would have given you an incentive, usually monetarily, by doing that. Make sure you explain your reasoning for how you handled the situation. In paragraph b), explain how Saint Leo's core value of responsible stewardship could help you make a decision when another situation involving cheating comes your way. Limit your discussion in paragraph b) to only responsible stewardship, although there are other core values that also apply. At least 500-words APA format

Core Value: Responsible Stewardship: Our Creator blesses us with an abundance of resources. We foster a spirit of service to employ our resources to university and community development. We must be resourceful. We must optimize and apply all of the resources of our community to fulfill Saint Leo University's mission and goals.

Freakonomics audio transcript of this film clip is attached

Freakonomics Man 1: People who are being corrupt are always trying to actively cover their trail. So corruption is, by its nature is hard to identify; hard to prove. Murder is really great, cause almost always when someone’s murdered there’s a corpse. Man 2: You might say "How would you know someone's cheating?" and the answer is – well it’s in the data. I don't have to ever have seen a sumo match. I can go in the data, I can look at it, and I can tell you, with almost complete certainty, that there was rampant cheating going on. [Muffled announcer and crowd noise.] Narrator: In professional Sumo tournaments, the wrestlers fight one bout per day for 15 days. Man 3: If you win 8 out of the 15 matches, you can move up in rank - half a slot. The difference of half a rank can be maybe 5,000 dollars in paycheck a month. The respects you get in the Sumo Association. So when you talk about stuff like that, that 8th win is real critical. th Narrator: Arikshi entering a tournament’s final 15 match with a 7 and 7 record, has far more to gain from a victory than an opponent, with a record of say 8 and 6 has to lose. If a wrestler has 8 wins under his belt, he's guaranteed to advance. Even if he loses that last match. So he can afford to take a fall. In Japan, there's a term for match rigging – Yaocho. Many suspected that Sumo matches might be rigged. But it is nearly impossible to prove, unless you look closely at the numbers. Man 2: Two wrestlers that I would expect to have an even match, when 1 of them needs the eighth win and the other doesn't, the one who needs it wins 75% of the time rather than 50% of the time; that is a huge deviation. Man 1: I (8-6 wrestler) let you (7-7 wrestler) win this deciding match cuz you, my friend, are gonna fall down the pyramid if you don't. In return, the next time those 2 guys meet lo and behold, the 8-6 wrestler almost always wins those matches.

Tutor Answer

School: UT Austin



Core Values to Prevent Cheating to Get Incentives
Institution Affiliation




An incentive may be something which acts as a stimulant or an inducement to encourage
one in doing a certain thing. In many instances, one can use lies to be able to get these incentives
for him to do what he is supposed to. Incentives spur people in doing what they are required to
do with much ease. Many activities that human beings do are due to the encouragement they
receive from other people. For instance, one could lie to their fellow colleague that they can be
able to fix their laptop, but in the real sense, they are not able to do that. The main reason for the
person cheating about his ability to fix his colleague’s laptop may be due to his desire to get
some money out of it. This situation has occurred to me several times due to the need to easily
earn an ...

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