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law developed by judges through decision of courts and similar tribunals that decide individual cases, as opposed to statutes adopted through the legislative process.
A "common law system" is a legal system that gives great precedential weight to common law,so that consistent principles applied to similar facts yield similar outcomes.
The body of past common law binds judges that make future decisions,
just as any other law does, to ensure consistent treatment. In cases
where the parties disagree on what the law is, a common law court looks
to past precedential decisions of relevant courts. If a similar dispute has been resolved in the past, the court is usually bound to follow the reasoning used in the prior decision .
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