PSY 100 WEEK 10, DISCUSSION 1
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Question Description

"Mental Disorder Treatments" Please respond to the following:

  • Select one (1) mental disorder that intrigues you the most, then suggest a treatment approach for the disorder you selected based on evidence discussed in the textbook related to the treatment of mental disorders. Next, discuss three (3) strategies to help individuals with your chosen disorder adjust to their lives. Justify your response.
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Psychology of Adjustment PSY100 Therapies Objectives • Upon completion of this lesson, you will be able to: – List the classes of drugs which are used to treat each of the following: anxiety disorders, mood disorders and schizophrenia – Discuss electroconvulsive therapy and psychosurgery – Describe psychodynamic therapy, its key assumptions and techniques – Describe client-centered therapy and Gestalt therapy – Describe two therapies based on classical conditioning (systematic desensitization, aversive conditioning) and one therapy based on operant conditioning (behavioral modification) – Discuss cognitive therapy, its key assumptions and different approaches to such therapy – Define group therapy, family therapy and couples therapy – Discuss support groups, community mental health and cultural perspectives on mental heath Overview • Therapy – Approaches • Biological • Psychological • Sociocultural – Effectiveness – Health Professionals – Consumers Biological Therapies • Drug Therapy – Anti-anxiety drugs • Tranquilizers – Benzodiazepines – Side effects – Anti-depressant drugs • Tricyclics • MAO inhibitors • SSRIs – Prozac – Lithium • Bipolar disorder – Antipsychotic Drugs • Neuroleptics • Schizophrenia Biological Therapies, continued • Electroconvulsive Therapy – Shock therapy – Causes a brain seizure – Treat depression – Effectiveness – Side effects • Psychosurgery – Surgery on the brain – Rarely done Psychotherapies • Psychodynamic Therapies – Freud's Psychoanalysis • Free association • Catharsis • Dream analysis – Manifest content – Latent content • Resistance • Transference Psychotherapies, continued • Humanistic Approaches – Overview • Insight therapy • Defining humanistic therapies – Client-Centered therapy • • • • Carl Rogers Unconditional positive regard Genuineness Active listening – Gestalt Therapy • • • • Perl Self-awareness Role playing Setting examples Psychotherapies, continued • Behavior Therapies – Use principles of learning – Applications of classical conditioning • Systematic • Aversive – Applications of operant conditioning • Behavior modification Psychotherapies, continued • Cognitive Therapies – Overview • Cognition • Change feelings and behaviors – Rational-emotive behavior therapy • Albert Ellis • Eliminate self-defeating beliefs – Beck’s cognitive therapy • Open-ended dialogue • Thinking illogically – Cognitive-behavior therapy • Self instructional methods • Self efficacy Psychotherapies, continued • Integrative Therapy – Combination of techniques – Therapist’s judgment – Diverse therapies – Has grown dramatically – Found to be very effective – Concerns of professionals Sociocultural Approaches and Issues in Treatment • Overview – Context of a person’s life • Group Therapy – Uses many approaches – What makes it attractive? • • • • • • Information Universality Altruism Corrective recapitulation of the family group Development of social skills Interpersonal learning • Family and Couples Therapy Sociocultural Approaches, continued • Self-Help Support Groups – Sympathetic audience – Emotional release – Social support – Broad appeal – Reduce stress – Promote adjustment • Community Mental Health – Prevention Evaluating Therapy • Is Therapy Effective – Cognitive – Behavior – Relaxation • Common Themes in Effective Therapy – Positive emotions – Mastery and competence – Arouse emotions • Funding – Very expensive – Managed care • Criticisms Summary • • • • • • • • • • • • Drug Therapy Electroconvulsive Therapy Psychosurgery Psychodynamic Therapies Humanistic Approaches Behavior Therapies Cognitive Therapies Integrative Therapy Group Therapy Self-help Support Groups Community Mental Health The Effectiveness of Therapy ...
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