Running head: CRIMINAL JUSTICE
According to Kolivoski, Goodkind, & Shook, (2017), engagements of young people
usually between the ages of 10 to 17 years into criminal activities are known as juvenile
delinquency. It also refers to those children that demonstrate mischievousness or disobedience in
a persistent manner (Krisberg, 2018). On the other hand, the adult justice system is the trial of
the lawbreakers who have already attained the age of 18 years and above. Apprehending of the
juveniles has become a common phenomenon in pre-modern society. In the past four years, there
have been at least 6, 318 arrests in every 100, 000 youths between age 10 to 17. In 2010, the US
handled about 1.5 Million delinquency cases involving juveniles charged with illegal activities.
Studies indicate that more adolescents are being processed through the court system much more
compared to the extent to which other forms of crime are committed. The high rate of juvenile
appearances in the system has posed problems not only to parents and schools. It has also
affected the communities, and this has led to some of them be treated as adults by the criminal
Several studies have been previously carried out to try and research more juvenile and
adult justice systems. These studies have also investigated the scenarios to find out whether there
are instances when a juvenile should be treated by the system as an adult due to various reasons.
According to Hoffmann, (2015), the author begins by claiming that families are one of the most
influential forces in an individual's life as they sculpture the behavior of the child by cutting off
the unacceptable traits, delay gratification, and insist on the need to respect others in all ways and
most especially their rights (Hoffmann, 2015). On the contrary, the same families may end up
instilling aggressive, violent and antisocial behavior to the youngsters. Regarding adults, the
author states that family-based responsibilities may...