What's the solution to Wrongful Conviction discussion

timer Asked: Feb 20th, 2019
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Question Description

The focus of the capstone project is to solve a contemporary social and criminal justice issue through the application of information from a variety of related fields, which may include sociology, law, psychology, and ethics. In developing a proposed solution to a modern social and criminal justice issue, you are encouraged to use scholarly and primary sources, multimedia, and interviews with professionals in the field (if possible) to identify and devise a workable plan.

Topic: Wrongful Convictions

Thesis: Wrongful convictions has led to many innocent people who have spent years incarcerated. There are programs and reforms that can help with overturning these convictions, which will allow innocent people to be exonerated.


We have seen too often innocent people being wrongfully convicted for crimes they didn’t commit. In my opinion there’s not one thing that’s the determining factor in these wrongful convictions, however, just to name a few causes such as evidence being withheld (vital DNA), police corruption, and or unreliable witness testimony. Too many innocent people are currently incarcerated due to the negligence in the justice system.


With issues such as wrongful convictions I believe there needs to be more push for more innocence reforms. I feel as if videotaping not just the interrogations but from the initial moment the officer makes contact with the suspect, which would benefit both. I also think defense attorneys should be visiting the crime scenes and seeing what evidence was collected to be assist them in their cases. The defense and prosecuting attorneys should have the rights to interview witnesses from each side before they are presented in trial.

Within the Final Capstone Project, complete the following:

Identify a clear thesis statement to address your chosen criminal and social justice issue.

Summarize your chosen social and criminal justice issue.

  • Propose the resolution to the social and criminal justice issue.
  • Examine the operations of the criminal justice system as it relates to your chosen issue and resolution. This may include operations related to crime scene investigation techniques and security; the collection, preservation and presentation of evidence; and processes related to correctional institutions, incarceration, and release.
  • Analyze how the criminal and social justice theories (in relation to the United States Constitution) and landmark U.S. Supreme Court decisions impact your chosen issue and support your resolution.
  • Explain how social and criminal justice systems promote social equality and fairness for all and how this impacts your issue and resolution. Consider how poverty, racism, and religion apply to contemporary social and criminal justice.
  • Assess how the centralization of criminal justice agencies in the United States, The Patriot Act, the U.S. Homeland Security Act, and international aspects of social and criminal justice impact your issue and resolution.
  • Identify and describe at least two careers in criminal justice (existing or to-be-created) for agencies that may be involved in addressing the issue and resolution you have chosen.

The paper must be at least 20 pages in length, excluding title and reference pages, and formatted according to APA style. You must use at least ten scholarly resources.

Writing the Final Capstone Project
The Final Capstone Project:

  • Must be at least 20 double-spaced pages in length, and formatted according to APA style
  • Must include a title page with the following:
    • Title of paper
    • Student’s name
    • Course name and number
    • Instructor’s name
    • Date submitted
  • Must begin with an introductory paragraph that has a succinct thesis statement.
  • Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought.
  • Must end with a conclusion that reaffirms your thesis.
  • Must use at least ten scholarly resources
  • Must document all sources in APA style
  • Must include a separate reference page, formatted according to APA style

Tutor Answer

School: Boston College



Wrongful Convictions
Student Name
Due Date
Faculty Name


Wrongful Convictions Overview
Wrongful Convictions refers to the sentencing of an individual accused of wrongdoing
which, after consequent interrogation, demonstrates that the conviction was fallacious. It
involves people who are in reality not guilty but have been wrongly indicted by a jury or other
official courtroom. However, only a few out of every odd occurrence of false arrest might be the
reason for an unjust detainment claim, mainly since the laws concerning probable cause is
somewhat unclear (Jiang, 2016). Some innocent people have been wrongfully convicted over the
years. However, policy meditations can be an essential tool in averting future wrongful
Even though the reversal of a conviction dependent on consequent disculpatory proof has
continuously been a piece of criminal law, the emergence of DNA proof has given it great
powerful impact (Zalman, 2016). Before the arrival of DNA evidence, consequent proof,
however evident, was disregarded as commonly oral in nature or offered by an individual in
detention. Additionally, people indicted are not ordinarily in a position to sponsor costly forensic
or different investigations concerning their unjust sentencing. The United States has the highest
number of imprisonment cases with around 2 million individuals in detention. That implies an
unfair detention rate of 1 percent would mean 20,000 individuals convicted for offenses they
didn't commit.
An unjust conviction happens when a person is found liable of an offense then later
vindicated because of new proof of innocence that is discovered, and an individual is either
exonerated, or a court puts aside the sentence. Several wrongful convictions have ended up being
reversed by the judicial officers (He, 2016). At the point when an individual is acquitted, this is
regularly because of new proof that emerges, making it physically inconceivable for the

individual sentenced to have perpetrated the wrongdoing. Wrongful convictions are an issue both
in light of the fact that an entirely blameless individual is being convicted for a wrongdoing they
did not commit, and also because the real culprit is living carefree and therefore the unfortunate
victim, in this case, has suffered injustice, and the free culprit is also a danger to the society
(Loeffler, 2016). There are no exact figures of an improper conviction because only a few of
wrongful conviction victims are pardoned.
A wrongful conviction affects both the individual and their family as well. Some of the
negative impacts that a wrongful conviction can impose on an individual may incorporate torn
family relationships, harmed physical wellbeing, psychological trauma, damaged personal
reputation among other effects (Kennedy, 2016). As the matter of wrongful convictions has
obtained more recognition by the media and society, associations, for example, the Innocence
Project and Witness to Innocence have been created to aid in vindicated the involved victims.
As more honest people are absolved and scientists study the reasons for wrongful
convictions, criminal justice rehearses have been modified to decrease the cases of wrongful
convictions, even though reforms differ in a significant way generally in extension and substance
all through the country (He, 2016). In spite of vulnerability about the genuine rate of wrongful
convictions, there is more information on exemptions occurrences where the mistaken opinion of
honest people has been distinguished and reversed. No doubt, such incidents speak to just the
glimpse of a more significant problem of a significantly more profoundly imperfect justice
Even though absolutions are a deficient and likely unrepresentative example of instances
of the unjust conviction of innocent respondents, they give a strategy into where and how the
criminal equity framework can glitch, from the further probe through the arbitration procedure

(Zalman, Larson & Smith, 2015). They portray that mistakes can happen both at lawsuits and
using plea bargaining and that various components are regular fits of and supporters of wrongful
convictions. This standard rundown incorporates eyewitness misidentification.
Leading Factors to Wrongful Convictions
Some ordinary factors lead to wrongful convictions, for example, misconception of an
eyewitness, refuted or ill-advised forensic science, questionable declaration, untrue admissions,
carelessness, government and unfortunate prosecutorial behavior, concealment of exculpatory
proof, and ineffectual lawyering (Zalman, 2016). DNA vindication cases have given evident
confirmation that wrongful convictions are not secluded or on the other hand different occasions,
they, however, emerge from foundational faults that can be distinguished and tended to.
Eyewitness Misidentification is the leading cause of wrongful convictions taking up to
three-quarters of the post-conviction DNA exemption occurrences in the United States. Close to
half of the eyewitness identifications entail a cross-racial recognizable proof. Research has
demonstrated that most individuals are less proficient in perceiving faces of a different race to
their own (Loeffler, 2016). These proposed changes are grasped by piloting criminal justice
associations and have been embraced in most states in the United States.
Invalidated or Improper Forensic Science has resulted in roughly half of the wrongful
convictions in the united states which have later been revoked by DNA testing. While DNA
testing was created through extensive logical research at best research institutions, numerous
other forensic methods–, for example, hair microscopy, gun mark investigation, shoe print
examinations and bite mark analysis – are yet to be exposed to thorough, logical assessment.
However, crime scene investigation systems that have been appropriately approved –, for
example, serology are once in a while inappropriately led or erroneously passed on in the

preliminary declaration. In other unjust conviction cases, legal researchers have participated in
some offenses.
False confessions and implicating explanations lead to wrongful convictions in roughly
one-quarter of cases. In a considerable percentage of false confession or affirmation cases, the
respondent is usually underage or not more than 18 years old and may have a developmental
disability. Some of the DNA acquitted individuals may take the blame for offenses they did not
commit (Kennedy, 2016). The Innocence Project urges police offices to electronically document
every single custodial cross-examination entirely to forestall pressure and to give a precise
record of the procedures. A good number of jurisdictions have deliberately embraced
arrangements to record cross-examinations (Leo, 2016). State superior courts have made a move
in several states among them Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and New Jersey among others.
Some other states like the District of Columbia need the taping of cross-examinations in murder
Snitches add up to wrongful convictions though in only a smaller percentage of cases. At
whatever point a snitch declaration is utilized, the Innocence Project suggests that the judge
educate the jury that most snitch declaration is questionable as it might be given with
expectations for other arrangements, exceptional treatment, or the dropping of accusations
(Loeffler, 2016). The prosecuting officer ought to additionally uncover any motivating force the
snitch may get, and all correspondence among the prosecuting officers and the snitch ought to be
recorded. Some wrongful convictions that were later reversed by DNA testing were caused to a
limited extent by snitch declaration.

Interrogation Techniques used by Investigators

An interrogation assumes a vital part amid an investigation. Comprehending the
distinction between cross-examination and an interview is imperative. An interview is to a
greater degree is a discussion about wrongdoing to accumulate extra introductory data, and the
individual isn't in detention (Zalman, Larson & Smith, 2015). An interview is generally directed
with an observer or victim that has details about the offense. An interrogation, on the other hand,
is led with an accused person when the detective has explicit information that the individual
being re...

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Good stuff. Would use again.

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