Running head: RESIDENTIAL SEGREGATION AND NEIGHBORHOOD CONDITIONS
Residential Segregation and Neighborhood Conditions in U.S. Metropolitan Areas
RESIDENTIAL SEGREGATION AND NEIGHBORHOOD CONDITIONS
Massey (1985) states that racial and ethnic segregation is important to people because of
its close connection to spatial positions in society and the socioeconomic wellbeing. Uneven
distribution of opportunities and resources results in some zones having better services, higher
home values, safe streets, and uplifting peer environments than other neighborhoods. As
individuals and households improve socioeconomically, they relocate to access these benefits,
converting past socioeconomic achievement into better-quality housing circumstances. This
social mobility allows people to access resources in these affluent neighborhoods. The spatial
assimilation theory proposes that, over time, immigrants will relocate to other kinds of
residential houses and neighborhoods. Therefore, racial and ethnic segregation occurs to separate
the rapid rate of commercial stability and the low level of in-migration that tends to be more
assimilated (Massey, 1985).
The housing audit was conducted to assess the difference in the treatment of Black and
White home seekers. Groups of White and African-American auditors joined up and selected
realtors indiscriminately to pose as home seekers looking for an apartment or a house. These
auditors expressed similar tastes in housing needs and family characteristics (Massey, 1985).
After the investigation, each auditor filled a comprehensive report about their experiences and
tabulated the results to compare and determine the level and nature of discrimination. The audit
report revealed that Black home seekers in the metropolitan Boston and Denver had between 3859% probabilities of getting unfavorable treatment...