The behavioral theories of leadership discussion questions

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The word file contain 3 short essays with a question per essay. Please read it first and then answer it with 100 - 120 words.

Essay 1: Leadership is changing today and the theory that would have applied 20 years ago cannot be used today with millennium unless it is modified. There are many concerns in modern workplaces like managing competitive workers, dealing with uncertainty, changing trends among others (Cohen, 2010). The great man theory has been used for a while, leaders were known to be born, and certain people were known to possess leadership skills and traits. People of a certain class were considered for leadership while those of the lower class were never thought to ascend to any position of prominence. In the present world, this theory still works in different places especially companies and organizations that are owned by families. However, in the current world, this leadership might not apply to the millennium for many reasons. The world is in the information age where everything is determined by technology. Great man theory is centered on certain people who are very few possessing the skills that are useful in leadership. However, today there are many things that technology has made possible. For example, people are learning skills to use in certain situations like emergencies. Such cannot be achieved from the great man theory since situations are different and need different skills most of which are taught and not inherited. Additionally leadership requires one to have knowledge of people from different backgrounds (Hughes, 2015). For example a leader who is culturally knowledgeable. By dwelling on the traits that one acquired at birth or by belonging to a certain class, one cannot fully serve the responsibilities of a leader. The theory does not solve problems that are brought about by situations. Additionally, information technology has made it possible for people to share information which makes leadership easy. How might you contrast the Great Man theory to behavioral theories of leadership? Essay 2: The Path-Goal Theory I started my civilian career in 1991, and in my interview one of the questions asked was what are your long-term goals? My response was I wanted to be in management, well I got the job and the first thing my manager did was she sat side by side with me and helped me set up my career path and showed me how to get into the management training program. Although I was appreciative of her assistance in helping me to develop my career path, I had no idea at the time she was displaying a leadership behavior in the pathgoal theory called supportive leadership, this behavior includes courteous and friendly interactions, expressing genuine concern for the followers’ well-being and individual needs, and remaining open and approachable to followers.(Hughes, 2015) Our text has different leadership theories, and the theory that I selected was the path-goal theory which deals with expectancy—a cognitive approach to understanding motivation where people calculate effort-to-performance probabilities, performance-to-outcome probabilities, and assigned valences or values of outcomes.("Path-Goal Theory of Leadership", 2019) The path-goal theory wouldn’t work in todays’ society because technology has changed organizations, and businesses today are all about making them more efficient and effective. If you want to facilitate career planning and management discussions technology is used to develop conversations between your manager and the employee through performance review forms which are now automated. This theory does not work with technology it is more effective by selecting a leadership behavior appropriate to situational demands. Have you ever used the path-goal theory at work or at school? Essay 3: Select ONE leadership theory introduced in your text and write a one page critique explaining why the selected theory DOES NOT work in the new millennium. In other words, what current technological, social/cultural, or political factors challenge the concept and make this theory difficult to adopt in the workplace. Post your response in your respective forum and comment on two peer postings. Place the title of your selected theory in the subject line of your post. Participate within your assigned team. Todays advancements and technology have changed how the world goes around. Even today things are very different from what happened yesterday. Working for UPS has really opened my eyes on how much things have changed from technology and new innovations. How the company can get a package from across the world to your front door in 1 day is incredible and a lot of credit must be given to the technology that surrounds us today. With that being said, I believe that the trait theory is not exactly true to what it was in the 20th century. Thomas Carlyle said “history is shaped by extraordinary leaders, and that the ability to lead was something you inherited at birth and not something that could be developed”. Although I don’t 100% disagree with this statement and the Trait theory I don’t think that today your are “Born” a leader. With the technology in todays world we have so many things that can help mold and create leaders in our world. Our education since the 20th century has been advanced by far and can really help with new and upcoming leaders. Carlyle’s statements about someone being an “introvert” cant be a leader is no longer valid in our day in age. For example, Years ago, leaders did not have our technology so holding meetings were strictly held in person live. Today we have things like Skype, Zoom, and conference calls where you don’t have to physically be at a meeting and standing/speaking in front of a crowd. I believe this is why Carlyle thought that only extroverts were leaders. Today Introverts can get on a conference call and not have to worry about standing up in front of 20 people. The technology we have is helping people become leaders instead of being born one. I do believe that some people are born with certain leadership traits but I also feel as some of these traits can be taught and learned be people that were not born with them. Many of the physical traits that Carlyle believed were “leader traits” were those of men. Today we have more women leaders than ever before. There are many women that don’t have these specific traits that hold roles in leadership positions and are very well respected. While individuals are not necessarily born leaders, do you think that leaders possess common traits. If so, what traits do you think are common to leaders?

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School: UIUC

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OUTLINE

1. INTRODUCTION
2. BODY
3. CONCLUSION
4. REFERENCE


Running Head: ECONOMICS

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Essay1: The contrast of the behavioral theories of leadership to Great Man theory
According to the tandems of the Great Man theory, they hold that the probable leadershiporiented traits of an individual are in-built. In other words, this theory expounds that to arrive at
an appropriate answer is that leaders are born rather than made. The Great Man theory propels the
intuition that when regarding one as a remarkable leader, the attributes such as education along
with experiences are factors which do not have a significant influence on a person, they aid
mo...

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