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Running Head: PRINCIPLES OF CORRECTIONS
Principles of Corrections
PRINCIPLES OF CORRECTIONS
1. The Process of Criminal Justice
The process of criminal justice in the United States contains several steps that start with a
criminal investigation and ends with the release of the offender from correctional supervision.
Most importantly, however, it should be noted that rules and decision making are central to the
whole process. Firstly, a criminal offense will trigger an investigation, which helps the police
gather enough evidence and facts necessary for the identification and arrest of the suspect, as
well as subsequent court cases and trials. Once the investigation yields substantial, evidence, the
suspect is the arrested which implies the taking of a person into police custody to hold them until
they are ready for court (Morenoff & Harding, 2014).
The prosecution then follows, where prosecutors weigh in on several factors that help
decide the weight of the crime. These include the district attorney determining the strength of the
evidence and seriousness of the offense. The filing of information then follows this by a
prosecutor or Indictment by a grand jury. The indictment is necessary while prosecuting capital
offense. This step involves confirming whether a case is worth a trial or not. The suspect is then
arraigned in court where he or she enters a plea. The common pleas include guilty or not guilty.
Arraignment is then followed by pretrial detention or bail, where the individual is
temporarily held in custody before a trial or set free on bail, provided they show up in court for a
hearing. Plea bargaining between the prosecutor and the defense attorney then follows. The
defendant may agree to plead guilty to have reduced charges or sentences. Trial or the
adjudication of guilt is held before a judge or jury, with prosecutors and defense attorney present.
Here, the standard of evidence is analyzed to determine that the guilt is beyond a reasonable
doubt. However, doubt based on reason will see an individual acquitted.
PRINCIPLES OF CORRECTIONS
The last three final steps in the criminal justice process include sentencing, appeals, and
punishment. The sentencing is carried out by a judge who metes out a sentence. This includes
possible fines, probation, poor a period of incarceration in a correctional facility. However, the
judge may combine any of the penalties available. A defendant may then file an appeal at the
appellate court, where if successful, the court returns to the trial court for retrial. The prosecutor
may decide to go along with the case or drop it, although the individual may be charged later,
provided such action meets the required regulations. At the punishment stage, the individual is
held in a correctional facility such as jail or prison, until his or her rehabil...