American & Japanese Architecture and Crafts Influence Comparison Paper

timer Asked: Feb 24th, 2019
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Question Description

short response (20-50 words depends on the ques) to 30 American architecture questions.

here are the ques:

-the Amer Radiator Bldg and Chicago Tribune Bldg: both built same decade, both are tall office bldgs. What else do they have in common, and how do they differ? Focus on the significant pts of comparison.

-who was Gustav Stickley, and why was he important? What was his major contribution to the development of American architecture?

-the Arts & Crafts movement: what was it, & why was it important? what did Frank Lloyd Wright learn from it? How was he influenced by it?

-in what ways was American architecture in the late 19th/early 20th c. influenced by the Japanese?

-how did that Japanese influence compare to the influence a decade or so later of the Art Déco emanating from Paris in the mid-1920s?

-how did the Art Déco, derived from the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes, differ from the Beaux-Arts influence, also from Paris?

-why was the Chicago Tribune competition in 1922 significant?

-why was the 1925 Paris Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes important? What

effect did it have on American architecture?

-what was the main concept of Wright's Broadacre City? What was his main idea?

-how does it compare to later (post-war) suburban developments? What fundamental notions do they have in common; how do they differ?

-what was the Prairie House, and how did it get its name? what were its main characteristics?

-how does the Usonian house of the 1930s compare to the Prairie house of the 1900s?

-What do the Robie House and Falling Water have in common? -what are some of their principal differences?

-how was European Modernism (or the "International Style") introduced into the U.S.?

-where do Richard Neutra and Schindler fit into the narrative here?

-why did Miesian Modernism (European Modernism, or the "International Style") hold such appeal for large

corporate clients in the postwar period?

-why were regional shopping centers so popular in the postwar era (a popularity that continues today)?

-what was or is the regional shopping center? How would you describe it? How would you account for its sudden appearance in the postwar years? (repit: How does the building look, and why does it look that way?)

-what provoked or triggered the boom in church building in the postwar years?

-what were the advantages of working in thin shell concrete vs the Miesian approach of simplified, rationalized

structure? The disadvantages?

-What is a Case Study House?

-What was the appeal of Case Study Houses?

-how does the Case Study House differ from a bungalow (and more specifically, the "California" bungalow)?

-more specifically, compare the Gamble House of Greene & Greenein Pasadena to the Eames House in the Pacific Palisades: their commonalities? Differences?

-what's a bungalow? What's the California bungalow?

-what were some of the advantages of the War especially to the building industry?

-what were the disadvantages, especially to architects?

-who was JohnEntenza, and why was he important?

-why would it be unlikely to find a Drive-In restaurant that was built in 1943?

-what were some of the postwar social/economic/cultural conditions fostering the developmnt of the Drive-In?

-Why was California particularly receptive to new ideas such as the Arts & Crafts and Japanese influence?

-what were some of the principal differences between the pre- and postwar skyscraper/tall office bldg?

Tutor Answer

School: Duke University



American Architecture:
Student’s Name:
Instructor’s Name:




A: Both buildings have the same gothic design and the corresponding entry designs. The
American radiator building is painted black(coal) and gold(fire) while the Chicago building has
decorations on the walls from historical monuments and also Benjamin Franklin quotes carved
on the walls.
A: Japanese architecture designs feature like horizontally plain walls, visible and framed
structure, the presence of wood in the walls, interconnection of buildings and gardens and roof
extended over the fence and curved upwards over the corner were used in American structures
such as Phoenix hall.
A: Japan art decoration was characterized by natural forms, circular designs, use of clean straight
line, use of understated color schemes and subdued textures. These features were later used,
French people.
A: Beaux-arts was characterized by, a column filled stone base, rounded glass and metal roof and
a big atrium. While the other was described by one-story buildings, corner windows, flat
rooftops and smooth wall finish.
A: It was organized with the intention of building the most beautiful office buildings in the
world. It involved competition among architects from all over the world.
A: it was organized to show the world that the French would once again lead in evolving a new
international style. Some of the industries in America adopted the designs.



A: it is an urban and suburban development plan where the structures are ought to be organic and
in harmony with the environment. The main idea was to develop a continuous metropolitan area
with a low population density.
A: Both Broadacre city and post-war suburban developments involved decentralizing the town.
However, Broadcare city was much concerne...

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