CSU Interviews and Interrogations IP 2: Memorandum to File

timer Asked: Feb 24th, 2019
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Question Description

For this question, you are to consider yourself a police detective. You are about to be engaged in a very stressful situation. The following are the facts:

  • You and your partner are working the afternoon shift and are at your duty station—the detective bureau—when you receive a call from the communications center.
  • Uniformed police officers on the crime scene have requested that a missing person's investigator respond for a critical missing person's case. You ask the communications officer on the phone for any additional facts, and all she knows is that it is a child missing from her home.
  • As you leave the detective bureau to respond to the scene, you ask for the juvenile detective working your shift to accompany you.
  • As you respond to the scene, you learn via police radio that the missing child is a female, age 11. She did not return home from school.
  • You arrive at the residential neighborhood of individual houses and are greeted by the first officers on the scene. They brief you on what they know.
    • First, they announce that the missing child is the daughter of a police lieutenant from your agency.
    • Next, they have learned from the school that the child never arrived at school that day.
    • Neighbors, volunteer firefighters, and uniformed police are gathering to begin searching the adjacent wooded area for the missing child.
  • You ask several uniformed officers to begin conducting neighborhood interviews to see if anyone saw anything during the morning as the child left for school. Quickly, an officer identifies a neighbor returning home from work who provides information.
  • As the neighbor left for work, he observed an adult subject walking behind the missing child on the sidewalk. This neighbor did not recognize this adult male as being from the neighborhood, but he provides you with a physical description of the individual.
  • By narrowing the scope of the investigation by focusing on a handful of neighbors, you are able to locate a family that has had a visiting family member from a nearby city. Now, the focus of the investigation has narrowed on locating and speaking with this subject, whose name is Sam.
  • You learn that Sam is returning to his home in the nearby city by transit bus in a few hours. As the primary investigator on the case, you decide to meet the bus and to bring Sam to the detective bureau for an interrogation.

You must remember that your actions will be carefully reviewed at the time of trial. Everything that you do must meet the standards of the U.S. Supreme Court. As this investigation continues and as you meet the subject at the bus station, consider how you will approach him to obtain information on this investigation. Remember, as you conduct an interview or interrogation at the detective bureau, your goal is to determine what happened to the missing child. If you are not careful with your questions, your interview can become accusatory.

In reference to the scenario above: As you engage the subject (Sam) in discussion of more general questions surrounding the disappearance of the child at the detective bureau, you ask general questions of Sam's actions during the morning hours. At this point, you continue to become suspicious of Sam's vague answers and denials.

Write a memorandum from your notes to the file, detailing your suspicion of the subject under questioning. Include the following:

  • His vague answers and initial denial of knowing the missing child
  • His reluctance to fully cooperate with you during the questioning
  • How you would convince him to reveal more information about this case
    • Will you reveal evidence in the case? Explain.
    • Will you utilize open or closed questioning? Why?

In this assignment, include your understanding of physiological and psychological aspects of interviews and interrogations (check attached for a reference). Memorandum to the file of 600-800 words.

Neuro-Linguistic Technique Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP) is the study of excellent communication–both with yourself, and with others. The techniques and tools within NLP act as a user’s manual for the brain, and can help you as an interviewer or interrogator to become fluent in the language of your mind and the mind of your subject or interviewee (NLP?, 2015). It does not aim to change people, but to generate more choices to reach a desired outcome by enriching our dimensions of thinking. And unlike traditional psychology studies, which contain a huge collection of removed scientific theorem, NLP can be seen simply as a set of guiding principles and practical techniques about real-life behavior (Yu-Ching, n.d.). It can, also, be used to align yourself as an interviewer or interrogator with the mind set of the interviewee. Using similar words, cadence and tone can help build a rapport and build a conversation to get answers. Some examples of successful NLP can be seen when a detective attempts to establish proper communication with a witness. In one scenario, a witness to a drive-by shooting sits leaning forward in a chair with her head in her hands. A detective in this situation knows that he/she needs to match the witness’ nonverbal behavior, or kinesics, by sitting down and leaning forward. When the witness begins to talk, they would listen carefully to her words and intentionally use similar language. They also should pay close attention to how she talks and match her paralanguage (speech rate, volume, and pitch). By doing all of the above, the detective builds rapport with the witness and, hence, increases his or her chances of gathering pertinent information during the interview (Sandoval, Adams, 2001). Another scenario involves a frustrated woman in a domestic dispute case. "Everyday, I can only see my husband's dark face and I dare not look at him...He never observes my goodness and I can't see any future for our family," said a frustrated woman in a domestic dispute case. "I see you really wish your husband could observe your goodness and highlight your efforts", the beat PC replied in a similar tone as he sat beside the woman. "Look at the family picture on your shelf, can't you remember the beautiful days with your husband?" After this brief conversation, the woman felt enlightened and relieved and the PC gained her cooperation and could look into what had just happened (Yu-Ching, n.d.). In this situation, as with the one before, the detective aligns themselves with the witnesses word choice, tone and cadence to help get pertinent information without further upsetting a delicate situation. The detective specifically used the commonality in word choice to appeal to the witness and gain a better footing in the conversation to come. References What is NLP? (2015). Retrieved from http://www.nlp.com/what-is-nlp/ Yu-Ching, Alex Lam (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.police.gov.hk/offbeat/869/eng/n17.htm Sandoval, V. A., & Adams, S. H. (2001, August). Subtle skills for building rapport: Using neuro-linguistic programming in the interview room. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, August 2001. Retrieved from http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/fbi/nlp_interviewing.htm

Tutor Answer

School: UIUC




Memorandum to File


Memorandum to File

To: Reports Department
From: (Name)
Subject: Sam’s Interview Report
Following the report of a missing child, Sam was found to have been linked to the
missing child. Sam was approached at the bus station where he was arriving from a family visit
to the missing girl's home. At the bus station, there is a formal introduction of myself and I
present my identification. I ask his permission to ask him some questions regarding the missing
child. The objective of the interview is to obtain an account of Sam’s movement during the time
of disappearance of the child and get relevant extracts from the witness that could assist in the
investigation. Sam...

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