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The beliefs of Judaism are encapsulated in its holy texts, notably the Tanakh. Christianity similarly draws its beliefs from the Tanakh, which it calls the Old Testament, as well as from the New Testament, which includes texts about the life and teachings of Jesus. Whereas Judaism is non-hierarchical in the sense that it ascribes equal attention to all of the prophets and recognizes no other temporal human authorities.
Christianity is founded on the belief that Jesus, the son of God, is the Messiah who brought the final word of God, while certain branches of Christianity do recognize temporal religious authorities, such as the role of the pope in Catholicism.
Christianity includes the religious narratives of Judaism, while introducing Jesus Christ, who is strictly a historical figure in Judaism, as a focal point of worship. Since crucial moments in the life of Jesus unfolded in Jerusalem, this city is a holy site for Christians, as it also is for Jews and Muslims.
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