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Need a reply to the following two discussion board post. Reply has to be 250-300 words. Reference at least 1 source in the discussion board post Discussion Board 1 please reply to Courtney, Before reading the material for this week, I was unaware of the many possible complications that can arise within the therapeutic relationship because of differing cultures between counselor and client. Although I would like to think that ethnicity, race, and socioeconomic backgrounds don’t affect the outcome of counseling services, this week’s slide presentations present the truth that it is fallen man’s sin nature to be judgmental and ethnocentric. Hays and Erford (2014) reference how counselors are not always empathetic toward their client’s worldview and how it shapes the client’s perspectives on life. Unfortunately some counselors can have cultural encapsulation by “evaluating other cultures using one’s own culture as a standard of normality” (Hays & Erford, 2014, p.6). It was interesting to hear the stories and backgrounds of both Mike and Mark. Being Caucasian and living in a part of the country with a high Latino population, I could identify and relate to Mark’s childhood experiences. As it goes against the literature and what are considered to be “cultural norms,” I found it ironic to hear that Mike grew up in a home with strong male figures who taught Christian values of faith and family, while Mark was raised in a single parent home with no male figure or cultural values. Both men are similar in that they lived and went to school in integrated areas where they had friendships with children of other ethnicities. Mike and Mark both worked hard to accomplish the things they have without having anything handed to them. It’s obvious that Mike had some huge hurdles and hardships to overcome with the suicide of his father and the lack of counseling services available for his family within his community. This trauma, along with his faith, seemed to lead him to have a passion for counseling and providing services to families from low socioeconomic communities. Mark’s experiences of reverse racism taught him that making judgments about a person based on ethnicity, before getting to know them, is a cross-cultural problem. This keeps defensive walls up that don’t allow us to truly relate to each other and learn about each other as unique individuals. Looking at Mike’s experience from a Biblical perspective, I see the monumental impact that having the gospel poured into him from a young age had on his worldview, his goals, and his desires that God placed on his heart. Mike is yet another example of how God can use anyone’s circumstances to speak truth and break down barriers. Mike had every reason in the world to be bitter, angry, and defensive, but through the Holy Spirit, he was able to use all of his past to help others heal and succeed. Mark was able to see past race and color from the time he was a child because of fellowship. The Bible tells us to live in fellowship with one another, sharing each others’ burdens, joys, weaknesses, and hurts. This is how we love one another. You can’t love and not care. Like Mark said, the more time he spent just living life with people of different backgrounds from his own, the more appreciation he had for the differences and commonalities he found between himself and his friends. References Hays, D. G., & Erford, B. T. (2014). Developing multicultural counseling competence: A systems approach (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Pearson. Discussion Board 2 please reply to Kelsey To a degree, Mike and Mark are very similar. They are both males in higher education courses, working to better society through their work with others. However, the two had very different upbringings which many could attribute solely to the color of their skin. Mike’s experience in growing up as a black male is one mixed with close families, corrupt systems, and stereotypes. In his interview, Mike expressed how even though black families are notably close, fathers and other absent family members have an excuse not to “show up” because single mothers and their children would receive greater benefits in their absence. He also reflected on times where he has been singled out because of his size and color as an adult, and how even when he was in the second grade he heard his teacher use racial remarks in reference to him and other black students in his class. Even in this, Mike chose to be resilient. In his closing remarks, he noted that an individual is not who they are because of their ethnicity, but they are who they are because of their circumstances. Mark led a different life as a white male. He remembers growing up in a Filipino community, however there were little African Americans that he could get to know. Because of his skin, he was regarded by others as “privileged” even though he and his family had a low income and he had to work for everything he had. Whether it was a basketball scholarship, or working multiple jobs to pay bills, the two men both worked to get to where they were in the PhD program. They refused to let what others said about them bring them down and allow them to live out their lives in the way they were stereotyped to, and both used their faith in God to guide their actions along the way. Working beyond other’s perceptions, the two rose from their situations and are now learning in a higher education setting. The specific ways they were stereotyped were completely different, and these interviews displayed that no one is beyond the judgment they face as a result of others perceptions. I believe that the contact hypothesis, as stated in the clips, would help in lessening or eliminating the stereotypes we all face. Some environments, as Mark clarified, do not allow for multicultural contact, however this is still no excuse. I believe that with enough intentional effort, all races can work to give each other an appreciation for different cultures, rather than solidify false negative and preconceived notions. Genesis 1:27 reminds Christians that God created man in His image. I believe this verse is why Mike and Mark were both able to, as Christians, rise above their circumstances and not give into the stereotypes of each of their races. Both are extremely thankful for where they have come from and where they are going, and take time to interact with others from different races because they know that all humans on this earth are children of the Lord God. Individuals created in God’s image are perfectly created, as God Himself is perfect. With this in mind, it is easier to brush off stereotypes and “fear” or “judgment” for other races. In the end, we have one job to do; and that is to make disciples of all nations regardless of race or background. References Garzon, F.with Mike Anderson. (2010). Presentation: A Black Experience. Liberty University. Garzon, F.with Mark Myers. (2010B). Presentation: A White Experience. Liberty University.
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