MN551 PUGlobal Control And Management Of Asthma Discussion


Question Description

Evaluate the presence and effects of alteration in the homeostatic state secondary to gender, genetic, ethnic and temporal variables

Select one of the case studies below, and include in your discussion an evaluation of the presence and effects of alteration in the homeostatic state secondary to gender, genetic, ethnic, and temporal variables.


  • Make sure all of the topics in the case study have been addressed.
  • Cite at least three sources; journal articles, textbooks or evidenced-based websites to support the content.
  • All sources must be within 5 years.
  • Do not use .com, Wikipedia, or up-to-date, etc., for your sources.

Case Study 3

Disorders of Ventilation and Gas Exchange

Emmanuel and his mother live in an urban community housing complex. The building is worn down and dirty from the urban dust, cockroaches, and mold. Emmanuel is five years of age and has suffered from asthma for the last two years. One evening, his mother poured him some milk and put him to bed. Shortly afterward, Emmanuel woke up wheezing and coughing. As he gasped for air, he became more and more anxious. His mother ran for his inhaler, but he was too upset and restless to use it. Emmanuel’s skin became moist with sweat, and as he began to tire, his wheezing became quieter. His mother called 911 and waited anxiously for the ambulance to arrive.

  • Emmanuel uses a corticosteroid inhaler for the management of his asthma. What is the mechanism of action of this drug? How is its action different from the β2-agonist inhalants?
  • Why does someone with severe asthma become physically fatigued during a prolonged attack? What are the physiological events that occur during an attack?
  • One of the complications of respiratory fatigue is the development of hypercapnia. How does the body compensate for an increase in CO2? What are the effects of hypercapnia on the central nervous system?

Assignment Requirements:

Before finalizing your work, you should:

  • Ensure you have written at least four double-spaced pages.
  • be sure to read the Assignment description carefully (as displayed above);
  • consult the Grading Rubric (under the Course Resources) to make sure you have included everything necessary; and
  • utilize spelling and grammar check to minimize errors.
  • follow the conventions of Standard American English (correct grammar, punctuation, etc.);
  • be well ordered, logical, and unified, as well as original and insightful;
  • display superior content, organization, style, and mechanics; and
  • use APA 6th Edition format.

Tutor Answer

School: UIUC


Running head: OUTLINE




Mechanism of action of a corticosteroid inhaler
The difference of corticosteroid inhaler action and the β2-agonist inhalants
Causes of severe fatigue for an asthmatic person during a prolonged attack
The physiological events that occur during asthmatic attack
Complications of respiratory fatigue are the development of hypercapnia
Ways through which the body compensate for an increase in CO2
The effects of hypercapnia on the central nervous system


Control and Management of Asthma




Control and Management of Asthma
Health is vital to every person as it impacts an individual’s quality of life and
productivity. Thus, health is among the essential human requirements. Illnesses adversely
impact the ideal functioning of the human body and are linked to distinct triggers that have
differing and controlled symptoms, which are dealt with differently. One of such diseases is
asthma. This disease affects the human’s health adversely and needs instant attention.
Certainly, Asthma attacks triggers happens now and then (Price, Fletcher & Van Der Molen,
2014). In most cases, a person who has asthma uses inhalants to assist in breathing; otherwise,
the patient can succumb to death within a short time.
Precisely, this condition is caused by a variety of factors that are considered to convey
asthma cause allergens such as polluted air and chemical fumes, strong odours, and
medications like aspirin. Further, stresses and extreme weather conditions are as well
considered as triggers of asthma. This adverse condition manifests itself in various ways.
Some of these symptoms include shortness of breath, chest pain and tightness, wheezing, and
coughing. For severe instances, the symptoms are enhanced challenges in breathing, the
increased concerns of the signs and symptoms, as well as the elevated urge and quest to utilize
the inhaler most of the time. This shows that the condition is worsening or have reached a
dangerous level (Usmani, 2014). The stated signs and symptoms have differences from one
individual to the other. Generally, the asthma condition impacts the respiratory system,
specifically, the lungs, as well as the pathways leading to challenges in breathing.



1. Emmanuel uses a corticosteroid inhaler for the management of his asthma. What
is the mechanism of action of this drug? How is its action different from the β2agonist inhalants?
Doubtlessly, there is an availability of a broad range of drugs meant to prevent, control
and cure asthmatic conditions. The most known drug appropriate for treating asthma includes
corticosteroid, Omalizumab, theophylline, β2-agonist and formoterol-mometasone. These
medicines are not applied the same way, either for short haul reasons or long haul purposes in
case of serious attacks. Moreover, the administering of particular medications either on short
or long haul purposes has differing health implications on the patient (Ierodiakonou et al.,
2016). Certainly, the administering of specific medicine on the wrong timing poses adverse
side impacts on the user and might deteriorate the condition rather than curing.
Subsequently, the corticosteroid inhaler is very imperative and effective in dealing
with this condition. Its use is considerably useful mostly when tackling the acute asthma
cases. This suggests that when the causes of asthma arise, the victim ought to rush for
corticosteroid inhaler to assist them in breathing. This medicine performs best in acute asthma
condition to promote quick recovery (Ierodiakonou et al., 2016). The medicine primarily
minimizes the inflammation in the air pathway, and eliminates the obstacles within the
breathing systems and declines the production rate of mucus...

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