Short Answer Questions:
1. House Beautiful magazine stated that the country’s most powerful weapon in the Cold War was “the freedom offered by washing machines and dishwashers, vacuum cleaners, automobiles, and refrigerators.” Analyze this statement, explaining how consumerism was used in the 1950s to combat the Cold War. Is consumerism used today as a tool of American foreign policy?
2. Thinking back to previous chapters, analyze the validity of Franklin Roosevelt’s statement that to be an American had always been a “matter of mind and heart” and “never. . .a matter of race or ancestry.” Your answer should include a discussion about blacks and immigrants, including Asians, Irish, Germans, Mexicans and new immigrants.
3. Explain the relationship between labor and the government during the war. Be sure to discuss strikes, company owners, federal legislation, and minorities in your essay. Did the war help the labor movement? Why, or why not?
4. Eric Foner wrote that “the language with which World War II was fought helped to lay the foundation for postwar ideals of human rights that extend to all mankind.” Do you agree with that statement? Why, or why not?
5. World War II opened up doors of opportunity for change for American minorities that no event before it had, save for the Civil War. This was especially true for Indians, Mexican-Americans, and Asian-Americans. Each group served in the armed forces. Many took advantage of the GI Bill after the war. Write an essay fully discussing how World War II and the language of freedom and democracy helped to create opportunities for each group, and document the obstacles that still stood in the way of full success for these groups.
6. Explain why, at first glance, the cooperation between the New Left and the civil rights movement seemed an unlikely combination. Then describe what basic assumptions the two movements shared to make their partnership successful. Be sure to utilize the “Voices of Freedom” excerpt.
7. During the 1960s, the United States had become a more open, more tolerant—in a word, freer—country. Defend or refute that statement.
8. 1968 was a turbulent year. Describe the events of 1968, both domestically and globally, and their significance in both the civil rights movement and the antiwar movement.
9. Compare Lyndon Johnson’s Great Society with Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal. Be sure to discuss how the Great Society was a response to prosperity, unlike the New Deal, which was a response to depression.
10. Analyze the success of Reagan’s administration in both domestic and foreign policy. Explain why he left office popular with the public, despite leaving behind an enormous national debt.
11. Oliver North
Sandra Day O’Conner
A. scandals of the 1988 election
B. Strategic Defense Initiative
C. Supreme Court chief justice
D. Camp David Accords
E. Iran-Contra affair
F. first woman appointed on the Supreme Court
G. Reagan’s vice president
H. supporter of the Family Assistance Plan
I. Soviet leader
J. national security advisor
K. vice presidential candidate
L. leader of the Moral Majority
12. Thurgood Marshall
Ho Chi Minh
John F. Kennedy
C. Wright Mills
A. Vietnamese leader
B. Beat poet
C. McDonald’s franchisee
D. builder of suburbia
E. The Lonely Crowd
F. NAACP lawyer
G. Radio and TV preacher
H. chief justice of the Supreme Court
I. Catholic presidential candidate
J. Eisenhower’s vice president
K. “the power elite”
L. Little Rock Central High School