Grand Canyon Tuberculosis Epidemiology Communicable Disease Paper

Grand Canyon University

Question Description

I’m trying to learn for my Health & Medical class and I’m stuck. Can you help?

Write a APA paper (2,000-2,500 words) in which you apply the concepts of epidemiology and nursing research to a communicable disease. Refer to "Communicable Disease Chain," "Chain of Infection," and the CDC website for assistance when completing this assignment.

Communicable Disease Selection

Choose one communicable disease from the options below.

  1. Chickenpox
  2. Tuberculosis
  3. Influenza
  4. Mononucleosis
  5. Hepatitis B
  6. HIV
  7. Ebola
  8. Measles
  9. Polio
  10. Influenza

Epidemiology Paper Requirements

Address the following:

  1. Describe the chosen communicable disease, including causes, symptoms, mode of transmission, complications, treatment, and the demographic of interest (mortality, morbidity, incidence, and prevalence). Is this a reportable disease? If so, provide details about reporting time, whom to report to, etc.
  2. Describe the social determinants of health and explain how those factors contribute to the development of this disease.
  3. Discuss the epidemiologic triangle as it relates to the communicable disease you have selected. Include the host factors, agent factors (presence or absence), and environmental factors. Are there any special considerations or notifications for the community, schools, or general population?
  4. Explain the role of the community health nurse (case finding, reporting, data collection, data analysis, and follow-up) and why demographic data are necessary to the health of the community.
  5. Identify at least one national agency or organization that addresses the communicable disease chosen and describe how the organizations contribute to resolving or reducing the impact of disease.
  6. Discuss a global implication of the disease. How is this addressed in other countries or cultures? Is this disease endemic to a particular area? Provide an example.

A minimum of three peer-reviewed or professional references is required.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide

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Final Answer

Here you go. In case of any further inputs, please let me know.All the best!I appreciate working with you!






Epidemiology of Tuberculosis
Epidemiology entails studying disease appearance, its path, and elimination (Community
and Public Health, n.d). Tuberculosis is among the communicable diseases caused by the
bacteria Mycobacterium that targets the lungs. Tuberculosis is spread through the air from one
person to the other. If an individual that has lung TB coughs or sneezes, the TB germs are
propelled to the air. When one inhales the air, he gets infected. Additionally, a few germs inhaled
can make an individual get infected. TB conditions are of two types, the latent TB and TB
disease infection. The TB bacteria can lurk in the body, but an individual can stay for long
without getting sick. This type is latent TB infection. Individuals that breathe the same air
containing bacteria won’t get sick since their bodies fight back and stop the bacteria from
growing. Latent TB bacteria don't have any symptoms displayed in an individual, and they can't
spread to others. TB disease occurs when the bacteria gets active in the body and multiplies. It is
why people having latent TB infection get prescribed for medication to prevent the development
of the disease. Approximately one-quarter of people in the world's population have a latent TB
infection. In 2017, a reported 10 million people got infected with TB in the world. Close to 1.3
million deaths got reported worldwide. In the United States, there were a reported 9,105 cases of
TB in 2017 (CDC). This figure reflected 2.8 circumstances in every 100,000 people. However,
the statistic was a reduction from reported cases in the previous year in 2016 by 2.3% (CDC).
People who have TB bacteria infection have between 5-15% risk in their lives to fall ill with TB.
The risk is much higher on people who have compromised immune systems like tobacco users,
people suffering from malnutrition and living with HIV (CDC, 2012). Anyone can get TB since
prole infected with TB are everywhere at home, school, and even the workplaces. If an
individual develops active TB, its symptoms are usually mild for several months. It contributes



to delays in seeking treatment which further leads to increased transmission to others. Individuals
having active TB can infect between 10-15 people by close contact in 12 months. TB affects
adults mostly during the productive years of their lives. Other age groups also face a similar
situation. An excess of 95% of the TB cases including related deaths are reported in the
developing nations. The people infected with HIV have 20-30 times the chance of developing the
active TB disease (CDC, 2012). In 2017, 1 million children between ages 0 to 14 got infected
with TB while 230,000 which comprised children living with HIV associated TB succumbed due
to the disease (WHO). Using tobacco significantly increases TB risk and death. Approximately
7.9% of cases involving TB globally are attributed to smoking.
Some of the common symptoms associated with active TB include coughs with sputum
and at times, blood, night sweats, fever, weight loss, and weakness. TB bacteria grow in the
lungs. Other symptoms associated with TB include loss of appetite, pain in the chest, and chills.
Several nations depend on the use of sputum smear microscopy ...

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