MAMP 508A Adler School Defense Cultural Competency Program letter

timer Asked: Feb 27th, 2019
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Question Description

You have been contracted as a consultant by the Office of Secretary of Defense to assess how that branch of the service is progressing with their cultural competency program. Write a brief letter to the Secretary of ____ (i.e. Army, Navy, or Air Force) that recommends methods that this branch of the military can incorporate in order to bridge gaps of cultural competency.

You may utilize issues raised in the debate and cite additional information within your proposal. You are encouraged to explore both military as well as non-military (e.g. think tanks, policy institutes, and Congressional Research Service (CRS)) websites that address the issue of cultural diversity within the military.

Diversity in the US Navy In the contemporary world, the debate on workplace diversity cannot be ignored. Organizations all over the world are trying to recruit as diverse employees as possible. This rush is essential because experts have discovered an increased level of creativity and productivity in diverse working environments (Vertovec, 2012). To contribute to the debate on diversity, the United States offers a typical example of one of the most diverse societies in the world. This is because the country has been thriving on its diverse citizenry to stamp economic, political, and military strength on the global stage (Vertovec, 2012). This paper gives insight into the diversity of the US Navy from the angle of race, gender, and sexual orientation. The United States Navy is one of the most respected segments of the US military. This is because the navy is founded on the tenets of the country as outlined in the Declaration of Independence that all human beings are created equal and are endowed by the creator certain inalienable rights (The Declaration of Independence, 2019). Most importantly, the US Navy draws its reputation from the fact that it embraces the diversity of its members, a gesture that is in tandem with the basic principle of fairness (Kamarck, 2017). This is demonstrated in their recruitment policy that does not discriminate the applicants on any basis – be it race, gender, or even sexual orientation (Kamarck, 2017). The implication here is that this section of the military recruits Americans from all walks of life, irrespective of their ages, backgrounds, and places of origin. First, age is an important factor for anyone seeking to join the United States military. The Council of Foreign Relations’ 2016 report on the demographics of US military revealed that young people between the ages of 18-24 years form the largest number of recruits into the US Navy (Kamarck, 2017). These new members of the force undergo training and are mentored by the senior naval combats who have defended the interests of the United States both at home and abroad. According to the report, the majority of the new recruits come from the middle class; the rest are drawn from the lower and upper class of the US populace. This is understandable because the middle class forms a larger percentage of the American population (Reynolds & Shendruk, 2018). Also, joining the US Navy, or any other section of the military is on a voluntary basis. The only thing the new recruit needs is the will, ability, and desire to serve the country. The second important facet of diversity in the US Navy is gender. Gender equality in the military is a problem that many countries continue to grapple with. However, the United States has managed to form one of the most diverse naval forces in the world. Extant reports indicate that 20% of the US Navy is made up of women (Reynolds & Shendruk, 2018). This implies that for every 5 soldiers there is at least 1 woman. However, concerns still remain as to whether female soldiers should be treated equally with their male counterparts even in the allocation of duties. Be that as it may, there are many areas within the Navy in which women are serving the country effectively (Friday, 2013). From the perspective of race, the US Navy paints a picture of the racial diversity in America. Reports indicate that 43% of the navy is made up of the minority groups – the highest composition in the entire military (Reynolds & Shendruk, 2018). Minority groups comprise of the African Americans, the Hispanics, the Latinos, and the Asians. Security experts believe that diversity in the US Navy, and the military in general, is part of the reason the US has managed to consolidate one of the strongest defense forces in the world (Reynolds & Shendruk, 2018). They contend that a diverse military brings together people with different expertise and experiences that can lead to high-end creativity in combat. The sexual orientation of the military men and women has recently elicited heated debate in the United States. Initially, LGBT people were allowed to serve in the military provided they had not “come out” or publicly declared their sexuality. However, President Obama repealed the Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell Act in 2010 which made it possible for openly LGBT people to be recruited in the military (Center for American Progress, 2013). References Center for American Progress. (2013). The Battles that Remain: Military Service and LGBT Equality Center for American Progress. Retrieved from (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. Friday, W. A. (2013). US Army's Diversity Strategic Plan: The Attitude and Knowledge of Today's US Army Majors. ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS Kamarck K. N., (2017). Diversity, Inclusion, and Equal Opportunity in the Armed Services: Background and Issues for Congress. Retrieved from (Accessed: February 9, 2019). Parker F. R., (n.d). Department of the Navy: Diversity and Inclusion Roadmap. Retrieved from %20Navy%20Diversity%20and%20Inclusion%20Roadmap.pdf (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.Reynolds G. M., & Shendruk A., (2018). “Demographics of the US Military.”Council on Foreign Relations. Retrieved from (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.The Declaration of Independence: Full text. (2019). Retrieved from (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.Vertovec, S. (2012). “Diversity” and the social imaginary. European Journal of Sociology/Archives Européennes de Sociologie, 53(3), 287-312.

Tutor Answer

School: Carnegie Mellon University

Please find attached. Let me know if you need edits. Cheers!


Defense Cultural Competency Program
Student Name



The Honorable ________
Secretary of Defense
1000 Defense Pentagon
Washington, DC 20301-1000
Dear Secretary _____:
I write to inform you about the need for more cultural competence within the US Armed
Forces. Diversity adds strength and should be encouraged by honoring people from diverse
backgrounds who serve in the United States in the military. Realizing the continuous change in
religious beliefs, race, gender and sexual orientation changes within society is at the center of
achieving cultural competence. The US military must recognize the socio-cultural change for
effective identification, cultivation, and reward of talents (Department of Defense, 2015).
Bridging gaps of cultural competence within the military should involve providing equal
opportunities for people wi...

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awesome work thanks

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