Humanities
Please address the question in the manner of an essay. Your paper should be approximately three pages long (1,000 words) and include relevant citations.

Barstow Community College

Question Description

Suppose that a man is drowning in a river, and Aristotle, Kant and Mill are on the shore debating with each other about the right thing to do in this situation. Each of these philosophers represents differing ethical views (i.e. virtue ethics, deontology, and utilitarianism). State what you think each of these theorists would argue is the best reason for action in this situation. Which of these philosopher’s arguments would motivate you to act and save the drowning man?

In preparing your paper, refer to the MLA Handbook for “Writers of Research Papers” to prepare your assignments. All papers must be double-spaced, 12 point font, and Times New Roman.

Final Answer

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Philosophers’ arguments
Aristotle argument using virtue ethics will emphasize on the character of a person when
taking an action and the virtues in the moral philosophy. His argument would be that a virtuous
person has the ideal character traits which are nurtured since they are derived from natural
internal tendencies. In his argument, he will determine that a virtuous person is led by character
and does not expect to gain favors or maximize the utility. For example, after helping the
drowning man he should not be paid or compensated by the family members and friends.
Aristotle will make the decision of helping the man from drowning due to kindness without
focusing on favor gain. In his argument, he will believe that the action of helping the man will
bring happiness and helps him to flourish without the basis of physical pleasure and luxury.
Aristotle will argue on virtual ethics dealing with wider questions of how should I live? What is
the good life? And what are proper family and social values? In his argument, these questions
will give him directions on the decision to make (Mulgan, 2015).
His argument will also be based on eudemonism which explains that the human virtues
flourish by performing well in one’s dist...

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