Coronary artery disease is a common type of heart disease and the leading cause of death among both men and women in the United States. In this assignment, you will explore this disease in more detail using the scenario below.
One of your aging relatives is sedentary and smokes cigarettes. Out of concern for his health, you decide to research more about this disease.
To complete this assignment, do the following:
- Research this disease using a minimum of 2 sources. You can use your textbook for one of the sources. Choose the remaining source(s) from the GALE Virtual Reference Library provided on the Structure and Function of the Human Body library guide page.
- In a minimum of 2 pages (not counting the references page), address the following:
- Explain how coronary artery disease develops in the human body.
- Describe the ways that your relative can prevent the onset of this disease.
- Explain what treatment options exist if steps to prevent the disease fail.
- Include a references page at the end of your document, formatted using the APA guidelines, that lists your research sources.
For help with formatting your references page, see the Structure and Function of the Human Body library guide page linked to above.
Explanation & Answer
CORONARY HEART DISEASE
Coronary heart disease is a type of heart disease that is the leading cause of death in both women
and men in the United States (Mozaffarian et al, 2016). This paper will explore the causes,
prevention and treatment options for this disease.
Development of coronary heart disease
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a disease that manifests within arteries that supply the heart. It
develops due to plaques i.e. calcified materials and atherosclerosis within the arteries. Due to
these obstructions, the blood vessels fail to efficiently carry blood, which is their primary
purpose. The heart needs a continuous supply of blood so that it can function hence this reduced
supply can be fatal. Inadequate supply of blood rich in oxygen and nutrients quickly leads to
significant heart problems such as strokes and heart attacks that may sometimes lead to death.
CAD is essentially caused by lifestyle factors such as lack of exercise or smoking. The condition
can also be caused by medical conditions for instance diabetes and high blood pressure. It takes
some years to develop. Atherosclerosis is a chronic disorder of the arteries which is progressive
(Dawber et al, 2015). ...
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