EWRT 2 De Anza Community College Are G.M.O Foods Safe? Essay

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Question Description

I have to chose and write 8 sources from my last essay(Source List with CARS Scores).

I had already done 4 of 8, so I need help to do finish the rest.

I attached my last essay.

What I had already done:

- “Are G.M.O Foods Safe?”

- “10 Reasons to Avoid GMOs”

- “Splice

- “What is genetic modification?”


About the essay:

- summarize the source (chapter, book, article, or the like).

- identify the piece's argument (or main point) & list 2-3 subpoints

- use at least one quotes

- discuss the source's strengths and weaknesses. For instance,

  • Is it credible?
  • Is it accurate?
  • Is it reasonable?
  • Does it offer support?

See the CARS Checklist

- describe how this piece will contribute to your research project. (My research project is “Genetic modification will create the monster”)

- Each annotation should be a ½ page to 1-page double-spaced


Unformatted Attachment Preview

Akari Setta Amy Leonard EWRT 2 De Anza Community College February 24, 2019 Essay3 Rough Draft Annotated Bibliography Prompt Brody, Jane E. “Are G.M.O Foods Safe?” The New York Times. 23 April. 2018. Web. 17 Feb. 2019 This newspaper article informs us of the danger of genetically modified organism. It explains that GMO alters the genes of an organism by inserting desirable traits to one organism to another. For example, scientist may transplant a genes from a totally unrelated organisms such as fish that lives in ice water into a spinach so that that spinach can grow in cold climate by having a genes that can withstand the cold. These genetic transplantation from one unrelated organism to another have gotten some people worried. Some of the concerns and complain that have been given are their fear of unwanted changes in nutritional content as well as the unwanted introduction of allergens and toxic effects on bodily organs. These concerns are reasoning as people have common beliefs that if even the insects do not eat the crop that has been genetically modified to be insect resistance, it must be dangerous for human consumption as well. Also, if it affect on our health, it can be strong example that genetic modification will create the monster. Smith, Jefferey. “10 Reasons to Avoid GMOs” Institution for Responsible Technology N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2019. In this article, author mentions 10 negative points of genetically modified organisms, and it also does offer information to support each points. I will use some of them for essay to make my statement strong through finding many perspectives: it is unhealthy, contaminates forever, increases herbicide uses, creates dangerous effects which produces new toxins and allergens, harms environment and works against feeding a hungry world. Splice. Directed by Vincenzo Natali, performances by Adrien Brody, Sarah Polley, and Delphine Chaneac. Warner Brothers, 2009. DVD. Both the couple of Clive and Elsa are scientists. They ignore law and ethics, and they experiment to blend human and animal DNA and create a new life. The experiment is successful, a new life creature is born. Clive and Elsa give the living body its name Drain and keep it secret so that no one will know. She will rapidly grow into a beautiful woman. However, her growth does not stop, and she transforms into a monster. This is example of statement that genetic modification will create the monster, and this explains people it is not safe for sure. “What is genetic modification?” Genetic modification: The New Zealand approach. The ministry for the Environment Manata Mo Te Taiao. Jun 2004. Web. 15 Feb. 2019. In this article, author explains about what genetic modification is, what type it has, and who and what will get affected by it. A genetically modified organism is a plant, animal, insect or microorganism whose genetic make-up has been changed using modern laboratory techniques. This is accurate since information is fact, not the opinion. I will use this as definition of genetic modification at beginning of the essay. Setta 1 Akari Setta Amy Leonard EWRT 2 De Anza Community College February 17, 2019 Essay 2 Source List with CARS Scores 1. Frankenstein's Cat: Cuddling Up to Biotech's Brave New Beasts CARS score: 16 Readability level: 52 Source’s argument: Throughout the book, Frankenstein’s Cat: Cuddling Up to Biotech’s Brave New Beasts, Anthes offers some wise ways of usage of biotechnology. Note: She shows many advantages and disadvantages of adapting biotechnology into our daily lives, explaining many facts by presenting some cases where scientists struggle to utilize these technologies and how people benefit from them. Works Cited Anthes, Emily. Frankenstein's Cat: Cuddling Up to Biotech's Brave New Beasts. Scientific American / Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2013. 2. Monsters and the Moral Imagination CARS score: 16 Readability level: 48 Source’s argument: According to the article, people tend to create monsters to express their fears as well as to test their sense of morality. Note: Asma explains that to project humans’ idea is significantly useful way because human vulnerability is unchanged; which means that as long as human beings are flourishing in this Setta 2 world, there is no way for people to escape from their fears. People can realize again what they fear for by projecting their emotions into monsters. Works Cited Asma, Stephen T. “Monsters and the Moral Imagination” Monsters: A Bedford Spotlight Reader, Edited by Andrew J. Hoffman. Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2016, pp. 61-66. 3. STAT-Harvard poll: Americans say no to ‘designer babies’ CARS score: 18 Readability level: 55 Source’s argument: According to the statistic given by the STAT-Harvard poll, Americans have mixed views on genetic technologies such as germline editing also known as “designer babies”. It is a controversial topic in the sense that many people are afraid of the unknown. Note: (1) What does the public think about changing the genetic characteristics of unborn babies? 26% of the people polled said that it should be legal to reduce the risk of developing serious diseases and only 11% were for improving intelligence or physical characteristic. (2) Does the public think the government should fund research on changing the genes of unborn babies? 44% were for funding to reduce the risk of serious diseases while only 14% agreed that it should be funded for intelligence and physical appearance. (3) Who does the public think should decide whether or not to allow the genes of unborn babies to be changed? Scientist: 53% , government officials: 9% , other/neither: 31% , refused:7% (4) Who has undergone genetic testing, and why? Only 6% of adults have personally had a genetic testing done. Reasons given were for concern about health problems for future and children to learn about family history and heritage. (5) Is the public interested in taking a genetic test in the future?56% said yes in taking the test if it could determine the likelihood of getting cancer and Alzheimer’s disease. (6) What does the public think about gene therapy? 59% of Americans think the food and Drug Administration should approve gene therapy treatments. Setta 3 (7) Does the public think the government should fund research on gene therapy? Yes:59% No:30% Work cited Begley, Sharon. “STAT-Harvard poll: Americans say no to ‘designer babies’” Stat News. STAT. 11 Feb. 2016. Web. 05 Feb. 2019. 4. Are G.M.O. Foods Safe? CARS score: 16 Readability level: 42 Source's Argument: This newspaper article informs us of the danger of genetically modified organism. It explains that GMO alters the genes of an organism by inserting desirable traits to one organism to another. Note: For example, scientist may transplant a genes from a totally unrelated organisms such as fish that lives in ice water into a spinach so that that spinach can grow in cold climate by having a genes that can withstand the cold. These genetic transplantation from one unrelated organism to another have gotten some people worried. Some of the concerns and complain that have been given are their fear of unwanted changes in nutritional content as well as the unwanted introduction of allergens and toxic effects on bodily organs. These concerns are not without reasoning as people have common beliefs that if even the insects do not eat the crop that has been genetically modified to be insect resistance, it must be dangerous for human consumption as well. Work cited Brody, Jane E. “Are G.M.O Foods Safe?” The New York Times. 23 April. 2018. Web. 17 Feb. 2019 5. Japan’s Nuclear Nightmare: How the Bomb Became a Beast Called Godzilla CARS score: 12 Setta 4 Readability level: 50 Source's Argument: This article discuss about the movie “Godzilla” which made by Japanese film directors. In the movie, Godzilla, that was born from atomic bombing, represents as the monster who destroys whole city. Note: This can be used as example for argument that genetic modification cannot affirm definitely safe for people’s health because genetics has changed naturally and can changed by technology like Godzilla does. Work cited Brothers, Peter H. “Japan’s Nuclear Nightmare: How the Bomb Became a Beast Called Godzilla” Monsters: A Bedford Spotlight Reader, Edited by Andrew J. Hoffman. Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2016, pp. 51-60. 6. The Dangers of GMOs A Quick Guide On Monsanto & Toxic GMOs In Our Food Supply CARS score: 15 Readability level: 48 Source's Argument: The effect of genetic modification of food. Note: In the book, authors talks about genetic modification of food can occur consequences to not only human but also other species and environment, so people should recognise its problems and stop. Work cited Cardillo, Joey. The Dangers of GMOs: A Quick Guide On Monsanto & Toxic GMOs In Our Food. Versatile Health, 2013 7. Frankenfoods? A ‘terrible word’ that could describe more foods than you might realize CARS score: 14 Setta 5 Readability level: 45 Source’s argument: Thoughts of people who agree with genetically modified foods Note: David Zilberman, a professor of agriculture and resource economics at the University of California, Berkley, explains that Frankenfood was “a terrible word, a stigmatisation word, one that’s used to scare people… People are afraid of GMOs for little or no reason. GM is simply a tool. Because it allows us to modify plants with far greater precision and control then before, it will be very valuable.” Works Cited Cerier, Steven. “Frankenfoods? A ‘terrible word’ that could describe more foods than you might realize” Pesticides and Food. Genetic Literacy Project. 13 Apr. 2018. Web. 04 Feb. 2019. 8. The Nazi Physicians as Leaders in Eugenics and "Euthanasia CARS score: 21 Readability level: 59 Source's Argument: This articles tells us of the eugenics movement that was prevalent during the 1900s and its relevance today. Eugenics refers to science of improving the genetic quality of a human population and discouraging other traits that are deemed unworthy. Note: Work cited Grodin, Michael A., et al. “The Nazi Physicians as Leaders in Eugenics and "Euthanasia": Lessons for Today.” American Journal of Public Health 108.1 (2018): 53-57. EBSCOhost. Web. 25 Jan 2018 9. Dolly: Scientific Breakthrough or Frankenstein’s Monster? Journalistic and Scientific Metaphors of Cloning. CARS score: 14 Setta 6 Readability level: 42.6 Source’s Argument: In this journal, Hellsten argues cloned sheep, Dolly, can be recognized as a “mass products”, implying the inferiority of cloned animals. Note: According to Hellsten, most people can find out monstrous implications into cloned animals. She analyses some pieces of information from The Times and Nature, the famous newspaper in the UK, to examine the metaphors, and she concludes that these metaphors which can be connected to genetically modified animals would be able to present the incompleteness even though those animals symbolize scientific breakthrough. Work cited Hellsten, Lina. “Dolly: Scientific Breakthrough or Frankenstein's Monster? Journalistic and Scientific Metaphors of Cloning.” Metaphor & Symbol 15.4 (2000): 213-221. EBSCOhost. Web. 15 Feb. 2019. 10. The contaminated risk of GM crops Source's Argument: This article tell us of the threat of GMO contamination being touted as a national security. Note: GMO crops are presented as contaminated or impure and its essential that they do net get mixed with the local crops that are grown in the respective country. Cross-pollination among GMO crops and natural crops will have negative impact on the produce as consumer wants a clear line drawn on whether the food they eat are GMO or organic. The author believe that GMO contamination is no longer just about biophysical risks but also a threat on its respective national identity and the culture of its own country. Work cited Hughes, Emma. “The contaminated risk of GM crops: Nationalism and the genetic modification debate” Journal of public Affairs. 5.3/4 (2005): 251-262. EBSCOhost. Web. 15 Feb. 2019. Setta 7 11. Extinction Is Forever… Or Is It? CARS Score: 19 Readability Level: 52 Source’s Argument: This journal article discusses de-extinction by cloning, utilizing DNA from natural species, and importantly, the author would be in favor of cloning as the solution for de-extinction. Note: The author basically defines what is extinction and why it happens so often. She offers that people should care for extinction and how they might be able to recover extinct species, showing many pieces of evidence why we should care for. Works Cited Ogden, Lesley E. “Extinction Is Forever… Or Is It?” BioScience 64.6 (2014): 469-475. EBSCOhost. Web. 15 Feb. 2019 12. Public opinion about genetically modified foods and trust in scientists connected with these foods CARS score: 18 Readability:55 Source’s argument: This statistical analysis by Pew Research Center cover on the public awareness of GM foods. Note: Some of the survey conducted shows that 33% of Americans believe that GM foods are worse for their health while 32% stated that it is neither better no worse. There is also a stronger notion among the younger population against the GM food. With 48% of young adults aged 18-29 agreeing that GM food are worse for their health. One in six American or 16% feels that the issue of GM foods is a great deal while nearly half of them 46% says that it’s not too much of a deal and that it does not exactly affect their daily lives. Work Cited Setta 8 Funk K. and Kennedy B. “Public opinion about genetically modified foods and trust in scientists connected with these foods” The New Food Fights: U.S. Public Divides Over Food Science Pew Research Center. 1Dec. 2016 Web 15 Feb. 2019 13. A project to bring back the extinct woolly mammoth is underway, but it will take many years - and it will not be a mammoth, exactly CARS score: 18 Readability level: 48 Source's Argument: This newspaper articles talk about ambitious plan to revive the woolly mammoth. Note: According to Harvard geneticist George Church, lead scientist for the "Woolly Mammoth Revival" project, he predicted that the mammoth is on the verge of resurrection in the near future. In the simplest of terms, by placing a mammoth genes into an Asian elephant, the closest living relative of the mammoth, they are able to modify the Asian elephant into becoming a mammoth. However, there are concerns among the public of the risk and danger posed to the Asian Elephant that are already under threat of extinction through their experiments. There are also apprehension on being able to clone and revive an extinct animals that may affect the biodiversity of the current habitat if it were to be reintroduced again. Work cited Pilcher, Helen. “A project to bring back the extinct woolly mammoth is underway, but it will take many years - and it will not be a mammoth, exactly” Earth. BBC. 22 Feb. 2017. Web. 15 Feb. 2019. 14. 10 Reasons to Avoid GMOs CARS score: 15 Readability level: 47 Setta 9 Source’s argument: The consequences of genetically modified foods Note: There are some ideas to use for the essay about why genetic modification organisms is negative: it is unhealthy, and it contaminates forever, increases herbicide uses, creates dangerous effects which produces new toxins and allergens, harms environment and works against feeding a hungry world. Work cited Smith, Jefferey. “10 Reasons to Avoid GMOs” Institution for Responsible Technology N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2019. 15. SPLICE Source: Movie Summary: Both the couple of Clive and Elsa are scientists. They ignore law and ethics, ad they experiment to blend human and animal DNA and create a new life. The experiment is successful, a new life creature is born. Clive and Elsa give the living body its name Drain and keep it secret so that no one will know. She will rapidly grow into a beautiful woman. However, her growth does not stop, and she transforms into a monster Note: This is example of statement that genetic modification will create the monster, and this explains people it is not safe for sure. Works Cited Splice. Directed by Vincenzo Natali, performances by Adrien Brody, Sarah Polley, and Delphine Chaneac. Warner Brothers, 2009. DVD. 16. What is genetic modification? CARS score: 12 Readability level: 40 Source's Argument: In this article, author explains about what genetic modification is, what type it has, and who and what will get affected by it. Setta 10 Note: A genetically modified organism is a plant, animal, insect or micro-organism whose genetic make-up has been changed using modern laboratory techniques. Work cited “What is genetic modification?” Genetic modification: The New Zealand approach. The ministry for the Environment Manata Mo Te Taiao. Jun 2004. Web. 15 Feb. 2019. ...
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DoctorArsmtrong
School: Rice University

Hello, the work is complete and I am looking forward to work with you in futureGreat moments in your endeavors

Akari Setta
Amy Leonard
EWRT 2
De Anza Community College
February 24, 2019
Essay3 Rough Draft
Annotated Bibliography Prompt

Brody, Jane E. “Are G.M.O Foods Safe?” The New York Times. 23 April. 2018. Web. 17
Feb.2019
This newspaper article informs us of the danger of genetically modified organism. It explains
that GMO alters the genes of an organism by inserting desirable traits to one organism to another.
For example, scientist may transplant genes from a totally unrelated organism such as fish that
lives in ice water into spinach so that that spinach can grow in cold climate by having genes that
can withstand the cold. These genetic transplantation from one unrelated organism to another
have gotten some people worried. Some of the concerns and complain that have been given are
their fear of unwanted changes in nutritional content as well as the unwanted introduction of
allergens and toxic effects on bodily organs. These concerns are reasoning as people have
common beliefs that if even the insects do not eat the crop that has been genetically modified to

be insect resistance, it must be dangerous for human consumption as well. Also, if it affect on our
health, it can be strong example that genetic modification will create the monster.

Smith, Jefferey. “10 Reasons to Avoid GMOs” Institution for Responsible Technology
N.p.,n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2019.
In this article, author mentions 10 negative points...

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Anonymous
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