one-page reflection for each personality test, Conduct an interview with an older individual and write a four page paper detailing your experience, Describe and reflect on your own personality in a 3-5 page paper.

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Part I

You should also include a one-page reflection for each personality test. A reflection may include whether you think the test results were an accurate depiction of you, what you thought of the test questions, or thoughts on the trait being measured. (There were 3 personality tests, all uploaded).

Part II

Conduct an interview with an older individual and write a four page paper detailing your experience. Ask them to tell you their life story. Begin the paper by describing who you interviewed, how you met them or know them. Based on your interview, assess their personality in terms of Erikson’s developmental theory. Be sure to explain Erikson’s theory as you describe it. How did they resolve the various stages? Where do you believe they fit now? You should also comment on other aspects of their personality, but be sure to spend at least half the paper on Erikson’s theory.

Part III

Describe and reflect on your own personality in a 3-5 page paper. When doing so, include the following points:

  • Relate your personality to at least 3 theories covered in this course. Describe each theory in detail.
  • What environmental factors do you think shaped your personality?
  • How has your personality changed over time? Relate your personality to one of the developmental frameworks.
  • Some researchers believe you might manifest different behaviors in different situations. Give at least one example of this in your own life.
  • APA formatting with references.

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3/1/2019 Personality Test Center - IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300. Personality Test Center An insightful journey into personality  I P I P Report This report compares Boo from the country USA to other adult women. (The name used in this report is either a nickname chosen by the person taking the test, or, if a valid nickname was not chosen, a random nickname generated by the program.) This report estimates the individual's level on each of the five broad personality domains of the Five-Factor Model. The description of each one of the five broad domains is followed by a more detailed description of personality according to the six subdomains that comprise each domain. A note on terminology. Personality traits describe, relative to other people, the frequency or intensity of a person's feelings, thoughts, or behaviors. Possession of a trait is therefore a matter of degree. We might describe two individuals as extraverts, but still see one as more extraverted than the other. This report uses expressions such as "extravert" or "high in extraversion" to describe someone who is likely to be seen by others as 1/24 3/1/2019 Personality Test Center - IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300. relatively extraverted. The computer program that generates this report classifies you as low, average, or high in a trait according to whether your score is approximately in the lowest 30%, middle 40%, or highest 30% of scores obtained by people of your sex and roughly your age. Your numerical scores are reported and graphed as percentile estimates. For example, a score of "60" means that your level on that trait is estimated to be higher than 60% of persons of your sex and age. Please keep in mind that "low," "average," and "high" scores on a personality test are neither absolutely good nor bad. A particular level on any trait will probably be neutral or irrelevant for a great many activites, be helpful for accomplishing some things, and detrimental for accomplishing other things. 2/24 3/1/2019 Personality Test Center - IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300. As with any personality inventory, scores and descriptions can only approximate an individual's actual personality. High and low score descriptions are usually accurate, but average scores close to the low or high boundaries might misclassify you as only average. On each set of six subdomain scales it is somewhat uncommon but certainly possible to score high in some of the subdomains and low in the others. In such cases more attention should be paid to the subdomain scores than to the broad domain score. Questions about the accuracy of your results are best resolved by showing your report to people who know you well. John A. Johnson wrote descriptions of the five domains and thirty subdomains. These descriptions are based on an extensive reading of the scientific literature on personality measurement. PDF To View PDF - Download Here OPEN Extraversion 3/24 3/1/2019 Personality Test Center - IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300. Extraversion is marked by pronounced engagement with the external world. Extraverts enjoy being with people, are full of energy, and often experience positive emotions. They tend to be enthusiastic, actionoriented, individuals who are likely to say "Yes!" or "Let's go!" to opportunities for excitement. In groups they like to talk, assert themselves, and draw attention to themselves. Introverts lack the exuberance, energy, and activity levels of extraverts. They tend to be quiet, low-key, deliberate, and disengaged from the social world. Their lack of social involvement should not be interpreted as shyness or depression; the introvert simply needs less stimulation than an extravert and prefers to be alone. The independence and reserve of the introvert is sometimes mistaken as unfriendliness or arrogance. In reality, an introvert who scores high on the agreeableness dimension will not seek others out but will be quite pleasant when approached. Domain/Facet...... Score EXTRAVERSION..........57 Friendliness..........53 Gregariousness........68 Assertiveness.........34 Activity Level........73 Excitement-Seeking....38 Cheerfulness..........66 4/24 3/1/2019 Personality Test Center - IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300. Your score on Extraversion is average, indicating you are neither a subdued loner nor a jovial chatterbox. You enjoy time with others but also time alone. Extraversion Facets  Friendliness. Friendly people genuinely like other people and openly demonstrate positive feelings toward others. They make friends quickly and it is easy for them to form close, intimate relationships. Low scorers on Friendliness are not necessarily cold and hostile, but they do not reach out to others and are perceived as distant and reserved. Your level of friendliness is average.  Gregariousness. Gregarious people find the company of others pleasantly stimulating and rewarding. They enjoy the excitement of crowds. Low scorers tend to feel overwhelmed by, and therefore actively avoid, large crowds. They do not necessarily dislike being with people sometimes, but their need for privacy and time to themselves is much greater than for individuals who score high on this scale. Your level of gregariousness is high. 5/24 3/1/2019 Personality Test Center - IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300.  Assertiveness. High scorers Assertiveness like to speak out, take charge, and direct the activities of others. They tend to be leaders in groups. Low scorers tend not to talk much and let others control the activities of groups. Your level of assertiveness is average.  Activity Level. Active individuals lead fast-paced, busy lives. They move about quickly, energetically, and vigorously, and they are involved in many activities. People who score low on this scale follow a slower and more leisurely, relaxed pace. Your activity level is high.  Excitement-Seeking. High scorers on this scale are easily bored without high levels of stimulation. They love bright lights and hustle and bustle. They are likely to take risks and seek thrills. Low scorers are overwhelmed by noise and commotion and are adverse to thrill-seeking. Your level of excitementseeking is average.  Cheerfulness. This scale measures positive mood and feelings, not negative emotions (which are a part of the Neuroticism domain). Persons who score high on this scale typically experience a range of positive feelings, including happiness, enthusiasm, optimism, and joy. Low scorers are not as prone to such energetic, high spirits. Your level of positive emotions is average. 6/24 3/1/2019 Personality Test Center - IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300. Start Download - View PDF Ad Convert From Doc to PDF, PDF to Doc Simply With The Free Online App! FromDocToPDF Learn more Agreeableness Agreeableness reflects individual differences in concern with cooperation and social harmony. Agreeable individuals value getting along with others. They are therefore considerate, friendly, generous, helpful, and willing to compromise their interests with others'. Agreeable people also have an optimistic view of human nature. They believe people are basically honest, decent, and trustworthy. Disagreeable individuals place self-interest above getting along with others. They are generally unconcerned with others' well-being, and therefore are unlikely to extend themselves for other people. Sometimes their skepticism about others' motives causes them to be suspicious, unfriendly, and uncooperative. Agreeableness is obviously advantageous for attaining and maintaining popularity. Agreeable people are better liked than disagreeable people. On the other hand, agreeableness is not useful in situations that require tough or absolute objective decisions. Disagreeable people can make excellent scientists, critics, or soldiers. 7/24 3/1/2019 Personality Test Center - IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300. Domain/Facet...... Score AGREEABLENESS....45 Trust............24 Morality.........40 Altruism.........53 Cooperation......27 Modesty..........87 Sympathy.........48 Your level of Agreeableness is average, indicating some concern with others' needs, but, generally, unwillingness to sacrifice yourself for others. Agreeableness Facets  Trust. A person with high trust assumes that most people are fair, honest, and have good intentions. Persons low in trust see 8/24 3/1/2019 Personality Test Center - IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300. others as selfish, devious, and potentially dangerous. Your level of trust is low.  Morality. High scorers on this scale see no need for pretense or manipulation when dealing with others and are therefore candid, frank, and sincere. Low scorers believe that a certain amount of deception in social relationships is necessary. People find it relatively easy to relate to the straightforward high-scorers on this scale. They generally find it more difficult to relate to the unstraightforward low-scorers on this scale. It should be made clear that low scorers are not unprincipled or immoral; they are simply more guarded and less willing to openly reveal the whole truth. Your level of morality is average.  Altruism. Altruistic people find helping other people genuinely rewarding. Consequently, they are generally willing to assist those who are in need. Altruistic people find that doing things for others is a form of self-fulfillment rather than self-sacrifice. Low scorers on this scale do not particularly like helping those in need. Requests for help feel like an imposition rather than an opportunity for self-fulfillment. Your level of altruism is average.  Cooperation. Individuals who score high on this scale dislike confrontations. They are perfectly willing to compromise or to deny their own needs in order to get along with others. Those who score low on this scale are more likely to intimidate others to get their way. Your level of compliance is low.  Modesty. High scorers on this scale do not like to claim that they are better than other people. In some cases this attitude may derive from low self-confidence or self-esteem. 9/24 3/1/2019 Personality Test Center - IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300. Nonetheless, some people with high self-esteem find immodesty unseemly. Those who are willing to describe themselves as superior tend to be seen as disagreeably arrogant by other people. Your level of modesty is high.  Sympathy. People who score high on this scale are tenderhearted and compassionate. They feel the pain of others vicariously and are easily moved to pity. Low scorers are not affected strongly by human suffering. They pride themselves on making objective judgments based on reason. They are more concerned with truth and impartial justice than with mercy. Your level of tender-mindedness is average. Start Download - View PDF Ad Convert From Doc to PDF, PDF to Doc Simply With The Free Online App! FromDocToPDF Learn more Conscientiousness Conscientiousness concerns the way in which we control, regulate, and direct our impulses. Impulses are not inherently bad; occasionally time constraints require a snap decision, and acting on our first 10/24 3/1/2019 Personality Test Center - IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300. impulse can be an effective response. Also, in times of play rather than work, acting spontaneously and impulsively can be fun. Impulsive individuals can be seen by others as colorful, fun-to-be-with, and zany. Nonetheless, acting on impulse can lead to trouble in a number of ways. Some impulses are antisocial. Uncontrolled antisocial acts not only harm other members of society, but also can result in retribution toward the perpetrator of such impulsive acts. Another problem with impulsive acts is that they often produce immediate rewards but undesirable, long-term consequences. Examples include excessive socializing that leads to being fired from one's job, hurling an insult that causes the breakup of an important relationship, or using pleasure-inducing drugs that eventually destroy one's health. Impulsive behavior, even when not seriously destructive, diminishes a person's effectiveness in significant ways. Acting impulsively disallows contemplating alternative courses of action, some of which would have been wiser than the impulsive choice. Impulsivity also sidetracks people during projects that require organized sequences of steps or stages. Accomplishments of an impulsive person are therefore small, scattered, and inconsistent. A hallmark of intelligence, what potentially separates human beings from earlier life forms, is the ability to think about future consequences before acting on an impulse. Intelligent activity involves contemplation of long-range goals, organizing and planning routes to these goals, and persisting toward one's goals in the face of short-lived impulses to the contrary. The idea that intelligence involves impulse control is nicely captured by the term prudence, an alternative label for the 11/24 3/1/2019 Personality Test Center - IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300. Conscientiousness domain. Prudent means both wise and cautious. Persons who score high on the Conscientiousness scale are, in fact, perceived by others as intelligent. The benefits of high conscientiousness are obvious. Conscientious individuals avoid trouble and achieve high levels of success through purposeful planning and persistence. They are also positively regarded by others as intelligent and reliable. On the negative side, they can be compulsive perfectionists and workaholics. Furthermore, extremely conscientious individuals might be regarded as stuffy and boring. Unconscientious people may be criticized for their unreliability, lack of ambition, and failure to stay within the lines, but they will experience many short-lived pleasures and they will never be called stuffy. Domain/Facet...... Score CONSCIENTIOUSNESS.......39 Self-Efficacy...........15 Orderliness.............49 Dutifulness.............66 Achievement-Striving....41 Self-Discipline.........30 Cautiousness............53 12/24 3/1/2019 Personality Test Center - IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300. Your score on Conscientiousness is average. This means you are reasonably reliable, organized, and self-controlled. Conscientiousness Facets  Self-Efficacy. Self-Efficacy describes confidence in one's ability to accomplish things. High scorers believe they have the intelligence (common sense), drive, and self-control necessary for achieving success. Low scorers do not feel effective, and may have a sense that they are not in control of their lives. Your level of self-efficacy is low.  Orderliness. Persons with high scores on orderliness are wellorganized. They like to live according to routines and schedules. They keep lists and make plans. Low scorers tend to be disorganized and scattered. Your level of orderliness is average.  Dutifulness. This scale reflects the strength of a person's sense of duty and obligation. Those who score high on this scale have a strong sense of moral obligation. Low scorers find contracts, rules, and regulations overly confining. They are likely to be seen as unreliable or even irresponsible. Your level of dutifulness is average.  Achievement-Striving. Individuals who score high on this scale 13/24 3/1/2019 Personality Test Center - IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300. strive hard to achieve excellence. Their drive to be recognized as successful keeps them on track toward their lofty goals. They often have a strong sense of direction in life, but extremely high scores may be too single-minded and obsessed with their work. Low scorers are content to get by with a minimal amount of work, and might be seen by others as lazy. Your level of achievement striving is average.  Self-Discipline. Self-discipline-what many people call willpower-refers to the ability to persist at difficult or unpleasant tasks until they are completed. People who possess high selfdiscipline are able to overcome reluctance to begin tasks and stay on track despite distractions. Those with low self-discipline procrastinate and show poor follow-through, often failing to complete tasks-even tasks they want very much to complete. Your level of self-discipline is low.  Cautiousness. Cautiousness describes the disposition to think through possibilities before acting. High scorers on the Cautiousness scale take their time when making decisions. Low scorers often say or do first thing that comes to mind without deliberating alternatives and the probable consequences of those alternatives. Your level of cautiousness is average. Free Printable Form Ad View & Print Your Form Now FindFormsFast Learn more 14/24 3/1/2019 Personality Test Center - IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300. Neuroticism Freud originally used the term neurosis to describe a condition marked by mental distress, emotional suffering, and an inability to cope effectively with the normal demands of life. He suggested that everyone shows some signs of neurosis, but that we differ in our degree of suffering and our specific symptoms of distress. Today neuroticism refers to the tendency to experience negative feelings. Those who score high on Neuroticism may experience primarily one specific negative feeling such as anxiety, anger, or depression, but are likely to experience several of these emotions. People high in neuroticism are emotionally reactive. They respond emotionally to events that would not affect most people, and their reactions tend to be more intense than normal. They are more likely to interpret ordinary situations as threatening, and minor frustrations as hopelessly difficult. Their negative emotional reactions tend to persist for unusually long periods of time, which means they are often in a bad mood. These problems in emotional regulation can diminish a neurotic's ability to think clearly, make decisions, and cope effectively with stress. At the other end of the scale, individuals who score low in neuroticism are less easily upset and are less emotionally reactive. They tend to be calm, emotionally stable, and free from persistent negative 15/24 3/1/2019 Personality Test Center - IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300. feelings. Freedom from negative feelings does not mean that low scorers experience a lot of positive feelings; frequency of positive emotions is a component of the Extraversion domain. Domain/Facet...... Score NEUROTICISM...........88 Anxiety...............90 Anger.................80 Depression............66 Self-Consciousness....87 Immoderation..........91 Vulnerability.........71 Your score on Neuroticism is high, indicating that you are easily upset, even by what most people consider the normal demands of living. People consider you to be sensitive and emotional. 16/24 3/1/2019 Personality Test Center - IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300. Neuroticism Facets  Anxiety. The "fight-or-flight" system of the brain of anxious individuals is too easily and too often engaged. Therefore, people who are high in anxiety often feel like something dangerous is about to happen. They may be afraid of specific situations or be just generally fearful. They feel tense, jittery, and nervous. Persons low in Anxiety are generally calm and fearless. Your level of anxiety is high.  Anger. Persons who score high in Anger feel enraged when things do not go their way. They are sensitive about being treated fairly and feel resentful and bitter when they feel they are being cheated. This scale measures the tendency to feel angry; whether or not the person expresses annoyance and hostility depends on the individual's level on Agreeableness. Low scorers do not get angry often or easily. Your level of anger is high.  Depression. This scale measures the tendency to feel sad, dejected, and discouraged. High scorers lack energy and have difficult initiating activities. Low scorers tend to be free from these depressive feelings. Your level of depression is average.  Self-Consciousness. Self-conscious individuals are sensitive about what others think of them. Their concern about rejection and ridicule causes them to feel shy and uncomfortable around others. They are easily embarrassed and often feel ashamed. Their fears that others will criticize or make fun of them are exaggerated and unrealistic, but their awkwardness and discomfort may make these fears a self-fulfilling prophecy. Low 17/24 3/1/2019 Personality Test Center - IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300. scorers, in contrast, do not suffer from the mistaken impression that everyone is watching and judging them. They do not feel nervous in social situations. Your level or self-consciousness is high.  Immoderation. Immoderate individuals feel strong cravings and urges that they have difficulty resisting. They tend to be oriented toward short-term pleasures and rewards rather than long-term consequences. Low scorers do not experience strong, irresistible cravings and consequently do not find themselves tempted to overindulge. Your level of immoderation is high.  Vulnerability. High scorers on Vulnerability experience panic, confusion, and helplessness when under pressure or stress. Low scorers feel more poised, confident, and clear-thinking when stressed. Your level of vulnerability is high. Free Printable Form Ad View & Print Your Form Now FindFormsFast Learn more Openness to Experience 18/24 3/1/2019 Personality Test Center - IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300. Openness to Experience describes a dimension of cognitive style that distinguishes imaginative, creative people from down-to-earth, conventional people. Open people are intellectually curious, appreciative of art, and sensitive to beauty. They tend to be, compared to closed people, more aware of their feelings. They tend to think and act in individualistic and nonconforming ways. Intellectuals typically score high on Openness to Experience; consequently, this factor has also been called Culture or Intellect. Nonetheless, Intellect is probably best regarded as one aspect of openness to experience. Scores on Openness to Experience are only modestly related to years of education and scores on standard intelligent tests. Another characteristic of the open cognitive style is a facility for thinking in symbols and abstractions far removed from concrete experience. Depending on the individual's specific intellectual abilities, this symbolic cognition may take the form of mathematical, logical, or geometric thinking, artistic and metaphorical use of language, music composition or performance, or one of the many visual or performing arts. People with low scores on openness to experience tend to have narrow, common interests. They prefer the plain, straightforward, and obvious over the complex, ambiguous, and subtle. They may regard the arts and sciences with suspicion, regarding these endeavors as abstruse or of no practical use. Closed people prefer familiarity over novelty; they are conservative and resistant to change. Openness is often presented as healthier or more mature by psychologists, who are often themselves open to experience. However, open and closed styles of thinking are useful in different environments. The intellectual style of the open person may serve a 19/24 3/1/2019 Personality Test Center - IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300. professor well, but research has shown that closed thinking is related to superior job performance in police work, sales, and a number of service occupations. Domain/Facet...... Score OPENNESS TO EXPERIENCE...15 Imagination..............33 Artistic Interests.......35 Emotionality.............64 Adventurousness..........16 Intellect................2 Liberalism...............21 Your score on Openness to Experience is low, indicating you like to think in plain and simple terms. Others describe you as down-to-earth, practical, and conservative. 20/24 3/1/2019 Personality Test Center - IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300. Openness Facets  Imagination. To imaginative individuals, the real world is often too plain and ordinary. High scorers on this scale use fantasy as a way of creating a richer, more interesting world. Low scorers are on this scale are more oriented to facts than fantasy. Your level of imagination is average.  Artistic Interests. High scorers on this scale love beauty, both in art and in nature. They become easily involved and absorbed in artistic and natural events. They are not necessarily artistically trained nor talented, although many will be. The defining features of this scale are interest in, and appreciation of natural and artificial beauty. Low scorers lack aesthetic sensitivity and interest in the arts. Your level of artistic interests is average.  Emotionality. Persons high on Emotionality have good access to and awareness of their own feelings. Low scorers are less aware of their feelings and tend not to express their emotions openly. Your level of emotionality is average.  Adventurousness. High scorers on adventurousness are eager to try new activities, travel to foreign lands, and experience different things. They find familiarity and routine boring, and will take a new route home just because it is different. Low scorers tend to feel uncomfortable with change and prefer familiar routines. Your level of adventurousness is low.  Intellect. Intellect and artistic interests are the two most important, central aspects of openness to experience. High 21/24 3/1/2019 Personality Test Center - IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300. scorers on Intellect love to play with ideas. They are openminded to new and unusual ideas, and like to debate intellectual issues. They enjoy riddles, puzzles, and brain teasers. Low scorers on Intellect prefer dealing with either people or things rather than ideas. They regard intellectual exercises as a waste of time. Intellect should not be equated with intelligence. Intellect is an intellectual style, not an intellectual ability, although high scorers on Intellect score slightly higher than low-Intellect individuals on standardized intelligence tests. Your level of intellect is low.  Liberalism. Psychological liberalism refers to a readiness to challenge authority, convention, and traditional values. In its most extreme form, psychological liberalism can even represent outright hostility toward rules, sympathy for law-breakers, and love of ambiguity, chaos, and disorder. Psychological conservatives prefer the security and stability brought by conformity to tradition. Psychological liberalism and conservatism are not identical to political affiliation, but certainly incline individuals toward certain political parties. Your level of liberalism is low. 22/24 3/1/2019 Personality Test Center - IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300. Note: The report sent to your computer screen upon the completion of the IPIPNEO is only a temporary web page. When you exit your web browser you will not be able to return to this URL to re-access your report. No copies of the report are sent to anyone. If you want a permanent copy of the report, you must save the web page to your hard drive or a diskette, and/or print the report while you are still viewing it in your web browser. If you choose to save your report, naming it with an .html extension (example: Myreport.html) as you save it may help you to read it into a web browser later. Personality IPIP ( Type theory ( Individual traits ( Information Articles ( Polls ( Resources ( News Newsletter ( Site Privacy ( Contact ( Personality Test Center 23/24 3/1/2019 Personality Test Center - IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300. Personality Test Center © 2017 24/24 3/1/2019 > Test Results 1 PDF To View PDF ­ Download Here 2 Printable PDF [Free] To View PDF, Download Here FromDocToPDF 3 Free Printable Form View & Print Your Form Now FindFormsFast Cattell 16 Factor Test Results Warmth Intellect Emotional Stability Aggressiveness Liveliness Dutifulness Social Assertiveness Sensitivity Paranoia Abstractness Introversion Anxiety Openmindedness Independence Perfectionism Tension |||||||||||||||||||||||||||| |||||||||||| ||||||||||||||| |||||||||||||||||| |||||||||||| |||||||||||||||||||||||||||| |||||||||||| |||||||||||||||||||||||| |||||||||||||||||| ||||||||||||||||||||| ||||||||||||||||||||| |||||||||||||||||||||||||||| |||||||||||| ||||||||||||||| ||||||||||||||||||||| ||||||||||||||||||||| 82% 34% 50% 58% 34% 86% 38% 78% 54% 62% 62% 90% 38% 50% 70% 62% Cattell's 16 Factor Key Factor low score high score Warmth cold, selfish supportive, comforting Intellect instinctive, unstable cerebral, analytical Emotional Stability irritable, moody level headed, calm Aggressiveness modest, docile controlling, tough Liveliness somber, restrained wild, fun loving Dutifulness untraditional, rebellious conforming, traditional Social Assertiveness shy, withdrawn uninhibited, bold Sensitivity coarse, tough touchy, soft Paranoia trusting, easy going wary, suspicious Abstractness practical, regular strange, imaginative Introversion open, friendly private, quiet Anxiety confident, self assured fearful, self­doubting Openmindedness closeminded, set­in­ ways curious, exploratory Independence outgoing, social loner, craves solitude Perfectionism disorganized, messy orderly, thorough Tension relaxed, cool stressed, unsatisfied 1/2 3/1/2019 > Test Results To place display your results on your own site use the following code: Cattell's 16 Factor Test Results Warmth |||||||||||||||||||||||||||| 82% Intellect |||||||||||| 34% Emotional Stability ||||||||||||||| 50% Aggressiveness |||||||||||||||||| 58% Liveliness |||||||||||| 34% Dutifulness |||||||||||||||||||||||||||| 86% Social Assertiveness |||||||||||| 38% Sensitivity |||||||||||||||||||||||| 78% Paranoia |||||||||||||||||| 54% Abstractness ||||||||||||||||||||| 62% Introversion ||||||||||||||||||||| 62% Anxiety |||||||||||||||||||||||||||| 90% Openmindedness |||||||||||| 38% Independence ||||||||||||||| 50% Perfectionism ||||||||||||||||||||| 70% Tension ||||||||||||||||||||| 62% Take Cattell 16 Factor Test (similar to 16pf)personality tests by Keep in mind, your results are dependent on the accurate truth of your responses. The more you take this test and get the same result, the more likely that is your type. Finally, your scores and type, over the long term, will change as you do. Comments on this test? Submit To take another personality test click here To recommend this test to a friend click here 2/2 3/1/2019 ESFJ Extraverted Sensing Feeling Judging ESFJ Extraverted Sensing Feeling Judging Guardians of birthdays, holidays and celebrations, ESFJs are generous entertainers. They enjoy and joyfully observe traditions and are liberal in giving, especially where custom prescribes. All else being equal, ESFJs enjoy being in charge. They see problems clearly and delegate easily, work hard and play with zest. ESFJs, as do most SJs, bear strong allegiance to rights of seniority. They willingly provide service (which embodies life's meaning) and expect the same from others. ESFJs are easily wounded. And when wounded, their emotions will not be contained. They by nature "wear their hearts on their sleeves," often exuding warmth and bonhomie, but not infrequently boiling over with the vexation of their souls. Some ESFJs channel these vibrant ADVERTISEMENT Free Printable Form OPEN View & Print Your Form Now FindFormsFast emotions into moving dramatic performances on stage and screen. Strong, contradictory forces consume the ESFJ. Their sense of right and wrong wrestles with an overwhelming rescuing, 'mothering' drive. This sometimes results in swift, immediate action taken upon a transgressor, followed by stern reprimand; ultimately, however, the prodigal is wrested from the gallows of their folly, just as the noose tightens and all hope is lost, by the very executioner! An ESFJ at odds with self is a remarkable sight. When a decision must be made, especially one involving the risk of conflict (abhorrent to ESFJs), there ensues an in-house wrestling match between the aforementioned black-andwhite Values and the Nemesis of Discord. The contender pits self against self, once firmly deciding with the Right, then switching to Prudence to forestall hostilities, countered by unswerving Values, ad exhaustium, winner take all. As caretakers, ESFJs sense danger all around--germs within, the elements without, unscrupulous malefactors, insidious character flaws. The world is a dangerous place, not to be trusted. Not that the ESFJ is paranoid; 'hyper-vigilant' would be more precise. And thus they serve excellently as protectors, outstanding in fields such as medical care and elementary education. (ESFJ stands for Extravert, Sensing, Feeling, Judging and represents individual's preferences in four dimensions characterising personality type, according to Jung's and Briggs Myers' theories of personality type.) Your Type Preferences Introvert(3%) Sensing(16%) Feeling(44%) Judging(6%) 1/5 3/1/2019 ESFJ Extraverted Sensing Feeling Judging Because you appear to have marginal or no (3%) preference of Introversion over Extraversion, characteristics of more than one personality type may apply to you: ISFJ (ISFJ) and ESFJ (ESFJ). ADVERTISEMENT Free Printable Form OPEN View & Print Your Form Now FindFormsFast Functional Analysis Of The ESFJ Based on Jung’s framework of cognitive functions Extraverted Feeling ESFJs live in their Extraverted Feeling functioning. Feeling, a rational (i.e., deciding) function, expresses opinions easily in the E world of objects and people. ESFJs have the ability to express warmth, rage, and a range of other emotions. Actions are encouraged or rebuked based on how they affect other people, especially people near and dear to the ESFJ. This type's vocal decisiveness predisposes many of its number to facility with administration and supervision. Introverted Sensing The secondary Sensing function aids and abets the dominant Fe in that sensate data is collected and at once compared with the inner forms or standards. Data on which decisions are made are thus focused and given a contrast which tends to be stronger and clearer than the original stimuli. The strengthening effect of Si on Fe may be responsible for this type's reputation for wearing their "hearts on their sleeves." At any rate, ESFJs reflect the "black and white" view of reality which is common to the SJ types. Extraverted iNtuition Intuition is tertiary--as the ESFJ matures, and as situations arise which call for suspension of criticism, Ne is allowed to play. Under the leadership of the Fe function, iNtuition allows for a loosening of the more rigid Si rights and wrongs; teasing and slapstick humor emerge. ESFJs are also capable of discerning patterns and philosophies, but such perceiving is subject to the weakness of the tertiary position, and the results often lack the variety and complexity of connections that more complex systems require. Introverted Thinking The inferior Ti function may rarely be expressed. In fact, ESFJs may take affront at the aloof, detached nature of dominant Ti types, or conversely, be drawn to them. Some ESFJs construct rationale which have the appearance of (Jungian) Thinking logic, but under scrutiny are in fact command performances of "Thinking in the service of Feeling," (i.e., Thinking-like conclusions 2/5 3/1/2019 ESFJ Extraverted Sensing Feeling Judging which do not obey the tenets of impersonal logic; they rather construct scenarios from only those "hard, cold facts" which support the conclusion reached by the dominant Extraverted Feeling function. To wit: You don't sew with a fork, so I see no reason to eat with knitting needles. -- Miss Piggy, on eating Chinese Food (by Joe Butt - published under license) Next: ESFJ Career Choices (/personality/esfj-careers?EI=1&SN=16&TF=-44&JP=6) The ESFJ » Type Description (/personality/esfj) » Career Choices (/personality/esfj-careers?EI=1&SN=16&TF=-44&JP=6) » Learning Style (/personality/esfj-learning-style) » Communication Skills (/personality/esfj-communication-style) » Famous ESFJs (/personality/famous-esfjs) » Personality Type Explained (/personality/type) » Premium Report (/personality/premium-report) » Organizations & Business Users (/personality/staff-development) » Humanmetrics Blog (/blog) » Hate your manager? (/post/hate-your-manager-its-probably-not-just-your-managers- fault) » Introversion is not a four-letter word (/post/introversion-is-not-a-four-letter-word) » Take learning into your own hands New! (/post/take-your-learning-into-your-hands) The 16 personality types ESTJ (/personality/estj) ISTJ (/personality/istj) ENTJ (/personality/entj) INTJ (/personality/intj) ESTP (/personality/estp) ISTP (/personality/istp) ENTP (/personality/entp) INTP (/personality/intp) ESFJ (/personality/esfj) ISFJ (/personality/isfj) ENFJ (/personality/enfj) INFJ (/personality/infj) 3/5 3/1/2019 ESFJ Extraverted Sensing Feeling Judging ESFP (/personality/esfp) ISFP (/personality/isfp) ENFP (/personality/enfp) INFP (/personality/infp) ADVERTISEMENT Share 5.3K 241 Comments Sort by Newest Add a comment... Crystal Ann Boyd I am an "Extravert, Sensing, Feeling and Juding personality: 1. I have a slight preference of Extraversion over Introversion (6%) 2. I have marginal or no preference of Sensing over Intuition (1%) 3. I have moderate preference of Feeling over Thinking (34%) 4. I have slight preference of Judging over Perceiving (9%) These are the results from my second attempt at this self-assement. My first attempt resulted in ISFJ but. I am not surprised by the difference in my results, and believe they are both correct. I do switch between my introvert and extravert preferences. I enjoy my alone time as m… See More Like · Reply · 8h · Edited Charlotte Chen ESFJ Like · Reply · 3d Vlad Jones lol this test sucks Like · Reply · 3d Dara Montgomery Esc j type Like · Reply · 4d Kai Cui ESFJ Like · Reply · 5d Load 10 more comments Facebook Comments Plugin ADVERTISEMENT Printable PDF [Free] OPEN To View PDF, Download Here FromDocToPDF © 1998-2019 Humanmetrics Inc. Terms of Use (/Terms.htm) Trademarks (/Trademarks.htm) 4/5 3/1/2019 ESFJ Extraverted Sensing Feeling Judging Contact Us (/contactus.htm) Home (/)  English 5/5 3/1/2019 ISFJ Careers ISFJ Career Choices Introvert(3%) Sensing(16%) Feeling(44%) Judging(6%) ISFJs often find themselves in occupations that either involve a lot of interactions with other people and/or require meticulousness and diligence. They work in organizations of various sizes and in industries, where, as a rule, they work with people. Very often ISFJs realize their potential in health care (nurses, patient care and medical services, as well as administrative jobs) and various community care organizations. Other favored areas of occupation include social work and serviceoriented professions. Jung Career Indicator™ (jung-career-indicator) determines occupations and areas in which people of your type find themselves most fulfilled and content, are most successful, and in which they are likely ADVERTISEMENT most represented. The following table lists some examples of areas of occupation suitable from a personality type standpoint, along with examples of educational institutions* where you can receive a relevant degree or training. The table factors in the expressiveness of the four traits of your personality type: Introvert(3%) Sensing(16%) Feeling(44%) Judging(6%). Therefore, ISFJ type persons with different expressiveness scores might get a somewhat different list. Areas of occupation that are more aligned with your result appear first. Click occupation names and school logos to request program information. INCLUDES MATCHING SCHOOL ADS Social Services Social Work (SOCIAL-WORK) (;n=203;c=14 Religious Education ( Education ( ( Child Care Management Health Care Health Care Administration ( 1/7 3/1/2019 ISFJ Careers ( Medical Records Administration Nursing ( (NURSING) ( Radiology Technician Customer Service Customer Service Specialist (CUSTOMER- ( SERVICE-MANAGEMENT) Real Estate Broker/Agent ( ( Secretary and executive assistant Paralegal ( Arts ( Translator Computer Science and Software Engineering ( (COMPUTER-SCIENCE) Graphics Design and Multimedia ( ( Interior Design ( Engineering INCLUDES MATCHING SCHOOL ADS ISFJ Entrepreneur? In fact, anyone can be an entrepreneur. There are many factors influencing how successful an entrepreneur can be, and your personality preferences is one of the very important ones. Identifying a line of business and size that fits your entrepreneurial personality preferences 2/7 3/1/2019 ISFJ Careers (/entrepreneur/types) helps mitigating risks and increasing chances of being more successful and more content. Determine most favorable for you size and kinds of businesses and franchises with Entrepreneur Quiz » (/entrepreneur). Your Type Preferences Introvert(3%) Sensing(16%) Feeling(44%) Judging(6%) Because you appear to have marginal or no (3%) preference of Introversion over Extraversion, characteristics of more than one personality type may apply to you: ISFJ (ISFJ) and ESFJ (ESFJ). ADVERTISEMENT Career Choices and Risk Attitudes (/risk-taking) One of the main reasons for difficulties in a career is inconsistency between person's natural risk attitudes (like risk aversion or, on the contrary, risk seeking) and career steps they are taking. This inconsistency leads to stress and emotional discomfort, reduces confidence in your own abilities, adversely affecting your career. Take the Risk Attitudes Quiz (/risk-taking) to understand your risk type and gain additional insights. Risk Attitudes Quiz comes in handy when considering a job or changing the course of your career, especially if you: lack self-confidence which is keeping you from taking the next step toward your dream job. are over-analytical and cannot stop debating alternatives. are looking to achieve sustainability in your career. change your course too often and want to find out the potential cause for that. Take the New! Risk Attitudes Quiz » (/risk-taking) to see if the career decisions you make are in line with the risk attitudes that match your personality. Education Tips Education is a huge investment of time and money so be ready to ask a lot of questions of any college or university you are considering. Therefore, create a list of questions and take notes as you get your answers while talking to an enrolment advisor or when signing up and requesting information. Be wary of any school that is unable to or refuses to answer any of your questions. A degree is a long-term commitment and choosing a college or university that understands and can meet your needs should be one of your top priorities. Sign up and request information from several schools so that you can compare and, if 3/7 3/1/2019 ISFJ Careers possible, negotiate more favourable conditions. There is no such thing as the "perfect" college or university. Stay open minded and realize that any number of schools may be a good fit for you and provide you with the degree and student services that you need. Important aspects you should pay attention to include: School’s accreditation Financial aid offered Tuition and fees. What’s included and what isn’t. Payment plans. Student services available Instructors’ credentials How tests are administered Time required to complete the program How long the program has been offered and how many students have enrolled Key dates Any requirements or pre-requisites Previous: ISFJ Type Description (/personality/isfj) Next: ISFJ Learning Style (/personality/isfj-learning-style) You: ISFJ (isfj) Your Business (/personality/staff-development) » Type Description (/personality/isfj) » Career Choices (/personality/isfj-careers?EI=-3&SN=16&TF=-44&JP=6) » Learning Style (/personality/isfj-learning-style) » Communication Skills (/personality/isfj-communication-style) » Famous ISFJs (/personality/famous-isfjs) » Personality Type Explained (/personality/type) » Premium Report (/personality/premium-report) » Organizations & Business Users (/personality/staff-development) » Humanmetrics Blog (/blog) » Hate your manager? (/post/hate-your-manager-its-probably-not-just-your-managers- fault) » Introversion is not a four-letter word (/post/introversion-is-not-a-four-letter-word) 4/7 3/1/2019 ISFJ Careers » Take learning into your own hands New! (/post/take-your-learning-into-your-hands) The 16 personality types ESTJ (/personality/estj) ISTJ (/personality/istj) ENTJ (/personality/entj) INTJ (/personality/intj) ESTP (/personality/estp) ISTP (/personality/istp) ENTP (/personality/entp) INTP (/personality/intp) ESFJ (/personality/esfj) ISFJ (/personality/isfj) ENFJ (/personality/enfj) INFJ (/personality/infj) ESFP (/personality/esfp) ISFP (/personality/isfp) ENFP (/personality/enfp) INFP (/personality/infp) Degree Finder ‑Select Degree Level‑ ‑Select Category‑ ‑Select Subject‑ Find Now Of Interest 82 Exceptional Schools That Fit Your Personality and Learning Style ( ( ebook/dp/B01M188JY0/ref=as_li_ss_il?s=digital-text&ie=UTF8&qid=1506176274&sr=11&linkCode=li2&tag=hrpe-20&linkId=02c5557369dea245bd020da049aa879f) 5/7 3/1/2019 ISFJ Careers 16 Personality Types: Leadership Behavior ( ( Share 93 27 Comments Sort by Newest Add a comment... Marvenia Parker Hernandez Isn't the proper spelling for "extravert", "extrovert"? Like · Reply · 2w James Arthur White II I have been scored as an INFJ most of the time. So, do not know what to think about this one. Like · Reply · 9w Frankie Keren Martinez Accurate! I am a student nurse. Like · Reply · 11w Monique Arnold I have an associate degree in business administration and I'm going to school for Health Information Management (medical records) so this test fits for me. Like · Reply · 13w Nichole Anders I am working in a social work type of job within a childcare/preschool setting. Job title is Family Advocate. So it fits. Like · Reply · 13w Load 10 more comments Facebook Comments Plugin Want even more comments? Load DISQUS comments ADVERTISEMENT * Schools mentioned on this page and linked websites do not represent any endorsement of any information presented on this page by any of the schools mentioned or linked websites; nor do they represent any endorsement by Humanmetrics of any of these schools or linked websites. This list is not intended to 6/7 3/1/2019 ISFJ Careers be a comprehensive list of occupations for the personality type indicated. People can be successful and/or comfortable in occupations that are not listed here. © 1998-2019 Humanmetrics Inc. Terms of Use (/Terms.htm) Trademarks (/Trademarks.htm) Contact Us (/contactus.htm) Home (/)  English 7/7 3/1/2019 ISFJ Introverted Sensing Feeling Judging ISFJ Introverted Sensing Feeling Judging ISFJs are characterized above all by their desire to serve others, their "need to be needed." In extreme cases, this need is so strong that standard give-and-take relationships are deeply unsatisfying to them; however, most ISFJs find more than enough with which to occupy themselves within the framework of a normal life. (Since ISFJs, like all SJs, are very much bound by the prevailing social conventions, their form of "service" is likely to exclude any elements of moral or political controversy; they specialize in the local, the personal, and the practical.) ISFJs are often unappreciated, at work, home, and play. Ironically, because they prove over and over that they can be relied on for their loyalty and unstinting, high-quality work, those around them often ADVERTISEMENT take them OPEN for View & Print Your Form Now FindFormsFast Free Printable Form granted--even take advantage of them. Admittedly, the problem is sometimes aggravated by the ISFJs themselves; for instance, they are notoriously bad at delegating ("If you want it done right, do it yourself"). And although they're hurt by being treated like doormats, they are often unwilling to toot their own horns about their accomplishments because they feel that although they deserve more credit than they're getting, it's somehow wrong to want any sort of reward for doing work (which is supposed to be a virtue in itself). (And as low-profile Is, their actions don't call attention to themselves as with charismatic Es.) Because of all of this, ISFJs are often overworked, and as a result may suffer from psychosomatic illnesses. In the workplace, ISFJs are methodical and accurate workers, often with very good memories and unexpected analytic abilities; they are also good with people in small-group or one-on-one situations because of their patient and genuinely sympathetic approach to dealing with others. ISFJs make pleasant and reliable co-workers and exemplary employees, but tend to be harried and uncomfortable in supervisory roles. They are capable of forming strong loyalties, but these are personal rather than institutional loyalties; if someone they've bonded with in this way leaves the company, the ISFJ will leave with them, if given the option. Traditional careers for an ISFJ include: teaching, social work, most religious work, nursing, medicine (general practice only), clerical and and secretarial work of any kind, and some kinds of administrative careers. While their work ethic is high on the ISFJ priority list, their families are the centers of their lives. ISFJs are extremely warm and demonstrative within the family circle--and often possessive of their loved ones, as well. When these include Es who want to socialize with the rest of the world, or self-contained ITs, the ISFJ must learn to adjust to these behaviors and not interpret them as rejection. Being SJs, they place a strong emphasis on conventional behavior (although, unlike STJs, they are usually as concerned with being "nice" as with strict propriety); if any of their nearest and dearest depart from the straight-and-narrow, it causes the ISFJ major embarrassment: the closer the relationship and the more public the act, the 1/5 3/1/2019 ISFJ Introverted Sensing Feeling Judging more intense the embarrassment (a fact which many of their teenage children take gleeful advantage of). Over time, however, ISFJs usually mellow, and learn to regard the culprits as harmless eccentrics :-). Needless to say, ISFJs take infinite trouble over meals, gifts, celebrations, etc., for their loved ones--although strong Js may tend to focus more on what the recipient should want rather than what they do want. Like most Is, ISFJs have a few, close friends. They are extremely loyal to these, and are ready to provide emotional and practical support at a moment's notice. (However, like most Fs they hate confrontation; if you get into a fight, don't expect them to jump in after you. You can count on them, however, run and get the nearest authority figure.) Unlike with EPs, the older the friendship is, the more an ISFJ will value it. One ISFJ trait that is easily misunderstood by those who haven't known them long is that they are often unable to either hide or articulate any distress they may be feeling. For instance, an ISFJ child may be reproved for "sulking," the actual cause of which is a combination of physical illness plus misguided "good manners." An adult ISFJ may drive a (later ashamed) friend or SO into a fit of temper over the ISFJ's unexplained moodiness, only afterwards to explain about a death in the family they "didn't want to burden anyone with." Those close to ISFJs should learn to watch for the warning signs in these situations and take the initiative themselves to uncover the problem. (ISFJ stands for Introvert, Sensing, Feeling, Judging and represents individual's preferences in four dimensions characterising personality type, according to Jung's and Briggs Myers' theories of personality type.) Your Type Preferences Introvert(3%) Sensing(16%) Feeling(44%) Judging(6%) Because you appear to have marginal or no (3%) preference of Introversion over Extraversion, characteristics of more than one personality type may apply to you: ISFJ (ISFJ) and ESFJ (ESFJ). ADVERTISEMENT Download PDF - Printable PDF (Free) OPEN To View PDF Functional Analysis Of The ISFJ Based on Jung’s framework of cognitive functions Introverted Sensing As for ISTJs, the dominant Si is oriented toward the world of forms, essences, generics. Again, "for both of the IS_J types, the sense of propriety comes from the clear definition of these internal forms. ... A 'proper' chair has four legs," etc. (Jung saw IS as something of an oxymoron: sensing, 2/5 3/1/2019 ISFJ Introverted Sensing Feeling Judging which is a perceiving function, focused inward and thus away from that which is perceived (the "object"). In this light, he described this sensing as something removed from reality, full of archetypes/mythical figures/hobgoblins; sensing of one's own set of forms.) Extraverted Feeling A kind of "regression toward the mean" provided by the Fe auxiliary function serves to socialize the expression of these forms. I suppose it's the auxiliary nature of this Feeling, coupled with the balancing effect of {detachment from the internal idiosyncratic view of free-floating data perceptions} that makes ISFJs tentative, conservative, and reticent to boldly state the rights and wrongs in the relational world. (Loosely translated, ISFJs like to keep their perceptions to themselves, and aren't sure enough that what they "see" as Introverted Sensors has any relevance to the outside world. Thus the perception, based on unworldly data, may not be true. The obedient Extraverted Feeling function must therefore refrain from strong statements expressing these opinions.) Introverted Thinking Introverted Thinking is turned inward and is largely invisible. It is only with great difficulty, if at all, that the ISFJ could willingly commit anyone to their doom. Perhaps this explains why ISFJs are loyal to the end; there is no sense of purely objective (i.e., impersonal) judgement of anyone but themselves (and that only by their own standards). Here is this type's achilles heel that makes many of them so vulnerable to the scoundrels and ne’er-do-wells who often use and abuse them. Extraverted iNtuition ISFJs are easily undone by Extraverted iNtuition, their inferior function. Believing in the fantastic, and disbelieving the technologically extant, are errors that may guide the gullible (or unfoundedly sceptical) ISFJ off a precipice of mis-conclusion. (One of our co-workers' mothers adamantly refused to believe that Dave Letterman's mom was actually at the olympics in Norway talking with the athletes and handing out hams! She suspected technological trickery.) This childlike Ne is, however, the likely source (coupled with fun-loving Extraverted Feeling) of the practical joking, punning and (usually harmless) impishness of some ISFJs. (by Joe Butt and Marina Margaret Heiss - published under license) Next: ISFJ Career Choices (/personality/isfj-careers?EI=-3&SN=16&TF=-44&JP=6) You: ISFJ (isfj) Your Business (/personality/staff-development) » Type Description (/personality/isfj) » Career Choices (/personality/isfj-careers?EI=-3&SN=16&TF=-44&JP=6) » Learning Style (/personality/isfj-learning-style) 3/5 3/1/2019 ISFJ Introverted Sensing Feeling Judging » Communication Skills (/personality/isfj-communication-style) » Famous ISFJs (/personality/famous-isfjs) » Personality Type Explained (/personality/type) » Premium Report (/personality/premium-report) » Organizations & Business Users (/personality/staff-development) » Humanmetrics Blog (/blog) » Hate your manager? (/post/hate-your-manager-its-probably-not-just-your-managers- fault) » Introversion is not a four-letter word (/post/introversion-is-not-a-four-letter-word) » Take learning into your own hands New! (/post/take-your-learning-into-your-hands) The 16 personality types ESTJ (/personality/estj) ISTJ (/personality/istj) ENTJ (/personality/entj) INTJ (/personality/intj) ESTP (/personality/estp) ISTP (/personality/istp) ENTP (/personality/entp) INTP (/personality/intp) ESFJ (/personality/esfj) ISFJ (/personality/isfj) ENFJ (/personality/enfj) INFJ (/personality/infj) ESFP (/personality/esfp) ISFP (/personality/isfp) ENFP (/personality/enfp) INFP (/personality/infp) ADVERTISEMENT Share 11K 4/5 3/1/2019 ISFJ Introverted Sensing Feeling Judging 299 Comments Sort by Newest Add a comment... Lehm Ayap Marquez No comment Like · Reply · 1w Amoga Ali i am a social science student when i was in highschool and a noise maker in class .i am now in college pursing a degree in poltical science and my noise making in class indicate i am where i am suppose to be Like · Reply · 1w Anjelah N Oscar Tamayo i was an infp before now it says isfj Like · Reply · 1w Mina Palamecia Same here. Things like this happen with the passage of time, I suppose. Like · Reply · 1w Sukhman Brar ISFJ Like · Reply · 2w Piotr Marian Kupicz ISFJ Like · Reply · 2w Load 10 more comments Facebook Comments Plugin ADVERTISEMENT Free Printable Form OPEN View & Print Your Form Now FindFormsFast © 1998-2019 Humanmetrics Inc. Terms of Use (/Terms.htm) Trademarks (/Trademarks.htm) Contact Us (/contactus.htm) Home (/)  English 5/5
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An Interview With An Older Individual
Institutional Affiliation


Part 11
I had an interview with Ann Rubin, a seventy-one-year-old Latino American female
living in Texas retirement community. My first encounter with Ann was in a women’s
conference that I had attended in Texas. When I saw Ann Rubin, she looked full of life, bubbly
and joyful. I could not help but admire her persona given her age, yet so lively, spirited and
bright. Her granddaughter who was in her company tells me that Ann has always lived her life to
the fullest, a fun of traveling and adventure and adores wildlife. However, for the last two years,
she has not been able to live her dream as ailments have taken the better part of her time. She
was recently diagnosed with Arthritis; a condition that has restricted her movements. She is
constantly complaining about knee ache and thus unable to move around as she did before.
Nevertheless, it is interesting and amazing that the ailments have not taken away her bubbly self;
she remains such an enthusiastic and believes that age should not restrain her from living her
dream life. When I requested to interview her, Mrs. Rubin nodded in acceptance and smilingly
joked that she was still a young lady despite the fact that age was catching up with her.
Ann moved from Louisiana to live near her children and three grandkids after her
husband Rubin passed on over three years ago. Whereas she loves staying near her family, Mrs.
Rubin says that for the last three years she has not yet been able to adjust to without her husband
with whom they were in matrimony for forty-two years before he met his death. Coming to terms
with the new environment in Texas has not been easy too. Having spent the better part of her life
in the New Orleans City of Louisiana, she ascribes her hard work to her husband and children. It
was their love and convincing that saw her work extra hard to ensure that her children were all
educated and that they had a bright future. She also has fond memories of his foster father, who


treated her like her biological child and gave her all she needed to be a professional woman and
prepared her for the outside world.
Ann recalls when their children were still in school and her husband was diagnosed with
cancer, she sat down in the couch the whole night worried and praying for his healing, then the
husband tightly held her hand and told her, “you need not to worry, even if I am gone today I am
confident that my children have the best mother in the world and will do anything to ensure they
build their future, you are the best decision I ever made in my life.” right there and then she rose
from the couch wiped her tears and knew she had to be stronger than ever before. Mr. Rubin
summoned the last will within her wife when she was at the verge of giving up. Talking with her,
one can’t help but recognize the fact that Mrs. Rubin is still grieving his husband and his death
has devastated her health and taken a tolling effect on her. Her life has evidently been one
characterized by challenges, opportunities, loss, and zeal to impact on the future generation.
According to Erikson theory, personality develops in a sequence of stages. It delineates
the effects of social experience in the entire lifecycle of a person. Based on Erickson’s theory,
this essay will look at how Ann’s social interaction and relations played a part in her personality
development. Normal growth is explained in relation to eight maturation stages perceived by
Eric Erikson as the intents of inherent value acquired through individual development as, “trust
which can be overcome by hope, autonomy which is overcome by will, initiative whose control
measure is purpose, industry which needs competence, identity which can be overcome by
fidelity, intimacy which calls for love, generativist whose control is care, and integrity t...

I was struggling with this subject, and this helped me a ton!


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