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One example of an educational program used in corrections is job skills or work release
programs. Such programs allow inmates to leave correctional confinement to work for the
day,then return afterwards. This type of program is not available to all inmates, as the inmate
must earn the privilege of work release first. It is typically not available for violent offenders.
Statistical data on the success of educational and treatment programs in corrections is limited,
but many prove successful in changing prisoner outlook, providing job skills, and ultimately
decreasing recidivism rates for those inmates who participate successfully in such programs.
If these programs were limited or unavailable, rehabilitation success would decrease.
Treatment programs within prisons and jails can encourage participation of community
programs in the transition process. However, prisons and jails by their nature limit
outsiders' access to the institutions, making it a challenge for community-based
social service and treatment providers to serve incarcerated people. However,
institutions can be community-friendly and invite social service agencies into the
institution to work directly with offenders being prepared for release. The community
agencies could provide contact information and written literature about services to
both staff and inmates. Community treatment providers that contract to deliver
institution-based treatment are in an ideal position to also help with transition
efforts. Similarly, corrections agencies can enlist contractors to provide case
management and other transitional services.
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