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Running head: OUTLINE
Topic: Skepticism of Feminism
A. The paper is about the skepticism of feminism.
B. The topic was chosen due to total failure to understand what feminism is and stands for.
C. There are more misconceptions about feminism.
D. There’s a lot of ground to make up towards equality and that’s the goal of feminism.
E. The paper shall look at the following;
1. The concepts of feminism
2. Skeptical issues surrounding feminism
3. The role of artwork in skepticism of feminism
A. Concept of Feminism
1. The term feminism has different meanings according to different authors and
2. The meaning of the term feminism has changed with time.
3. The terms were then used to advocate for equal rights for women after the
International Women’s Conference in Paris in 1892.
4. Feminism Movements
a) First Wave Movement
The first wave of feminism occurred in 1920 after the Nineteenth
b) Second wave movement
The second wave occurred between the 1960s and 70s where feminist
demand beyond political rights and push for greater equality such as in
education and workplaces.
c) Third wave movement
The third wave which was formed between the 1990s and 2002
critiques the second wave and advocates more including the issue of
ethnicity, race, and religion.
Skepticism in simple terms means beliefs or attitudes of misconception
When this term is combined with the term feminism, it then refers to
misconceptions that people have towards feminism.
B. Skeptical Issues surrounding Feminism
1. Sexual Justice
a) The issue of sexual injustices is common especially when the discussion
about feminism is concerned.
b) Another issue of sexual justice is what usually happens in most work
places. There are cases where females are asked for sexual favor before
being given jobs.
c) Some authors have argued that women are naturally weak that always
require protection from men; thus jobs should be given to men. Giving
women jobs is risking because if they cannot protect themselves, how are
they going to protect the interest and the jobs given to them.
2. Feminism and Sexuality
a) The issue of feminism and sexuality has attracted debates and is among
the skeptical issues surrounding feminism globally.
b) The critics are further arguing that feminist today are not interested in
attracting men because they want to love themselves. Even as they try to
love themselves, no one will complain that sex is a bad thing meaning that
they do not have a stand.
3. Power and Leadership
a) Sovereignty and security explain this concept.
b) Sovereignty defines the role of a state and political identity of people in a
c) Women across the world have had the least position when it comes to
political positions, but they are the one who has faced the greatest impact.
d) The characteristics of the state, as well as violent issues, leads to the issue
of security. Traditionally, men have controlled the matter of security
C. Use of Art to Explain Skepticism of Feminism
1. Art work is playing a bigger role in promoting skepticism of women in
society. The role of artwork in promoting skepticism of women started a long
time ago and still being exercised highly today especially now that there is an
advancement in technology today than before.
2. Art has not only played an important role in social processes but has also
played a crucial role in the development of feminist movements across the
D. Representations of the Female Body
1. Historically, the human body has been used for various purposes such as
entertainment, and beauty.
E. Role of Art in Breaking Cultural Barriers
1. Women have gone through a lot of difficulties due to cultural beliefs that exist
in many societies across the world. The problems or skeptics that feminism is
going through though common in many aspects, they tend to differ from one
place to another due to cultural differences.
2. The photo of Shirin Neshat who is among the activist fighting for women
rights in the Middle East.
F. Use of Art for Recognition
1. Women use images and artwork to be recognized in the society
G. Misinterpretation of Female artwork
1. There are cases where artworks are misinterpreted thus causing havoc,
criticisms, and change the initial intention of the artwork.
2. An example of such work is the one of a female artist, Lynda Benglis taken in
A. It is important to understand the skepticism of feminism.
B. People have different perception about feminism and this lack of common understanding
is the reason why females are still facing challenges.
C. Women have used various strategies to communicate and express their displeasure on
challenges affecting them.
D. It is evident that artwork has played a fundamental role in feminism movements and
changing the perception of societies and religious beliefs.
A. Figure 1: Presentation of female body
B. Figure 2 showing an image of Shirin Neshat communicating cultural challenges facing
C. Figure 3 showing inequalities between men and women in Iran.
D. Figure 4 is an image of Shadi Ghadirian from Iran reading a magazine
E. Figure 5 showing a Guerrilla Girl at Met. Museum
F. Figure 6 showing a naked female artist holding a double dildo.
Running head: SKEPTICISM OF FEMINISM
Skepticism of Feminism
Date of Submission
SKEPTICISM OF FEMINISM
In my paper, I would like to go into depth about the skepticism of feminism. It is my
understanding that on the right side of the political spectrum this is a controversial topic, however,
this is due to their total failure to understand what feminism is and stands for. People on the right
seem to think that feminism entails that you are anti-male and you want women to start dominating
men, however, this is total and utter nonsense. I used to reside in Orange County and as such, I
met a lot of conservative people and let me tell you, the misconceptions they have of feminism are
close to laughable. They think that if a man is a feminist, he must be less masculine or that there’s
something wrong with him. In reality, feminism is simply the idea that a female, like any other
male, has the right to be treated equally with respect and respect. It doesn’t mean that feminists
are requesting better treatment for women, it’s simply acknowledging the fact that over the course
of modern human history, in most places on earth, women were and still are in some places, treated
like second class citizens. Given this, it’s important to realize that there’s a lot of ground to make
up towards equality and that’s the goal of feminism. What really spurred me to write this and to
become a feminist in general was because one time I got a call from my one of my good friends,
that one of our close mutual friends had been raped while walking home from the gym. Instead of
people blaming the assault on the rapist, they blamed it on my friend for wearing skinny and tight
clothing. What I experienced is just one of the many heinous acts that are committed towards
women. In political ground for instance, it is evident that most political positions are dominated
by male in many countries. This is why I’ve chosen to write about feminism.
The Concept of Skepticism and Feminism
Before going deeper into the topic under discussion, it is crucial to understand the
concept of skepticism of feminism. The term feminism has different meanings according to
SKEPTICISM OF FEMINISM
different authors and philosophers. For instance, some authors have used the term feminism to
refer to specific political movements in America and Europe while others use the term “feminism
to refer to the injustices against women. The meaning of the term feminism has changed with
time. For instance, in the mid-1800s, this term was used to refer to the qualities that females
have. The terms were then used to advocate for equal rights for women after the International
Women’s Conference in Paris in 1892.1
The first wave of feminism occurred in 1920 after the Nineteenth Amendment. The
second wave occurred between the 1960s and 70s where feminist demand beyond political rights
and push for greater equality such as in education and workplaces. The third wave which was
formed between the 1990s and 2002 critiques the second wave and advocates more including the
issue of ethnicity, race, and religion. The critical thinking of the third wave movement played a
crucial role in developing gender violence act, and women movement agency. The internet and
advancement in technology enabled this movement to research more on gender issues thus
coming up with scientific ...