Causes Of The Failure In The Production Management Of The Airbus

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Question Description

After you write your research paper, you will create a five minute narrated presentation. Your presentation should meet this basic criterion.

  • Title slide with the topic, course number, and author (student) identified.
  • Overview or introduction slide to describe the presentation content.
  • Sufficient number of slides to convey the method and findings of the review.
  • Audio that further describes the slide content.
  • Summary or conclusion slide to close the presentation.
  • Reference list to show the sources cited within the presentation.
  • Video, animation, or other supporting elements as desired to enhance the presentation.

Please read the paper and Create a powerpoint Presentation

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Running head: RESEARCH PAPER 1 RESEARCH PAPER 2 Abstract: Airbus A 380 is the largest passenger Airlines in the world manufactured by the Airbus. Airbus launched $10.7 billion A380 programmes on December 2000. The paper states the reason behind the failure of the Airbus A380. Some of the reasons are sales were hindered by fundamental problems, growth outlook has changed causing a restructuring of aircraft orders, and end-to-end flying is taking over from hub-and-spoke. It is important to study the issue so that precautionary methods can be found and implemented during the need. RESEARCH PAPER 3 Introduction Production is one of the major factors in any of the business deals with the conversion of raw material to the finished goods. It is an act of creating and output in the form of goods are the services that provide value and utility to the end consumers. The major factors of production include land, labor, capital, and enterprise. Often, the high production means that more people are employed and the production is also more than the average. On the other hand, low productivity means the less number of people employed and the production is also less than the average. Airbus A380 is the largest passenger Airlines in the world manufactured by the Airbus. Airbus launched $10.7 billion A380 programme on December 2000. The first prototype was launched on January 2005 and the first flight on 27th April 2005. Initially it was delivered to Singapore Airlines in October 2007. The production increased to 30 aircrafts per year in 2012 and 2014. The total investment on the aircraft was more than $25 billion and the company concedes that the invested amount cannot be recouped. The company also states that the production will end by 2021 with the production of 14 aircrafts. It is important to study the reason behind the production failure of the Airbus A380 and the paper will also compare and contrast the research findings with the principles and concepts presented by Heizer, et al. Review of literature The technological development has been taken place at an increased rate resulting in the introduction of smart manufacturing systems and unmanned production lines. Smart manufacturing helps to reduce human intervention and also permits the systems to control the sites intelligently. Considering this, various Global manufacturers like Aviation and Aerospace companies are trying to develop various smart manufacturing methods. The virtual RESEARCH PAPER 4 factory system is the Digital manufacturing system that solves and manages the problems related to the overall production process by Linking with various sites in the virtual environment. The research proposals the systematic design as well as the strategic plan for the efficient implementation and usability to the real manufacturing companies. Moreover, a systematic and efficient way of introducing the virtual factory is presented with the help of diagnosis, analysis as well as the establishment of strategy, implementation plan and system design. (Choi, Kim, & Noh, 2015) The authors intended to identify the critical factors that constrain the implementation as well as the sustenance of the line strategies in the aviation industry and also the ways to avoid the slow attrition within the annals of lean. The research is exploratory and the survey methodology was used to assess the post lean management implementation. The purpose of the study is to cross sectional within the aircraft industry on the basis of information collected from the case study as well as the survey. The various reason behind the weak implementation of lean initiatives identified. Some of the measures undertaken in the study imply the successful turn around of the particular department. The comparison was also done with the automobile industry indicating the suggestions as well as pitfalls to be avoided. The reason behind the study was aircraft manufacturers and the limitations to them in terms of scope. The research has implications for the managers in almost all the industrial environment especially in the aviation sector for a lean supply chain establishment. The inputs were obtained based on both Industrial Research as well as case study having an impact on the lean management in industries. (Kumar, Sharma, Agarwal, 2015) The purpose of the research was to analyze empirically as well as with the use of the industry wide survey to establish and extent of the adoption of lean. It also verified the suitability in mitigating the prevalent maintenance repair and overhaul challenges. The empirical study mentioned in the paper was facilitated by the industry wide survey to gather RESEARCH PAPER 5 information from various organizations across the spectrum. The responses obtained from the industry leaders executive and professionals were synthesized with the existing literature to ascertain the extent of adoption of lean within the operational framework of the industry. The study helped in validating the usability of maintenance repair and overhaul context. However, it was found that the focus was skewed towards the production oriented functions as compared to the services oriented functions. The positive influence of lean has been observed by the results of the paper. (Ayeni, Ball, & Baines, 2016) The authors outline the application of Six Sigma methodology is the way to reduce the risk in the supply chain in the Aerospace maintenance repair and overhaul functions. In this context, the LSS method is utilized to know the economic impact on the selection of the maintenance strategy for aircraft display units and reduction in the turn around time variation of the display units. The research develops the approach that includes the development of the Monte Carlo technique to identify the most cost effective maintenance repair and overhaul strategy along with reducing variability in the turnaround time servicing in the display units. The authors found an effective development of the Six Sigma approach and the effectiveness in subsequently evaluated highlighting the benefit of the host organization. It is also found that there is a possibility to identify the most cost effective maintenance repair and overhaul strategy and suggestions regarding the suitable replacement policy to allow the development of appropriate maintenance schedules for the organization. (Andrew J. Thomas, Rachel Mason-Jones, Alan Davies, Elwyn G. John, 2015) The authors intended to review the current literature to analyze the human factors in the maintenance and areas that need improvements. The review is based on the novel framework for systematically grouping the human factors in three major categories Human Resource Management, workplace design, and human error. The Framework also included the two most important human factor frameworks: the economic domains framework and the RESEARCH PAPER 6 Swiss Cheese model. It is found that human factors in maintenance are the major issue. The important insights in context to the influence of human factor for the maintenance decision making. A robust framework has been established after incorporating various approaches. (Sheikhalishahi, Pintelon, & Azadeh, 2016) Martínez-Jurado & Moyano-Fuentes, (2014) intended to identify the critical explanatory factors that play an important role in the adoption of lean production. Qualitative methodology was used to accomplish the goal specifically a case study research in the Aerospace industry. The results stated that there are certain factors that resulted in the adoption of lean production and other strategies affecting the success of adoption includes the deeply rooted culture of Total Quality, the role of lean leader, the structure of the lean organization, the role of top management, and the institutional support. To control factors identified in the process of adoption are resistance & skepticism of people and unionization. (Martínez-Jurado & Moyano-Fuentes, 2014) The accidental events occurring in the manufacturing industries are mainly due to the factors like work method, maintenance, reliability, equipment design, and lack of training. The study is targeted to determine the contribution of failures of commonly used industrial equipment like machines, tools, material handling equipment, so as to analyze the casualty of industrial incidents and accidents. On the basis of the case study that targets to analyze the prevailing paper and pulp company accident database, analyses the number, type as well as gravity of failures involved in the accidents and their causes. The results show that the equipment failure results in a severe impact on the severity and number of accidents accounted for the database. 272 from 773 accidental events work closely associated with failure of equipment, out of which 13 had direct human consequences. The failures resulting in a direct or indirect impact were analyzed. (Bourassa, Gauthier, & Abdul-Nour, 2016) RESEARCH PAPER 7 The failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) is based on systematic methods to analyze the possible problems in the products or processes. The research also analyses the impacts of these problems on the products and processes that facilitate the adoption of improvement and prevention measures. FMEA focuses on the problem creating factors and also the solution for the problem according to the critical nature of the factor. FMEA identifies the factors to be improved. IPA was used to discuss the improvement of the performance of the factors. DEMATEL analysis explore the causal relationship and interaction with other factors. The study held in making decisions to solve the core problems. (Tsai, Yu, Ma, Luo, Zhou, Chen, & Xu, 2017) With the increase in the complexity of the Technologies systems, it has become very difficult for human operators to understand the working of the system. This resulted in the need for understanding the reasons behind the human error. Human error is considered as a constraint on the processes. A new process methodology was created to show how the technical systems, human error, external factors, evolve over time in the process. The applicability demonstrated with the help of the data set of studies. The method allows the analysis of cases individually and collectively for the patterns. The research states the methodological contribution and suggestions related to the new insights for the human error occurrence at landing. (Pons & Dey, 2015) The research focused to study the accidents caused due to the aviation which also includes the environmental, aircrew, supervisory as well as the organizational factors associated with two major types of commercial aviations which include commuter and your career. The accidents have been observed with the help of human factor analysis and classification system. It is a system which is based on the analysis and investigation of human errors for any kind of incidents and accidents. The research has shown that the system is reliable to identify the human factors with the military as well as general aviation accidents. RESEARCH PAPER 8 The research utilized the data obtained from Federal aviation administration, National transportation safety board, 6 pilot raters, and environmental factors associated with more than 1000 commercial aviation accidents took place in the past 13 years. The research found that most of the accidents were caused due to the causal factors like aircrew and the environment, and very fewer factors are associated with organizational and supervisory causes. Various comparisons were also made between the traditional situational variables like regional differences injury severity and visual conditions with the causal categories of the system. The research supports the continuation and modification of interventions for commercial aviation safety. (Lawry & Pons 2013) Analysis It's without a doubt a pitiful moment for the flight business, as this achievement of innovation and building enters its dusk years. Any of the 120 million travelers in the A380's 12-year history would without a doubt have affectionate recollections of first entering the twin-decked flying machine, visiting its on-flight bars and just taking in its sheer size. Airbus neglected to anticipate how purchasers' preferences for air travel would change throughout the years. They clutched the conviction that people would lean toward traveling to real airplane terminal "centers" like Singapore, Tokyo, New York and other enormous urban communities, making the twin-deck A380 the perfect decision for aircrafts. It would ease blockage in these bustling ports, offloading up to 800 travelers a period. Notwithstanding, Boeing got the high ground with their vision that explorers would incline toward taking littler, direct courses to their goals, paying little mind to the little planes and airplane terminals on offer. It took care of business for workers, and the proficient coordinations implied flights could be booked all the more adaptable and oblige all the more needs. Aircrafts purchase dependent on the requests of its travelers, and Boeing appears to have edged Airbus out in this two-tied race for the present. RESEARCH PAPER 9 While a seating limit of 800 may appear to be noteworthy at first, it is no simple accomplishment to top off. For carriers, it's a battle to simply breakeven, don't worry about its benefits. To augment income, carriers need to fill their seats, which is boosted with limits and advancements. This makes it hard to keep to income targets, particularly amid times when the economy is doing gravely – much increasingly void seats or dropped flights. Littler planes are less demanding to top off and less delicate to the financial downturn, turned out to be more economical and dependable than the enormous young men. Airplane terminals are required to experience a wide range of changes, from more extensive runways, bigger holding rooms and comforts for travelers, to greater storages. Its four gigantic turbines present an entirely different rundown of updates required, including more grounded landing area on the runway to withstand the sheer power of its four epic turbines, and signs that should be tilted, or moved, so they don't escape. These alterations don't come modest. Airplane terminals like San Francisco International Airport spent over $2 billion to construct new terminals that would encourage planes of such extents, and the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey spent up to $175 million on infrastructural redesigns for the A380 alone. Different air terminals just avoided the thought, narrowing the market for the A380. The open fly, which had its first business trip in 2007 with Singapore Airlines, was prominent with travelers however it was convoluted and costly to work, to a limited extent on account of the way creation was spread crosswise over different areas. At the end of the day interest for the A380 from aircraft evaporated as the business moved far from bigger planes for littler, wide-body planes. At the point when Airbus was imagining the A380, Boeing was additionally considering designs for a superjumbo. In any case, the US organization chose to scrap the thought for its littler, productive - and increasingly effective - 787 Dreamliner. RESEARCH PAPER 10 Considering the principles and concepts presented in Heizer, et al. Textbook, it is found that Boeing's procedure for its 787 Dreamliner is exceptional for its mechanically propelled product plan and huge worldwide store network. The Dreamliner joins the most recent in a wide scope of aviation advances, from airframe and motor structure to super-lightweight titanium-graphite cover and carbon-fiber composites. The electronic observing framework that enables the plane to report support prerequisites progressively to ground-based PC frameworks is another item development. Boeing's joint effort with General Electric and Rolls-Royce has brought about the advancement of increasingly proficient motors and an outflows decrease of 20%. The advances in motor innovation contribute as much as 8% of the expanded fuel/payload proficiency of the new plane, speaking to an about two-age bounce in innovation. (Heizer, Render, & Munson, 2017) The 787 is worldwide not just in light of the fact that it has a scope of 8,300 miles, yet additionally on the grounds that it is constructed everywhere throughout the world. With an immense monetary duty of over $5 billion, Boeing required accomplices. The worldwide idea of both the innovation and the airplane advertise implied finding remarkable building ability and providers, wherever they may be. It likewise implied building up a culture of joint effort and incorporation with firms willing to venture up to the hazard related to this progressive and extravagant new item. (Heizer, Render, & Munson, 2017) The creative Dreamliner, with its worldwide range and overall inventory network, is setting new dimensions of operational proficiency. Accordingly, it is the quickest selling business stream in history with more than 1,100 planes sold. Boeing's Dreamliner mirrors the worldwide idea of business in the 21st century. Conclusion Airbus A380 is the largest passenger Airlines in the world manufactured by the Airbus. Airbus launched $10.7 billion A380 programme on December 2000. The production RESEARCH PAPER 11 increased to 30 aircrafts per year in 2012 and 2014. Reasons for failure in the production management of Airbus A380 are sales were hindered by fundamental problems, growth outlook has changed causing a restructuring of aircraft orders, and end-to-end flying is taking over from hub-and-spoke. On the other hand, Boeing 787 Dreamliner seemed to be successful due to technologically advanced product design and vast global supply chain. 12 RESEARCH PAPER References Airbus scraps A380 superjumbo jet as sales slump. (2019). https://www.bbc.com/news/business-47231504 Andrew J. Thomas, Rachel Mason-Jones, Alan Davies, Elwyn G. John, (2015) "Reducing turn-round variability through the application of Six Sigma in aerospace MRO facilities", Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, Vol. 26 Issue: 3, pp.314-332 Ayeni, P., Ball, P., & Baines, T. (2016) "Towards the strategic adoption of Lean in aviation Maintenance Repair and Overhaul (MRO) industry: An empirical study into the industry’s Lean status", Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, Vol. 27 Issue: 1, pp.38-61 Bourassa, D., Gauthier, F., & Abdul-Nour, G. (2016). Equipment failures and their contribution to industrial incidents and accidents in the manufacturing industry. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, Volume 22, Pages 131-141. Choi, S., Kim, B., & Noh, S. (2015). “A diagnosis and evaluation method for strategic planning and systematic design of a virtual factory in smart manufacturing systems”, International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing, Volume 16, Issue 6, pp 1107–1115 Heizer, J. H., Render, B., & Munson, C. (2017). Operations management: Sustainability and supply chain management. RESEARCH PAPER 13 Kumar, R., Sharma, M., & Agarwal, A. (2015) "An experimental investigation of lean management in aviation: Avoiding unforced errors for better supply chain", Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, Vol. 26 Issue: 2, pp.231-260 Lawry K, Pons DJ. (2013). Integrative Approach to the Plant Commissioning Process. J Indust Eng (572072): 1-12. Martínez-Jurado, P. & Moyano-Fuentes, J. (2014). “Key determinants of lean production adoption: evidence from the aerospace sector”, Production Planning & Control, Volume 25, 2014 - Issue 4 Mohammad Sheikhalishahi, Liliane Pintelon, Ali Azadeh, (2016) "Human factors in maintenance: a review", Journal of Quality in Maintenance Engineering, Vol. 22 Issue: 3, pp.218-237 Pons, D. & Dey, K. (2015). Aviation Human Error Modelled as a Production Process. The Ergonomics Open Jou ...
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School: Duke University

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Introduction
Airbus A 380 is the largest passenger Airlines in the world manufactured by the Airbus

(BBC, 2019).
Airbus launched $10.7 billion A380 programmes on December 2000.
The prototype was launched on January 2005 and the first flight on 27th April 2005.
Initially, it was delivered to Singapore Airlines in October 2007.
The production increased to 30 aircraft per year in 2012 and 2014.
The total investment on the aircraft was more than $25 billion, and the company concedes
that the invested amount cannot be recouped.
The company also states that the production will end by 2021 with the production of 14
aircraft (BBC, 2019).
The research aims to identify the reasons that led to the failure in the production
management of the Airbus A380.

Methodology
A literature review as the methodology to examine the causes of the failure of the Airbus

A380 was carried out.
The literature reviewed include the following;
According to Choi et al., (2015) journal on a diagnosis and evaluation method for strategic
planning and systematic design of a virtual factory in smart manufacturing systems.
The auth...

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