Running head: QUESTION RESPONSES
2. Problems Faced By Radical Reconstruction Governments. Major Accomplishments of
When the Union won the Civil War in 1865, it also meant freedom for 4 million slaves.
However, what followed was a process of rebuilding the South between 1865 and 1877, referred
to as the Reconstruction period, and presented more challenges. President Andrew Johnson’s
administration between 1865 and 1866 brought more challenges, for instance southern starts
passed new laws referred to as black codes which were intended to control the behavior and
labor of former slaves and generally African Americans (Behrend, 2015). There was outrage
among Northern states over these black codes which took away from the support of Presidential
Reconstruction and resulted in the triumph of the Republican Party, a wing that was more
radical. This was referred to as Radical reconstruction which started from 1867. The Radical
Reconstruction period gave newly enfranchised African Americans a voice for the first time in
government, where some won elections in Southern states and even the Congress (Behrend,
2015). However, the period was characterized by the reactionary factions like the Ku Klux Klan,
which reversed the changes that Radical Reconstruction brought and restored the supremacy of
whites in southern states. The efforts that Radical Republicans made in the Reconstruction to
provide more freedoms for Black communities generated backlash in the south. Whites started to
fight against a concept they referred to as Negro misrule. The implication was an emergence of
paramilitary terrorists who were responsible for atrocities against black communities which were
aimed at redeeming the south (Behrend, 2015). In most scenarios, the organizations were an
extension of the Democratic Party.
By 1866, Northern voters hated the policies of Andrew Johnson and Congress started
Reconstruction again with the enactment of Reconstruction Act of 1867. The Act provided for a
division of the South to military districts and outlined how governments would be formed. This
was the beginning of Radical Reconstruction (Behrend, 2015). By 1870, all Confederate states
were part of the Union and nearly under the control of the Republican Party. African Americans
were the majority of voters for Southern Republicans. Since the Reconstruction began, black
conventions in the South championed for an extension of the rights of African Americans.
Comprising of people who had been free prior to the Civil war, veterans of the war, artisans,
ministers, and black political leaders who championed for the end of the racial case system and
policies to uplift former slaves. There were 16 African Americans serving in Congress in the
Reconstruction period and over 600 in state legislatures and hundreds in local offices in the
South. The introduction of African Americans to political offices was the beginning of a break
from the traditions of the country and the implication was hostility from opponents of
reconstruction. With a larger citizenry, Reconstruction gover...
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