Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) discussion

timer Asked: Mar 7th, 2019
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Question Description

1- Identifies the disease condition. Gives a brief statement of incidence and prevalence in the US. Summarizes the pathophysiology and Identifies the typical clinical presentation seen in a patient with the disease COPD, this included unique Pathophysiology,risk factors, signs and symptoms with differentials with diagnosis tools and a small description about the treatment of COPD.

2- Application of course knowledge: Unique perspectives/insights applicable with the disease process

3- Support from Evidence-Based Practice (EBP): Evidence from appropriate sources published within the last 5 years. In- text citations and full references are provided. Note: APA style references and in text citations are required,

Tutor Answer

School: Duke University



Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease(COPD)

Student’s Name
Institution Affiliation




COPD is a disease caused by regular obstruction of lung's airways during inhalation and
exhalation process. COPD results from conditions like chronic asthma, havoc in the respiratory
system, emphysema and chronic bronchitis. COPD conditions vary depending on the strength of
an individual's immunity and the environment exposed to after acquiring Chronic Obstructive
Pulmonary Disease. Therefore, the flow of fresh air needed for respiration when obstructed for
long results to death. In the US, COPD is a common disease, but scientists have realized that it is
easily preventable and treatable. Airflow limitation in human trachea are early symptoms of
COPD, and medical interventions should be provided early (Fragoso, 2015). Therefore, the paper
discusses chronic obstructive pulmonary disease by use of unique perspectives.
COPD Conditions
The chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a progressive lung disease commonly
abbreviated as COPD. Two forms of COPD include Emphysema and chronic bronchitis. COPD
easily destroy lungs, especially in the air sacs where air flows inwards and outwards. Common
conditions of COPD include wheezing, shortness of breath, chronic cough and chest tightness.
The alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency influences conditions like chronic bronchitis and emphysema
(Maters, DeVoogd, Sanderman & Wempe, 2014). When COPD conditions intensify, the amount
of oxygen flowing to the lungs may reduce, and the heart becomes heavy when pumping blood
to reach body tissues. Excess mucus and damaged cilia are readily detected in an individual with
COPD. COPD conditions enlarge heart and result in a condition called ‘cor pulmonale' which its
early symptoms include shortness of breath. More so, bronchiectasis is a condition under COPD



that damages the inner lining of the lung and makes airways less functional. Sputum production
causes pneumonia in children, and such may be attributed as earlier conditions of COPD.
Conditions common in an individual with chronic bronchitis include inflammation of
bronchial tubes and irritation in lung airways. Swelling de...

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Tutor went the extra mile to help me with this essay. Citations were a bit shaky but I appreciated how well he handled APA styles and how ok he was to change them even though I didnt specify. Got a B+ which is believable and acceptable.

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