AMU Week 6 Cyber Bullying among children Paper

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Question Description

This assignment is due at the end Week 6. This assignment is a continuation of assignment one (1). In Assignment one (1) you choose from the six (6) problems children experience daily. For this assignment, address the same issue from an applied perspective.

  • What is being done to address this problem?
  • Is there a consensus about how to improve this problem, or is there a great deal of controversy?
  • What solutions have already been tried for this problem?
  • How successful have these solutions been?
  • What are the barriers to solving this problem?
  • What resources are available in YOUR community to deal with this problem?
  • Future approaches to the problem
  • How will this problem be addressed in the future?
  • How successful are these solutions likely to be?

Number of published, peer-reviewed sources required; must all be published within the last 8 years. (5)

Length required (not including title page and references 800 to 1200 words

The problem I selected was Cyber Bullying. Attached is the paper you wrote previously on the subject.

Unformatted Attachment Preview

Running head: CYBERBULLYING 1 Cyberbullying Byron Sago American Military University CYBERBULLYING 2 Cyberbullying Cyberbullying involves the use of technology to, embarrass, threaten, and harass another person. Notably, it includes an array of harmful actions and words taking place in the digital world among young people. It takes place through, web forums, chat rooms, social networking platforms, apps, and text messaging. In essence, frequent cyberbullying leave both the bully and the victim at a greater risk of stress-related disorders such as anxiety, depression, or even suicide. This essay will, therefore, discuss cyberbullying among children. The use of the internet among young people has become pervasive. However, some children use this technology negatively to target others in online bullying. Cyberbullying entails the use of the cellphone and internet to send images or post text with the intent of hurting or embarrassing someone else (Englander et al., 2017). As a result, a child becomes repeatedly humiliated, harassed, threatened, and tormented by another child using instant messaging, chat rooms, or email. Unfortunately, this menacing problem is dramatically increasing and more young people are ending up becoming victims. Based on statistics, 35.2 % of children aged between 12-17 were victims of online bullying while 12.5% had engaged in cyberbullying in their lifetime (Barlett et al., 2016). This implies that cyberbullying has become a prevalent menace and creates a lot of problems for young people. Cyberbullies post embarrassing information or personal data of their victims on digital media forums in order to humiliate them. Generally speaking, a cyber-bully is a product of a harsh environment where he or she is verbally or physically abused (Brewer & Kerslake, 2015). Nevertheless, there are several theories that try to explain this detrimental behavior. CYBERBULLYING 3 Consequently, the victim is negatively affected by online bullying. As a result, online bullying has an adverse implication on children. For instance, the emotional effects of online bullying include fear, embarrassment, depression, sadness, loneliness, anxiety and anger (Aboujaoude, 2015). Furthermore, the behavioral effects of online bullying include substance use, assaultive conduct, psychosocial difficulties, lower academic performance, absenteeism, school difficulties, and decreased family relationship quality. Examining cyberbullying using a theoretical framework is fundamental in establishing reasons and identifying opportunities to intervene. That being said, cyberbullying theories help us to comprehend the correlation between children, technology, and cyberbullying (Brewer & Kerslake, 2015). Furthermore, the theories can be used in making informed decisions regarding addressing, intervention, and prevention of cyberbullying. The following are the possible theories that explain cyberbullying behavior among children. First, the dual-perspective theory of bullying views cyberbullying from the perspective of a self-proclaimed bully as well as a selfproclaimed victim. Second, peer ecology unifying the theory of bullying views bullying as a socially complex phenomenon. Third, the general strain theory of aggression in which a positive attitude towards online bullying propagates the behavior (Zych, Baldry, & Farrington, 2017). Fourth, routine activities victimization theory in which a motivated cyberbully and a suitable victim propagates the behavior. Other theories include uses and gravitational theory, ecological system theory, and choice theory. Rudimentary to the theories, the predictors of cyberbullying include perceived anonymity, descriptive norms, injunctive norms, previous victimization, lack of consequences, and perceived online disinhibition. CYBERBULLYING 4 The research critically explores the prevalence of cyberbullying, its consequences, and theories of cyberbullying. However, the research has not been comprehensive in exploring cyberbullying since due to lack of psychometric evidence including evidence of validity and reliability. Besides, inconsistencies that prevail in online bullying measurements limits the research. With a setting like this, there is an absolute need to develop a comprehensive explanatory framework for online bullying in order to create effective intervention measures. In the end, I find the research relatively credible (70%). There prevail key aspects concerning cyberbullying in children. As such, the following are common key aspects of online bullying.it is a form of bullying using electronic media and device. Online bullying is a deliberate act with an aim of causing harm (Englander et al., 2017). Moreover, it is a repetitive act. It entails a relationship characteristic attributed by an imbalance of power. Furthermore, there is a perception of anonymity in the act. Finally, online bullying has an extensive audience. However, there are definition discrepancies of online bullying (Zych, Baldry, & Farrington, 2017). For instance, the legal definition of online bullying does not match as some integrate child pornography, harassment, or stalking. To sum up, online bullying has become increasingly pervasive due to the advancement in IT including social media sites, chat rooms, text messaging, and email. Cyberbullying has an adverse implication to the victim including depression, embarrassment, anxiety, anger, psychosocial difficulties, substance abuse, absenteeism, and low academic performance. There are an array of theories that try to explain online bullying behavior. However, there is a need to create a comprehensive explanatory framework for online bullying that will drive the development of intervention strategies. CYBERBULLYING 5 References Aboujaoude, E., Savage, M. W., Starcevic, V., & Salame, W. O. (2015). Cyberbullying: Review of an old problem gone viral. Journal of adolescent health, 57(1), 10-18. Barlett, C. P., Gentile, D. A., & Chew, C. (2016). Predicting cyberbullying from anonymity. Psychology of Popular Media Culture, 5(2), 171. Brewer, G., & Kerslake, J. (2015). Cyberbullying, self-esteem, empathy, and loneliness. Computers in human behavior, 48, 255-260. Retrieved from https://s3.amazonaws.com/academia.edu.documents/44692214/Cyberbullying_ self-esteem_empathy_and_lo20160413-7500db2jlr.pdf?AWSAccessKeyId=AKIAIWOWYYGZ2Y53UL3A&Expires=154 9630865&Signature=%2FDhJBUM3aT3a3GVk8xU80qZajbs%3D&responsecontent-disposition=inline%3B%20filename%3DCyberbullying_selfesteem_empathy_and_lo.pdf Englander, E., Donnerstein, E., Kowalski, R., Lin, C. A., & Parti, K. (2017). Defining cyberbullying. Pediatrics, 140(Supplement 2), S148-S151. Retrieved from http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/pediatrics/140/Supplement_2/S14 8.full.pdf Zych, I., Baldry, A. C., & Farrington, D. P. (2017). School bullying and cyberbullying: Prevalence, characteristics, outcomes, and prevention. In Handbook of Behavioral Criminology (pp. 113-138). Springer, Cham. Cyberbullying outline Introduction to cyberbullying Cyberbullying situation • Prevalence of cyberbullying Effects of cyberbullying Theories of cyberbullying • Significance of the theories of cyberbullying • Dual-perspective theory of bullying • Peer ecology unifying theory • General strain theory • Routine activities victimization theory • Other theories Credibility of the research Key aspects in cyberbullying Conclusion References Aboujaoude, E., Savage, M. W., Starcevic, V., & Salame, W. O. (2015). Cyberbullying: Review of an old problem gone viral. Journal of adolescent health, 57(1), 10-18. Barlett, C. P., Gentile, D. A., & Chew, C. (2016). Predicting cyberbullying from anonymity. Psychology of Popular Media Culture, 5(2), 171. Brewer, G., & Kerslake, J. (2015). Cyberbullying, self-esteem, empathy, and loneliness. Computers in human behavior, 48, 255-260. Retrieved from https://s3.amazonaws.com/academia.edu.documents/44692214/Cyberbullyi ng_self-esteem_empathy_and_lo20160413-7500db2jlr.pdf?AWSAccessKeyId=AKIAIWOWYYGZ2Y53UL3A&Expires=1 549630865&Signature=%2FDhJBUM3aT3a3GVk8xU80qZajbs%3D&resp onse-content-disposition=inline%3B%20filename%3DCyberbullying_selfesteem_empathy_and_lo.pdf Englander, E., Donnerstein, E., Kowalski, R., Lin, C. A., & Parti, K. (2017). Defining cyberbullying. Pediatrics, 140(Supplement 2), S148-S151. Retrieved from http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/pediatrics/140/Supplement_2/S 148.full.pdf Zych, I., Baldry, A. C., & Farrington, D. P. (2017). School bullying and cyberbullying: Prevalence, characteristics, outcomes, and prevention. In Handbook of Behavioral Criminology (pp. 113-138). Springer, Cham. ...
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Tutor Answer

shellyt
School: Carnegie Mellon University

Attached.

OUTLINE

Cyber Bullying from and Applied Perspective
• What
• Is

is being done to address this problem?

there a consensus about how to improve this problem, or is there a great deal of
controversy?

• What

solutions have already been tried for this problem?

• How successful

have these solutions been?

• What

are the barriers to solving this problem?

• What

resources are available in YOUR community to deal with this problem?

• Future approaches
• How will
• How

to the problem

this problem be addressed in the future?

successful are these solutions likely to be?


Running Head: CYBER BULLYING

1

Cyber Bullying

Institution Affiliation

Date

CYBER BULLYING

2
Cyber Bullying

Cyber bullying is a worldwide well-being problem with the capabilities of disrupting and
destroying the existence of young ones, youths and their relatives. Cyber bullying can result to
depression, school absences even suicide. There are various definitions of cyber bullying but it
primarily refers to the careful and continuous utilization of technology by a person to cause
destruction or humiliation to another individual or to a group of people. The most known types of
cyber bullying among children includes defamation, impersonation, revelation, deception,
exposure and marginalization. The known adult forms of cybercrimes comprise of cyber stalking
and cyber harassment which can also affect the pediatric population. The advancement of
technology has allowed cyberbullying information to be transmitted an...

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