Foothill Frankenstein's Cat and genetic engineering discussion

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Question Description

Self-Directed Research Paper

Monsters Quote

Your Task:

For this assignment, you will write a research paper of at least 2000 words on a topic of your choice that is connected to the class theme of "Monsters."

Approaches:

  • Fictional: Look at a fictional movie, TV episode, music video, or piece of media and do a close analysis of the "monster/villain"
  • Historical: Look at a real-life dictator, serial killer, scientist, social network, etc. and do an analysis of the coverage of the person.
  • Scientific: Look at modern science e.g. cloning, Crispr, genetic modification etc. and decide whether that type of science is creating modern heroes or monsters.
  • Current events: Do a deep dive on a current event like border control, politics, make-up, sports, and analyize whether your topic is helping society or harming it?

The Steps:

  1. Pick an issue related to the broad theme of "monsters" that interest you e.g something from the class or Frankenstein's Cat.
  2. Narrow down the topic to something you can cover in 2000+ words e.g. "Is it ethical to conduct cloning research for profit?" or "What modern fear does the monster in Birdboxrepresent?"
  3. Read articles and books, and watch some media clips that interest you on that topic. Make sure to get sources you agree and disagree with
  4. Put your sources on your source list. You must use the sources in the Annotated Bibliography.
  5. After doing a little research, develop your topic on your issue develop a hypothesis. Basically, take a stand on how your topic impacts the local community. Hint: This will turn into your thesis.
  6. This project will culminate in your research paper.

Essay Task:

Write a 2000+ argumentative analysis research paper, written in response to a research question of your choice about monsters.

Essay Requirements:

  1. An introduction that provides context on the topic, eases the reader into your essay and has a “hook” that grabs people’s attention.
  2. A thesis statement or controlling idea that takes a strong stand and is narrow enough to cover within the page limit e.g. if your umbrella topic is “The nudism movement promotes a healthy body image” you would have to narrow that down into a more focused topic that fits into that larger topic.
  3. Research is a secondary concern and personal voice is first.
  4. Transitional topic sentences that are clear, provocative, develop your thesis, and provide unity in your essay.
  5. Body paragraphs that have a transition, a topic sentence, multiple examples, and a concluding sentence.
  6. You must use research that you used in Essay #4
  7. The Quote Sandwich model (lead-in, quote, and analysis of quote) must be used with each quote.
  8. Some analysis of all your supporting examples.
  9. A conclusion that offers some ideas about what can be done about the situation.
  10. Strong sentences that are both grammatically correct and sophisticated.
  11. MLA in-text citations and a Works Cited page are required for this paper.

PAPER FORMAT:

o 2000+ words (about 8+ pages).THIS DOES NOT INCLUDE THE WORKS CITED PAGE!

o Size 12 Times New Roman Font

o Have: Name, Class, Date, Assignment, and Topic in upper left-hand corner.

o A title that is not GENERIC

o Paper MUST follow MLA format and MLA citation guidelines.

WHAT A SUCCESSFUL ESSAY WILL HAVE

Introduction:

  • A title specific to the topic
  • An attention getter
  • Background on the topic (please make it clear which prompt you are answering)
  • End with your thesis
  • Include a clearly stated thesis (your opinion – your 1-2 sentence response to the essay prompt) which speaks to the “so what” of the issue and is not merely a list plan of development.

Body:

  • Topic sentence that is related to the thesis
  • Supporting evidence
  • Quotes from the text (Remember to cite the quotes)
  • Consideration of and rebuttal against the other side of the topic

Conclusion:

  • DO NOT bring up a new topic
  • A suggestion of the consequences of your position for society, individuals, what you want to happen in the future, etc.

Works Cited:

  • Please include a Works Cited page at the end of your paper.
  • Please make sure the Works Cited page follows MLA formatting rules.

Evaluation Criteria for Your Essay:

I will use the following criteria to evaluate your position paper:

  1. Have you engaged the readers’ interest at the beginning and throughout the paper?
  2. Have you chosen an arguable position and defined it carefully (e.g. placing the issue in its historical or cultural context, citing specific instances to make the issue seem less abstract, or establishing or redefining the terms of the debate)?
  3. Have you organized your paper into an introduction, body (containing several paragraphs), and conclusion?
  4. Have you included at the end of the introduction a thesis statement that asserts a clear, unequivocal position on the issue you have chosen and, possibly, forecasts the stages of the argument, identifying the main reason or reasons that you will develop and support in the essay?
  5. Have you given reasons why readers should take your position seriously?
  6. Have you organized your reasons into a logical order (e.g. placing the strongest reason last and the second-strongest reason first, with the other reasons in the middle)?
  7. Have you supported each reason with examples, facts, analogies, statistics, anecdotes, or quotes from authorities?
  8. Have you anticipated readers’ questions and their positions on an issue, counterarguing as needed?
  9. Have you signaled explicitly the move from one topic to the next using forecasting statements, transitions, topic sentences, rhetorical questions, and/or summaries?
  10. Have you cited at least 8 sources in your essay, using MLA in-text (parenthetical) citation strategies correctly?
  11. Have you integrated the sources into your essay, using signal phrases to introduce long quotations or incorporating shorter quotations into the sentences smoothly?
  12. Have you included an MLA Works Cited at the end of your essay?
  13. Are the sentences clear and correct?

Unformatted Attachment Preview

Liu 1 Essay #1 Final Draft Proposing the Monster Introduction: The advancement in the field of science, specifically in biotechnology and animal genetic engineering is providing possibilities for improving human intellectual, psychological and physical capacities. Scientists are coming up with brave, imaginative and daring inventions to the aspiration of humanity. An example is Emily Anthes, who incorporates science into animal life through her fictional book, ​Frankenstein’s Cat. ​The purpose of the following paper is to address the advancement and the contribution of this book in the field of genetic engineering. The target audiences are scientists in this field. The information will provide an insight into the progress and imaginations that have been made in this field through the book. Description of the Issue: Genetic engineering uses the components of genes in animals by altering their functions in processes such as deleting, inserting or changing the information in the DNA of the genes to include or eliminate specific characteristics. Most research in genetic engineering in animals is done to advance the field of medicine and to create exotic species of animals. The purpose of this research is to evaluate the contribution and the insight of scientist in the field of genetic engineering. Information from such a basis will be critical in forming the foundation for future researches. The main argument of this research is that science is reshaping the animal kingdom with the possibility of improving human life. These modifications are associated with the options of impacting positively to the world. Liu 2 The writer of this book considers humanity as a force of nature that influences animals willingly or unwillingly. She raises a concern on if the man should shape the bodies and lives of animals, in which way should this be done, the tools that should be used, and how the process should be conducted. Her work also raises concerns the results of these scientific activities. She also stresses that genetic engineering is neither good nor bad, but its utilization by humankind determines its true nature. The practice in genetic engineering is associated with innovation, which could be utilized to solve the puzzles in the public health and environmental degradation, which will ultimately save countless lives as well as saving environment. What the Research Paper will Add: ● Evaluate the potential of genetic engineering in animals and possible impacts in human life ● Review the impacts of procreation between animals that have been genetically modified. ● Examine the potential for conflicting animals’ rights ● Examine genetic engineering in animal’s perspectives ● The research will add on the available knowledge on the subject of genetic engineering in animals. ● It will review the different opportunities and biological limitations for the humankind as well as for animals, since the two categories share a similar environment, and therefore, the influence of one category on the other. Type of Research: Liu 3 ● Conducting primary interview with Emily Anthes ● This research will be a review of various sources of information such as books, movies, and articles in the discipline of genetic engineering. ● Reviewing articles on animal rights with regards to genetic modification ● Evaluating the scientific articles on the subject matter ● Review of seminal talks such as Ted Talks of genetically modified animals. ● The research will involve conducting an intensive search for the opinions and contributions of various people in genetic engineering in animals. ● A summary of the findings will then be written to facilitate making conclusions for this research topic. Conclusion: Eventually, this research will impact the public as well as the scientist in the field of genetic engineering. The public is the main recipient of the efforts and advancement of this field, and therefore, if people reject the results of scientist, the entire field will be meaningless. On the other hand, scientists will gain additional insight into the work of various other scientists, which may form the basis for their future work. The success of genetic engineering depends on the collaboration between the public and scientists. Liu 1 Essay #2 Final Draft How Frankenstein’s Cat book contributes in the field of genetic engineering Source list with CARS Scores 1. Synthetic biology CARS score: 22 Readability level: 62.4 Quote: “Any change in the bioscience and the related relations to the society over the last two decades offers a special opportunity for examination of the changes in the language useful for experimenting the impacts” (Hellsten and Brigitte 357). Summary: The article explores the metaphorical language used in the English language as a way of conceptualizing new types of bioscience. The findings of the study show that four key metaphors were utilized between 2009 and 2010. Note: The article is fundamentally useful for it show how cultural and social knowledge about computers, books and engines are interrelated to the knowledge of revolutions made in science studies (the printing, industrial revolution and information) Work cited Hellsten, Iina, and Brigitte Nerlich. "Synthetic biology: building the language for a new science brick by metaphorical brick." ​New Genetics and Society​ 30.4 (2011): 375-397. 2. Playing God CARS score: 19 Readability level: 52.4 Liu 2 Quote: “The finalization of human genome project, cloning and the recent controversy concerning the stem cell studies have elicited lively and heated debates among the public policy makers and religious thinkers” (Peter n.p) Summary: In this article, the author put in light the crucial issues in the continuing genetic engineering debate and makes connections between human efforts to managing technological innovations and the concept of God. Note: The primary article is critically useful for it explores the issue of genetic engineering and how it relates to the concept of creation in the eye of God. Work cited Peters, Ted. ​Playing God?: Genetic Determinism and Human Freedon​. Routledge, 2014. 3. Mass destruction CARS score: 18.6 Readability level: 49.9 Quote: “The British and US Genetic Engineering policy to the invasion and conquering of Iraq, by analogy, dismissed the pro-GM argument as unreliable and untrustworthy” (Cook 5). Summary: The scholarly journal details the findings of two-year projects exploring the British press and their comprehensive coverage of the debate revolving around the genetically modified food during the second half of 2004 and both the experts and non-experts on the issue. During the study, two anti-GM and two pro-GM newspapers were chosen for the study investigation and analysis, and the articles that were mentioning the genetically modified food during that time were safeguarded in the machines readable databases. The data was then analyzed with the use of discourse analytic and corpus linguistic Liu 3 techniques to disclosing the themes, recurrent wording and content. The analysis of the study was complemented by 14 interviews with experts who were engaged in the communication of the GM issues. In addition, a 15 focus-group session was involved in which the public members reacted differently to the chosen newspapers and texts with other genetically modified materials. Both in the public reaction and in the press, the concept of GM was noted to be intimately linked with other political events of the past, most significantly the invasion and conquering of Iraq. Note: The journal is crucially significant because it treats genetic modified food as a politically motivated issue Work cited Cook, Guy, Peter T. Robbins, and Elisa Pieri. "“Words of mass destruction”: British newspaper coverage of the genetically modified food debate, expert and non-expert reactions." Public Understanding of Science​ 15.1 (2006): 5-29. 4. Ethical issues CARS score: 17.6 Readability level: 45.9 Quote: “Scientific inquiries and studies are related to the issue of animal experimentation in the human history and popular imagination” (Bishop 91). Summary: In this journal, the author argues that most of the significant innovations in the treatment of the human maladies and medical understanding of the condition have been widely used in the animal-related researches. Nevertheless, the usage of animals in the experimentation and research has been heavily debated, protested and defended by both Liu 4 the organizations and individuals in at various levels. Responses can range from fervent philosophical articles and individual lifestyles to violent demonstration, strident arguments and direct action. The continued attitude about the human relationship and animal relationships is said to range between the people with do not support the regulation of the usage of animals and those who advocate for animal liberation. Note: The journal is essentially important for it looks into the sensitive issue of animal cloning and the related ethics. Work cited Bishop, Laura Jane, and Anita L. Nolen. "Animals in research and education: Ethical issues." Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal​ 11.1 (2001): 91-112. 5. Technological determinism CARS score: 16.6 Readability level: 44.9 Quote: “The technological analysis by the sociologists, historians, and philosophers has been declining over the years” (Mody 95). Summary: The topic of technological determinism and genetic engineering is of core important, considerably in the examination of the dynamics of the emerging and advancing technologies and its related researching areas. This is notably noticeable in the nanotechnology whereby the futurist traditions, employ classical argumentative determinism. In this case, therefore, nanotechnology concentrates more on the look into the past and future than the current traditional disciplines. Liu 5 Note: The article explores significant ways of nona-presentism and recommends ways of exploring the issues of nano-determinism Work cited Mody, Cyrus CM. "Small, but determined: Technological determinism in nanoscience." Nanotechnology challenges: implications for philosophy, ethics and society.​ 2006. 95-130. 6. Cloning CARS score: 19.4 Readability level: 36.9 Quote: “Metaphors commonly used in the newspaper and on the internet including ‘cloned organs are killers” (Nerlich 223). Summary: The genetically modified plants can be classified or grouped into different metaphors such as ‘Plants are humans’ or ‘clones are plants’ - it is claimed that the issue of cloning is debated or described in terms of the present stock characters, including Frankenstein’ monster – fictional account of cloning. Note: The author sound philosophically inclined when he argue that although there are numerous cases of fictional cloning, no single individual has been cloned. Work cited Nerlich, Brigitte, David D. Clarke, and Robert Dingwall. "Clones and crops: The use of stock characters and word play in two debates about bioengineering." ​Metaphor and symbol​15.4 (2000): 223-239. Liu 6 7. Interfering with nature CARS score: 19.4 Readability level: 36.9 Quote: “Conceptualization of the natural order and nature of things from the foundation anchor in our public debate, public understanding, and the controversy about the numerous developments in genetic research and in animal, human, and plant biotechnology, has been heavily researched” (Hansen 51). Summary: The author argues that nature is a social construct, and it is a God-given and the proper order of the universe. However, the magazine involves in examining the concept of nature in public arena regarding the advancements made in the biotechnology and genetic engineering. Note: The magazine shows how nature is useful and is frequently invoked in public debates about genetic application and research Work cited Hansen, Anders. "Tinkering with nature: discourses of ‘nature’in media coverage of genetics and biotechnology." ​Comunicação e Sociedade​ 6 (2012): 51-74. 8. Animal breeding CARS score: 19.4 Readability level: 36.9 Quote: “Humans think that they are free to meddle with animal kingdom in the name of ‘adopting good measures of breeding” (Katherine n.p). Liu 7 Summary: the author show how the advancements of biotechnology has given rise to manipulation of animals. The results of this behavior are considered to be beneficial but sometimes absurd. Note: The article is significantly critical for it view the subject of cloning as both profitable and inhuman. Work cited Katherine Bouton, ‘A High-Tech Menagerie’. New York Times (2013) 9. Genetic Aesthetic statistics CARS score: 23.4 Readability level: 46.9 Quote: “The popularization of films and novels show how animals are now considered as the primary means of representing the rapid and proliferation and development of genetically modified organisms” (McHugh 173). Summary: The interplay of scientific technologies and aesthetics in the post-Darwinian portrayal animal special in social lane. The transgenic form of animals explains why human is now considered to be 0.4% genetically extracted from animals. Note: The contradiction of animal representation in the popular media has opened up possibilities for genetic engineering. Work cited McHugh, Susan. "The call of the other 0.1%: genetic aesthetics and the new Moreaus." Leonardo’s Choice.​ Springer, Dordrecht, 2009. 173-192. Liu 8 10. The mad scientist CARS score: 29.4 Readability level: 35.9 Quote: “Frankenstein is celebrated as a modern myth, rewriting Christian and classical mythology to challenging the moral lessons derived from the story” (Koepke n.p). Summary: Complex portrayal of the Frankenstein as an enormous creature has made it impossible to analyze the character as a hero, victim or villain. For instance, about 30 percent of the readers acknowledge that they are unsure of how to identify or define the character. Note: Frankenstein’s myth portrays science as a fundamental paradigm, representing the visions of science as passionate societal endeavor. Work cited Koepke, Yvette. "Lessons from Frankenstein: narrative myth as ethical model." ​Medical humanities​ (2018): medhum-2017. 11. Biotechnology and strange creature CARS score: 24.4 Readability level: 34.9 Quote: “Frankenstein’s Cat book makes you to rethink your relationship with animals” (Marc n.p). Liu 9 Summary: In this article, the author notes that Ms. Anthes cites numerous examples of dangers of genetic engineering including endangering of other animals through cloning, creation of frozen zoos, and engineering mutant species. Note: The book explores the dangers of bioengineering projects and threat they pose to the animal kingdom Work cited Marc Bekoff. “Frankenstein's Cat: Biotechnology, Strange Creatures, and Us”. Psychology Today. 2013 12. Challenges of genetic engineering CARS score: 19.4 Readability level: 34.9 Quote: “Genetic engineering is significantly changing the world around us” (Shawwna n.p). Summary: The author shows how “Frankenstein’s Cat”, a book by Emily Anthes looks into the science behind the genetic engineering of the animal creatures and the ethical implication of the practice. Note: The article describes the concept of pharming, which is a branch of biotechnology responsible for farming of animals to be used in pharmacology. Work cited Shawwna Buttery. “Frankenstein's Cat by Emily Anthes looks at how genetic engineering is changing the animals around us.” Yeastgrrl.Blogspot (2015) 13. Bad ethics Liu 10 CARS score: 17.3 Readability level: 24.8 Quote: “Genetic engineering is a remiss in addressing social and ethical issues of the new technology” (Rollin 535). Summary: The book shows how the issue of genetic engineering perturbs society and hence difficulties in differentiating between spurious and genuine ethical issues the technology poses. Note: The concept of ‘welfare conservation’ is described as the plausible moral guidance to the precepts of genetic engineering Work cited Rollin, Bernard E. "Bad ethics, good ethics and the genetic engineering of animals in agriculture." ​Journal of animal Science​ 74.3 (1996): 535-541. 14. Creatures of new generation CARS score: 16.3 Readability level: 19.8 Quote: “Frankenstein’s cat gave birth to invention of new creatures including androids and robots engineering in the world of artificial intelligence” (Gastaldi n.p). Summary: The book explores how and to what extent the creatures of new millennium have departed from or are similar to the creatures depicted in the Frankenstein’s Cat book Note: technology and science are challenging the humanity with the possibility of new world of human race made from genetic engineering Work cited Liu 11 Gastaldi, Sandra MM. ​Brave new creatures: a comparative study of Mary Shelley's Frankenstein and the creatures of the new millenium.​ MS thesis. 2015. 15. Fiction education CARS score: 15.3 Readability level: 25.8 Quote: “Fiction stimulates scientists to develop and acquire self-induced opinions concerning the scientific issues” (Knippels 2057). Summary: In the study, post-test design and pre-test experimentations were used, and involved one control group and two treatment groups. The results from the study demonstrate that scientific imagination has positive impact on their studying skills. Note: The study show the important of stimulating students’ imagination through fictional studies Work cited Knippels, M. C. P., Severiens, S. E., & Klop, T. (2009). Education through Fiction: Acquiring opinion-forming skills in the context of genomics. ​International Journal of Science Education​, ​31​(15), 2057-2083. 16. Animal enhancement CARS score: 16.0 Readability level: 35.2 Quote: “The issue of animal enhancement is a central focus of the transhumanist advocates” (Ferrari 13). Liu 12 Summary: The article constructs a key debate about the issue of animal enhancements and the current study on the subject. The problem of animal experimentation is said to rely on the general view that emphasize the important of eliminating the negative drawbacks of nature. Note: Project of animal enhancement portrays nature as the last frontier that can easily be colonized by human’s technological advancements Work cited: Ferrari, Arianna. "Animal Enhancement: Technovisionary Paternalism and the Colonisation of Nature." ​Inquiring into Animal Enhancement: Model or Countermodel of Human Enhancement?​. Palgrave Pivot, London, 2015. 13-33. Liu 1 Essay #3 Annotated Bibliography Bekoff, Marc. “Frankenstein's Cat: Biotechnology, Strange Creatures, and Us.” ​Psychology Today​, Sussex Publishers, 12 Nov. 2013, www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/animal-emotions/201311/frankensteins-cat-biotechn ology-strange-creatures-and-us. Psychology Today is a website that deals with critical issues relating to behavioral and social psychology. In this special article, Marc shows how fundamental Frankenstein’s Cat book is and how it has dramatically changed the world of genetic engineering. The author takes a look at the numerous examples of dangers presented by science genetic engineering. To back his research, March gives an example demonstrating how genetic engineering is endangering animals through the process of cloning, engineering mutant species, and creation of frozen zoos. The article will be significantly important in my research project; it is thoroughly argumentative about the central issue of cloning and genetic engineering. Furthermore, the article is comprehensively clear and presentable. In other words, it is written in easy, understandable language that appeals to all classes of readers. For instance, the first sentence captures the importance of genetic engineering and how the concept is putting animals in d ...
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School: New York University

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Surname 1
Name
Professor
Class
Date
How Frankenstein’s Cat book contributes to the field of genetic engineering
Introduction
Debates surrounding biotechnology has essentially bordered two opposing ends that are
extreme positions prevailing on both sides of the discourse. According to the proponents, the
benefits of biotechnology have been exemplified and tend to include curing of disease infections
and disabilities among millions of people, production of more nutritious food products with
minimum pollution to the environment, enhancing human intellectual and physical capacities as
well as retarding the ravages of aging (Bishop, Laura & Anita 94). Scientists have made
attempts to make use of science to solve some of the human problems such as eradication of
cancers and other deadly diseases, making death optional, dramatically boost the intellectual and
physical capacities of humanity and reestablish the natural environment. Conversely, the
opposing advocates of the benefits of biotechnology have primarily employed the ethical
concepts in supporting their arguments against the discourse, talking of cloning for example as a
serious ethical concern.
In her book, the Frankenstein’s Cat, Emily Beasts writes about the recent biotechnology
advancements in animal bioengineering. Even though humans have spent several years on the
planet influencing the animal genes domesticated by them in farms, the complexity of the things
they can achieve at the moment has dramatically increased over time, both in depth and scope.

Surname 2
The animal genes have been manipulated over time for assorted reasons and purposes, some
have been to save lives in terms of disease treatment and cure, but some reasons have been
purely for cosmetic and aesthetic reasons (Peters 11). Notably, the author discusses
bioengineering without moral turpitude and judgment, in the process, leaving everything up to
the consumers of her literature discourse to decide if indeed, she addresses the ethical questions
and facts presented, if at all she does.
With a series of divided chapters, the author plunges into the designer pets that fall under
the “Go Fish” chapter. At this point, she points to the current trends in bioengineering such as the
glowing zebrafish made from the infusion of the DNA extracted from the fluorescent jellyfish
and inserted right into the embryo of the jellyfish. Branded the name Glo-Fish, the transgenic
pets have successfully been availed in pet stores. They have been designed to assume the look of
miniature tigers which are also perfect examples of the genetically engineered organisms
designed purposely for visual satisfaction (Hansen 55).
The second chapter of the book is “Got-Milk” since the chapter mainly tackles the
various aspects of scientific breakthroughs that go beyond the manipulation of DNA to produce
sparkling consumer fishes. In this chapter, the Anthes interrogates researchers who have
undertaken the gene insertion into goats that produce milk containing the enzyme lysozyme
which is a potent agent of bacteria (Gastaldi 29). The researchers noted that the milk produced
almost have unlimited medical use as the added genes ac...

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Anonymous
Tutor went the extra mile to help me with this essay. Citations were a bit shaky but I appreciated how well he handled APA styles and how ok he was to change them even though I didnt specify. Got a B+ which is believable and acceptable.

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