art of olmecs, mayans, and aztecs

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1. Describe For which artworks were the Olmec best known?

2. Explain Why were Mayan cities constructed with large central plazas?

3. Explain How was art linked to sacrificial rituals in the Aztec culture?

4. Recall What was Machu Picchu? Where and why was it built

Sep 10th, 2015

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1. Describe For which artworks were the Olmec best known?

The Olmec were best known for their colossal heads: these massive stone heads, thought to represent rulers, stand several feet high and weigh many tons. The Olmecs also made massive stone thrones: squarish blocks, carved on the sides, which were evidently used for rulers to sit or stand upon. The Olmecs made large and small sculptures, some of which are very significant

2. Explain Why were Mayan cities constructed with large central plazas?

Mayan  cities were constructed with large central plazas because were primarily constructed for worship. Mayan cities were built around religious temples to their gods.

3. Explain How was art linked to sacrificial rituals in the Aztec culture?

The Aztec believed that they owed everything to the gods who created themselves as well as the world around them. The would perform sacrifices in order for a good crop yield or good weather among other things. They believed that the best way to repay them was to offer up blood to them in regular rituals. Although many just assume this was human blood, they also sacrificed animals as well.


4. Recall What was Machu Picchu? Where and why was it built

  The Machu Picchu  was built  on a mountain ridge above the Sacred Valley northwest of Cuzco. it was was built as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti

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Sep 10th, 2015

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