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1. Describe For which artworks were the Olmec best known?
The Olmec were best known for their colossal heads: these massive stone heads, thought to represent rulers, stand several feet high and weigh many tons. The Olmecs also made massive stone thrones: squarish blocks, carved on the sides, which were evidently used for rulers to sit or stand upon. The Olmecs made large and small sculptures, some of which are very significant
2. Explain Why were Mayan cities constructed with large central plazas?
Mayan cities were constructed with large central plazas because were primarily constructed for worship. Mayan cities were built around religious temples to their gods.
3. Explain How was art linked to sacrificial rituals in the Aztec culture?
The Aztec believed that they owed everything to the gods who created
themselves as well as the world around them. The would perform
sacrifices in order for a good crop yield or good weather among other
things. They believed that the best way to repay them was to offer up
blood to them in regular rituals. Although many just assume this was
human blood, they also sacrificed animals as well.
4. Recall What was Machu Picchu? Where and why was it built
The Machu Picchu was built on a mountain ridge above the Sacred Valley northwest of Cuzco. it was was built as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti
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