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Running head: JOB SATISFACTION
Employee job satisfaction is an important and key aspect of any business. An
understanding of job satisfaction and aspect of keeping employees happy guarantees the business
chances of success in the modern contemporary business environment. Keeping employees happy
and satisfied at the workplace leads to lower employee turnover, higher productivity, increased
profits and loyalty. To gain the above fruits of job satisfaction does not take much effort but a
precise understanding of employee satisfaction priorities which include, good pay, good working
environment, feel respected, and the presence of opportunities for advancement in their careers.
The essay reviews articles on the various principles of job satisfaction to create an understanding
of how the various aspects of job satisfaction.
Stress at work: how can we cope?
Occupational stress is an important principle of job satisfaction. Based on an article on
"Stress at the workplace and how to cope" with, business managers have a vital role to play in
avoiding employee occupational stress. This aspect is important to deal with due to the aspect that
they are obstacles that may rise hence prevent the business from attending to day to day activities.
An organization with low levels of occupational stress encourages high levels of employee job
satisfaction. Workplace stress is a problem that affects many organizations negatively. This is due
to the aspect that not only does it affect the employee's health but it also affects employee
performance. The negative impact of stress calls for a need for business leaders to understand the
aspect and develop mechanisms to mitigate its impacts on the business (Carr, Kelley, Keaton &
To begin with, one needs to understand its causes. Stress is perceived to be caused by three
main influences in the workplace — aspects include increased job demands, individual differences,
and social demands. Irrespective of the magnitude, stress has negative influences on the employee's
performance. Although higher magnitudes of stress lead to higher risks on the employee. Due to
this aspect, the key to handling stress is by taking breaks. Other measures that can be used by
business managers to reduce levels of occupational stress include an improvement in levels of
communication and assigning reasonable workloads. Some of the major symptoms of occupational
stress include an inability to concentrate, negative attitude, constant worry, irritability, sense of
isolation, moodiness, eating disorders, drug abuse. As business managers, it is important to
recognize and learn how different persons behave as a result of occupational stress and how to
react to stressors to avoid aspects that result from stressors. Stress often results in increased
employee turnover, high rates of absenteeism, low productivity, and low levels of equality levels.
Unfortunately, there is no standardized process for resolving stress related aspects in occupations.
However, the situation can be coped with through several ways which include, exercise, peer
support, and engagement in laughter conversations. The prevention of extreme levels of this aspect
results in higher levels of job satisfaction (Carr, Kelley, Keaton & Albrecht, 2011).
The wages of absenteeism is low status
Absenteeism is another key principle of job satisfaction. Higher absentees, rates indicate
higher rates of employee dissatisfaction. In another article on "the wages of absenteeism is low
status" according to the article, aspects of absenteeism negatively correlate with absolute wages,
hierarchal levels, and relative wages. According to the article, employees with a higher relative
and absolute wages and have higher hierarchal ranks have low levels of absenteeism this aspect
points out the importance of individual interdependence preferences and status (Pfeifer, 2010).
The article also perceives to give rise to other issues which include equal wage structure. Based
on static neoclassical labor supply model, employee absenteeism can be interpreted as a worker
adjustment to equilibrium strategy. In this aspect, most of the employees who chose to be absent
to reduce work. Additionally, studies relate aspects of absenteeism to low pay. Other aspects that
are related to wages were misconduct in the workplace. On the other hand, the higher relative wage
is related to higher job effort and less absenteeism at the workplace. Additionally, higher
hierarchies at the workplace are associated with higher pay. However, hierarchical levels do not
influence another person's efforts. Generally, poor wage structures have negative influences on
job satisfaction aspects that lead to higher absenteeism for employees with poor payment (Pfeifer,
The dangers of implementing a merit pay practice
Wages are significant aspects that play a major role in employee job satisfaction. Based on
an article on "The dangers of implementing a merit pay practice” merit pay practice has numerous
levels of effects on employee satisfaction and performance. This aspect supports the notion of pay
for individual employee performance. This aspect of business operation only motivates
productivity but to a greater deal affects employee job satisfaction. The implementation of the
merit suffers numerous barriers on the aspect of performance assessment criteria and the allocation
of payment and underlying usefulness upon implementation. The numerous bar...