MGT 362 University of Phoenix Biases in Data Analysis

timer Asked: Mar 7th, 2019
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Question Description

Data analysis is about using information and knowledge to make decisions. Although it can be presumed that the data is objective, it is possible to skew results due to heuristic errors and biases.

Identify three biases that can influence the outcome of an analysis.

Explain what they are and how they arise.

Provide suggestions on how each bias can be minimized or overcome.

Write a 1,050- to 1,400-word paper, using a minimum of THREE peer reviewed sources.

Submit in APA Format

Tutor Answer

School: UIUC



Biases in Data Analysis
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Biases in Data Analysis
There are various biases in data analysis and it important to understand these biases and
how they occur. The three biases which can influence data analysis include confirmation bias,
selection bias and confounding bias.
Confirmation Bias
Confirmation bias refers to the tendency to search for information or interpret
information in a way which favors one’s beliefs. Confirmation bias can occur when people
obtain information which is not useful but they assume that it supports their working thesis. It
also occurs when sensitivity is high and a predictive value is inflated (Del Vicario et al, 2017).
Confirmation bias is a systematic error of inductive reasoning and its effect will usually be
stronger for emotionally charged issues as well as deep beliefs. In this type of bias people will
search for information in a one sided way and they will phase questions in order to receive an
affirmative answer which supports their theory. In such a situation an individual will look for
consequences which they would expect if their hypothesis was true.
Though the preference for positive results is in itself not a disadvantage, combining this
with other effects is not sustainable since this will just rely on a confirmation of existing
assumptions. Confirmation bias will contribute to overconfidence in personal beliefs and
therefore lead to poor decisions (Del Vicario et al, 2017).Confirmation bias can have a major
effect on the processing of information and this leads to the expectations of the person
influencing their own behavior. It is a selective collection of evidence to support what one
believes and at the same time rejecting evidence which su...

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Tutor went the extra mile to help me with this essay. Citations were a bit shaky but I appreciated how well he handled APA styles and how ok he was to change them even though I didnt specify. Got a B+ which is believable and acceptable.

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