Running head: THE EFFECTS OF MINING OPERATIONS ON GROUNDWATER
The Effects of Mining Operations on Groundwater
THE EFFECTS OF MINING OPERATIONS ON GROUNDWATER
Mining plays a crucial role in the economy of a nation. On the other hand, mining has
adverse impacts on the environment. The mining operation has many stages that exert pressure
on the environment. Some of the notable consequences that arise as a result of mining include;
degradation of lands, forests and biodiversity loss, contamination of soil, pollution of air, noise,
vibrations, deterioration of natural system of drainage, and pollution of both surface and
groundwater. One of the most significant impacts of mining it’s the effects it has on water
sources especially groundwater. Some of the consequences caused by mining practices on
groundwater have long term devastating impacts.
Water plays a vital role in the survival of living being. Water plays this role by being
directly consumed and used to maintain the environment. The degree to which water is plentiful
or scarce, clean or contaminated, useful or destructive governs the quality of life to a
considerable extent. Groundwater is estimated to be extremely large, but the bigger share of it is
deep sheeted. Since groundwater is not exposed to the hydrological cycle like surface water, it
lacks self-cleaning quality. Groundwater is reached, disturbed as well as contaminated mainly by
mining operations in the womb of the earth.
One of the main impacts of m...
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