The yellow wallpaper essay

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Subject: 3.5...teacher additional instructions included as well
·3.5 Dropbox – Critical Analysis of “The Yellow Wall-paper”: This is your first fully-developed literary analysis essay. Before beginning, make sure your thesis statement includes the title of the work (in quotation marks), the type of work, the author’s full name, two specific literary devices, and a universal theme. The theme cannot be limited to the characters in the story. Every part of the body of your paper should be focused on providing evidence for your thesis statement. Your claims must be plausible and supported using the text itself. Here is a template for your thesis statement: In Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s short story “The Yellow Wall-paper,” she uses (specific literary device #1) and (specific literary device #2) to show that (universal lesson, message, or theme). The thesis statement needs to be the final sentence of your introductory paragraph. Finally, don’t forget to evaluate Gilman’s message using biblical principles in your conclusion.
Introduction
Alignment
For this assignment, you will write a complete four-paragraph essay on Gilman's "The Yellow Wall-paper." This paper will build upon a revised version of the thesis you developed in the previous workshop.
Upon successful completion of this assignment you will be able to:
  • Identify various literary devices (such as characterization, setting, and/or symbolism)
  • Explain how literary devices are used to communicate truths about humankind (and perhaps about God) in a work of fiction.
  • Construct an organized, coherent, specifically supported literary analysis.
  • Analyze the message of a literary text using specific biblical principles.
Resources Instructions
  1. Content and Structure: Write a four-paragraph, two-to-three page-paper on Gilman's "The Yellow Wallpaper" in which you use two separate literary devices to prove your thesis. One of your body paragraphs should focus on characterization of the central female character. You should focus on John (the husband) or on setting or symbolism for your second body paragraph. The conclusion of this paper also needs to evaluate all or part of Gilman's message (as you are communicating that message in your thesis) with biblical principles. Use the Literary Analysis Structural Outline as a template for your paper. Treat the structural outline like a contract each individual piece of which you must try your best to carefully and creatively fulfill. After you have completed what you think is your final draft, compare it again to the structural outline link to make sure you have not missed anything!!!
  2. Process and Order: It is strongly suggested that you DRAFT the pieces of this paper in the order described in the Literary Analysis Process Guide and then arrange those pieces in the order described in the Literary Analysis Structural Outline
  3. Save a copy for yourself and post a copy in Dropbox by the end of the workshop.

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This is a reproduction of a library book that was digitized by Google as part of an ongoing effort to preserve the information in books and make it universally accessible. https://books.google.com Ji i ml;- A. yjr Willi ion The Arthur and Elizabeth SCHLESINGER LIBRARY on the History of Women in America RADCLIFFE COLLEGE Gift of Reinhard S. peck z.^ fc^VC"*) in/^f ip^^^^ ^.c '. i THE YELLOW WALL PAPER THE YELLOW WALL PAPER BY CHARLOTTE PERKINS STETSON BOSTON SMALL, MAYNARD & COMPANY v Ou It s / 3■ i /?*/ 4 Copyright, 1892 By New England Magazine Corporation Copyright, 1899 By Small, Maynard & Company Rockwell & Churchill Press Boston, U.S.A. ■ This story is reprinted from The New England Magazine of January, 1892, by permission of the publisher, to -whom the thanks of the Author are due. The cover design is by Mr. E. B. Bird. THE YELLOW WALL PAPER IT is very seldom that mere ordinary people like John and myself secure ancestral halls for the summer. A colonial mansion, a hereditary estate, I would say a haunted house, and reach the height of romantic felicity, — but that would be asking too much of fate! Still I will proudly declare that there is something queer about it. Else, why should it be let so cheap ly? And why have stood so long un tenanted ? John laughs at me, of course, but one expects that in marriage. John is practical in the extreme. He has no patience with faith, an in tense horror of superstition, and he I THE YELLOW WALL PAPER scoffs openly at any talk of things not to be felt and seen and put down in figures. John is a physician, and perhaps — (I would not say it to a living soul, of course, but this is dead paper and a great relief to my mind) — perhaps that is one reason I do not get well faster. You see, he does not believe I am sick! And what can one do? If a physician of high standing, and one's own husband, assures friends and relatives that there is really nothing the matter with one but temporary nervous depression, — a slight hysteri cal tendency, — what is one to do ? My brother is also a physician, and THE YELLOW WALL PAPER also of high standing, and he says the same thing. So I take phosphates or phosphites, — whichever it is, — and tonics, and journeys, and air, and exercise, and am absolutely forbidden to " work " until I am well again. Personally I disagree with their ideas. Personally I believe that congenial work, with excitement and change, would do me good. But what is one to do ? I did write for a while in spite of them; but it does exhaust me a good deal — having to be so sly about it, or else meet with heavy opposition. I sometimes fancy that in my con dition if I had less opposition and more 3 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER society and stimulus — but John says the very worst thing I can do is to think about my condition, and I con fess it always makes me feel bad. So I will let it alone and talk about the house. The most beautiful place! It is quite alone, standing well back from the road, quite three miles from the village. It makes me think of English places that you read about, for there are hedges and walls and gates that lock, and lots of separate little houses for the gardeners and people. There is a delicious garden! I never saw such a garden — large and shady, full of box-bordered paths, and lined with long grape-covered arbors with seats under them. 4 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER There were greenhouses, too, but they are all broken now. There was some legal trouble, I believe, something about the heirs and co-heirs; anyhow, the place has been empty for years. That spoils my ghostliness, I am afraid; but I don't care — there is something strange about the house — I can feel it. I even said so to John one moon light evening, but he said what I felt was a draught, and shut the window. I get unreasonably angry with John sometimes. Pm sure I never used to be so sensitive. I think it is due to this nervous condition. But John says if I feel so I shall neglect proper self-control ; so I take 5 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER pains to control myself, — before him, at least, — and that makes me very tired. I don't like our room wanted one downstairs a that bit. I opened on the piazza and had roses all over the window, and such pretty, old-fash ioned chintz hangings! but John would not hear of it. He said there was only one window and not room for two beds, and no near room for him if he took another. He is very careful and loving, and hardly lets me stir without special direction. I have a schedule prescription for each hour in the day ; he takes all care from me, and so I feel basely ungrate ful not to value it more. He said we came here solely on my 6 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER account, that I was to have perfect rest and all the air I could get. "Your exercise depends on your . strength, my dear," said he, " and your food some what on your appetite ; but air you can absorb all the time." So we took the nursery, at the top of the house. It is a big, airy room, the whole floor nearly, with windows that look all ways, and air and sunshine galore. It was nursery first and ground and then play gymnasium, I should judge ; for the windows are barred for little children, and there are rings and things in the walls. The paint and paper look as if a boys' school had used it. It is stripped off" — the paper — in great patches all around the head of my bed, about as far 7 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER as I can reach, and in a great place on the other side of the room low down. I never saw a worse paper in my life. One of those sprawling flamboyant patterns committing every artistic sin. It is dull enough to confuse the eye in following, pronounced enough to constantly irritate, and provoke study, and when you follow the lame, uncer tain curves for a little distance they suddenly commit suicide — plunge off at outrageous angles, destroy them selves in unheard-of contradictions. The color is repellant, almost re volting; a smouldering, unclean yellow, strangely faded by the slow-turning sunlight. It is a dull yet lurid orange in some places, a sickly sulphur tint in others. 8 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER No wonder the children hated it ! I should hate it myself if I had to live in this room long. There comes John, and I must put this away, — he hates to have me write a word. THE YELLOW WALL PAPER We have been here two weeks, and I haven't felt like writing before, since that first day. I am sitting by the window now, up in this atrocious nursery, and there is nothing to hinder my writing as much as I please, save lack of strength. John is away all day, and even some nights when his cases are serious. I am glad my case is not serious! But these nervous troubles are dread fully depressing. John does not know how much I really suffer. He knows there is no reason to suffer, and that satisfies him. Of course it is only nervousness. It does weigh on me so not to do my duty in any way! I meant to be such a help to John, 10 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER such a real rest and comfort, and here I am a comparative burden already! Nobody would believe what an effort it is to do what little I am able — to dress and entertain, and order things. It is fortunate with the baby. Mary is so good Such a dear baby! And yet I cannot be with him, it makes me so nervous. I suppose John never was nervous in his life. He laughs at me so about this wall paper! At first he meant to repaper the room, but afterwards he said that I was letting it get the better of me, and that nothing was worse for a nervous patient than to give way to such fancies. He said that after the wall paper 11 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER was changed it would be the heavy bedstead, and then the barred win dows, and then that gate at the head of the stairs, and so on. " You know the place is doing you good," he said, " and really, dear, I don't care to renovate the house just for a three months' rental." "Then do let us go downstairs," I said, "there are such pretty rooms there." Then he took me in his arms and called me a blessed little goose, and said he would go down cellar if I wished, and have it whitewashed into the bargain. But he is right enough about the beds and windows and things. It is as airy and comfortable a room 12 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER as any one need wish, and, of course, I would not be so silly as to make him uncomfortable just for a whim. I'm really getting quite fond of the big room, all but that horrid paper. Out of one window I can see the garden, those mysterious deep-shaded arbors, the riotous old-fashioned flow ers, and bushes and gnarly trees. Out of another I get a lovely view of the bay and a little private wharf belonging to the estate. There is a beautiful shaded lane that runs down there from the house. I always fancy I see people walking in these numer ous paths and arbors, but John has cautioned me not to give way to fancy in the least. He says that with my imaginative power and habit of story 13 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER making a nervous weakness like mine is sure to lead to all manner of excited fancies, and that I ought to use my will and good sense to check the ten dency. So I try. I think sometimes that if I were only well enough to write a little it would relieve the press of ideas and rest me. But I find I get pretty tired when I try. It is so discouraging not to have any advice and companionship about my work. When I get really well John says we will ask Cousin Henry and Julia down for a long visit ; but he says he would as soon put fire-works in my pillow-case as to let me have those stimulating people about now. H THE YELLOW WALL PAPER I wish I could get well faster. But I must not think about that. This paper looks to me as if it knew what a vicious influence it had! There is a recurrent spot where the pattern lolls like a broken neck and two bulbous eyes stare at you upsidedown. I got positively angry with the im pertinence of it and the everlastingness. Up and down and sideways they crawl, and those absurd, unblinking eyes are everywhere. There is one place where two breadths didn't match, and the eyes go all up and down the line, one a little higher than the other. I never saw so much expression in an inanimate thing before, and we all know how much expression they have ! IS THE YELLOW WALL PAPER I used to lie awake as a child and get more entertainment and terror out of blank walls and plain furniture than most children could find in a toy- store. I remember what a kindly wink the knobs of our big old bureau used to have, and there was one chair that always seemed like a strong friend. I used to feel that if any of the other things looked too fierce I could always hop into that chair and be safe. The furniture in this room is no worse than inharmonious, however, for we had to bring it all from downstairs. I suppose when this was used as a play room they had to take the nursery things out, and no wonder ! I never saw such ravages as the children have made here. 16 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER The wall paper, as I said before, is torn off in spots, and it sticketh closer than a brother — they must have had perseverance as well as hatred. Then the floor is scratched and gouged and splintered, the plaster it self is dug out here and there, and this great heavy bed, which is all we found in the room, looks as if it had been through the wars. But I don't mind it a bit — only the paper. There comes John's sister. Such a dear girl as she is, and so careful of me ! I must not let her find me writing. She is a perfect, an housekeeper, and ter profession. hopes enthusiastic for no bet I verily believe she 17 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER thinks it is the writing which made me sick ! But I can write when she is out, and see her a long way off from these windows. There is one that commands the road, a lovely, shaded, winding road, and one that just looks off over the country. A lovely country, too, full of great elms and velvet meadows. This wall paper has a kind of subpattern in a different shade, a particu larly irritating one, for you can only see it in certain lights, and not clearly then. But in the places where it isn't faded, and where the sun is just so, I can see a strange, provoking, form less sort of figure, that seems to sulk 18 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER about behind that silly and conspic uous front design. There's sister on the stairs! l9 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER Well, the Fourth of July is over! The people are all gone and I am tired out. John thought it might do me good to see a little company, so we just had mother and Nellie and the children down for a week. Of course I didn't do a thing. Jennie sees to everything now. But it tired me all the same. John says if I don't pick up faster he shall send me to Weir Mitchell in the fall. But I don't want to go there at all. I had a friend who was in his hands once, and she says he is just like John and my brother, only more so! Besides, it is such an undertaking to go so far. I don't feel as if it was 20 worth THE YELLOW WALL PAPER while to turn my hand over for any thing, and Pm getting dreadfully fretful and querulous. I cry at nothing, and cry most of the time. Of course I don't when John is here, or anybody else, but when I am alone. And I am alone a good deal just now. John is kept in town very often by serious cases, and Jennie is good and lets me alone when I want her to. Sd I walk a little in the garden or down that lovely lane, sit on the porch under the roses, and lie down up here a good deal. Pm getting really fond of the room in spite of the wall paper. because of the wall paper. 21 Perhaps THE YELLOW WALL PAPER It dwells in my mind so! I lie here on this great immovable bed — it is nailed down, I believe — and follow that pattern about by the hour. It is as good as gymnastics, I assure you. I start, we'll say, at the bottom, down in the corner over there where it has not been touched, and I determine for the thousandth time that I -will follow that pointless pattern to some sort of a conclusion. I know a little of the principles of design, and I know this thing was not arranged on any laws of radiation, or alternation, or repetition, or symmetry, or anything else that I ever heard of. It is repeated, of course, by the breadths, but not otherwise. Looked at in one way, each breadth 22 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER stands alone, the bloated curves and flourishes — a kind of "debased Ro manesque " with delirium tremens — go waddling up and down in isolated columns of fatuity. But, on the other hand, they con nect diagonally, and the sprawling outlines run off" in great slanting waves of optic horror, like a lot of wallow ing seaweeds in full chase. The whole thing goes horizontally, too, at least it seems so, and I exhaust myself in trying to distinguish the order of its going in that direction. They have used a horizontal breadth for a frieze, and that adds wonderfully to the confusion. There is one end of the room where it is almost intact, and there, when 23 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER the cross-lights fade and the low sun shines directly upon it, I can almost fancy radiation, after all, — the inter minable grotesques seem to form around a common centre and rush off in head long plunges of equal distraction. It makes me tired to follow it. I will take a nap, I guess. 24 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER I don't know why I should write this. I don't want to. I don't feel able. And I know John would think it absurd. But I must say what I feel and think in some way — it is such a relief ! But the effort is getting to be greater than the relief. Half the time now I am awfully lazy, and lie down ever so much. John says I mustn't lose my strength, and has me take cod-liver oil and lots of tonics and things, to say nothing of ale and wine and rare meat. Dear John! He loves me very dearly, and hates to have me sick. I tried to have a real earnest reasonable 25 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER talk with him the other day, and tell him how I wished he would let me go and make a visit to Cousin Henry and Julia. But he said I wasn't able to go, nor able to stand it after I got there ; and I did not make out a very good case for myself, for I was crying before I had finished. It is getting to be a great effort for me to think straight. Just this nervous weakness, I suppose. And dear John gathered me up in his arms, and just carried me upstairs and laid me on the bed, and sat by me and read to me till he tired my head. He said I was his darling and his comfort and all he had, and that I must 26 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER take care of myself for his sake, and keep well. He says no one but myself can help me out of it, that I must use my will and self-control and not let my silly fancies run away with me. There's one comfort, the baby is well and happy, and does not have to occupy this nursery with the horrid wall paper. If we had not used it that blessed child would have! What a fortunate escape! wouldn't Why, I have a child of mine, an impressionable little thing, live in such a room for worlds. I never thought of it before, but it is lucky that John kept me here, after all. I can stand it so much easier than a baby, you see. 27 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER Of course I never mention it to them any more, — I am too wise, — but I keep watch of it all the same. There are things in that paper that nobody knows but me, or ever will. Behind that outside pattern the dim shapes get clearer every day. It is always the same shape, only very numerous. And it is like a woman stooping down and creeping about behind that pattern. I don't like it a bit. I won der — I begin to think — I wish John would take me away from here! 28 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER It is so hard to talk with John about my case, because he is so wise, and be cause he loves me so. But I tried it last night. It was moonlight. The moon shines in all around, just as the sun does. I hate to see it sometimes, it creeps so slowly, and always comes in by one window or another. John was asleep and I hated to waken him, so I kept still and watched the moonlight on that undulating wall paper till I felt creepy. The faint figure behind seemed to shake the pattern, just as if she wanted to get out. I got up softly and went to feel and see if the paper did move, and when I came back John was awake. 29 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER "What is it, little girl?" he said. "Don't go walking about like that — you'll get cold." I thought it was a good time to talk, so I told him that I really was not gaining here, and that I wished he would take me away. "Why, darling ! " said he, "our lease will be up in three weeks, and 1 can't see how to leave before. " The repairs are not done at home, and I cannot possibly leave town just now. Of course if you were in any danger I could and would, but you really are better, dear, whether you can see it or not. I am a doctor, dear, and I know. You are gaining flesh and color, your appetite is better. I feel really much easier about you." 3° THE YELLOW WALL PAPER "I don't weigh a bit more," said I, K nor as much ; and my appetite may be better in the evening, when you are here, but it is worse in the morn ing, when you are away." "Bless her little heart!" said he with a big hug; " she shall be as sick as she pleases. But now let's improve the shining hours by going to sleep, and talk about it in the morning." "And you won't go away?" I asked gloomily. "Why, how can I, dear? It is only three weeks more and then we will take a nice little trip of a few days while ready. Jennie is getting the house Really, dear, you are better ! " " Better in body, perhaps " — I be gan, and stopped short, for he sat up 31 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER straight and looked at me with such a stern, reproachful look that I could not say another word. "My darling," said he, "I beg of you, for my sake and for our child's sake, as well as for your own, that you will never for one instant let that idea enter your mind! There is noth ing so dangerous, so fascinating, to a temperament like yours. and foolish fancy. It is a false Can you not trust me as a physician when I tell you so?" So of course I said no more on that score, and we went to sleep before long. He thought I was asleep first, but I wasn't, — I lay there for hours trying to decide pattern whether that front and the back pattern really did move together or separately. 32 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER On a pattern like this, by daylight, there is a lack of sequence, a defiance of law, that is a constant irritant to a normal mind. The color is hideous enough, and unreliable enough, and infuriating enough, but the pattern is torturing. You think you have mastered it, but just as you get well under way in following, it turns a back somersault, and there you are. It slaps you in the face, knocks you down, and tramples upon you. It is like a bad dream. The outside pattern is a florid ara besque, reminding one of a fungus. If you can imagine a toadstool in joints, an interminable string of toadstools, bud ding and sprouting in endless convolu tions, — why, that is something like it. 33 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER That is, sometimes! There is one marked peculiarity about this paper, a thing nobody seems to notice but myself, and that is that it changes as the light changes. When the sun shoots in through the east window — I always watch for that first long, straight ray — it changes so quickly that I never can quite believe it. That is why I watch it always. By moonlight — the moon shines in all night when there is a moon — I wouldn't know it was the same paper. At night in any kind of light, in twilight, candlelight, lamplight, and worst of all by moonlight, it becomes bars! The outside pattern, I mean, and the woman behind it is as plain as can be. 34 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER I didn't realize for a long time what the thing was that showed behind, — that dim sub-pattern, — but now I am quite sure it is a woman. By daylight she is subdued, quiet. I fancy it is the pattern that keeps her so still. It is so puzzling. It keeps me quiet by the hour. I lie down ever so much now. John says it is good for me, and to sleep all I can. Indeed, he started the habit by making me lie down for an hour after each meal. It is a very bad habit, I am convinced, for, you see, I don't sleep. And that cultivates deceit, for I don't tell them I'm awake, — oh, no! The fact is, I am getting a little afraid of John. 35 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER He seems very queer sometimes, and even Jennie has an inexplicable look. It strikes me occasionally, just as a scientific hypothesis, that perhaps it is the paper! I have watched John when he did not know I was looking, and come into the room suddenly on the most inno cent excuses, and I've caught him several times looking at the paperl And Jennie too. I caught Jennie with her hand on it once. She didn't know I was in the room, and when I asked her in a quiet, a very quiet voice, with the most restrained manner possible, what she was doing with the paper she turned around as if she had been caught stealing, and 36 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER looked quite angry — asked me why I should frighten her so! Then she said that the paper stained everything it found yellow touched, that smooches she had on all my clothes and John's, and she wished we would be more careful! Did not that sound innocent? But I know she was studying that pattern, and I am determined that nobody shall find it out but myself ! 37 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER Life is very much more exciting now than it used to be. You see I have something more to expect, to look for ward to, to watch. I really do eat better, and am more quiet than I was. John is so pleased to see me improve ! He laughed a little the other day, and said I seemed to be flourishing in spite of my wall paper. I turned it off with a laugh. I had no intention of telling him it was be cause of the wall paper — he would make fun of me. He might even want to take me away. I don't want to leave now until I have found it out. There is a week more, and I think that will be enough. 38 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER I'm feeling ever so much better! I don't sleep much at night, for it is so interesting to watch developments ; but I sleep a good deal in the daytime. In the daytime it is tiresome and per plexing. There are always new shoots on the fungus, and new shades of yellow all over it. I cannot keep count of them, though I have tried conscientiously. It is the strangest yellow, that wall paper ! It makes me think of all the yellow things I ever saw — not beauti ful ones like buttercups, but old foul, bad yellow things. But there is something else about that paper — the smell! I noticed it the moment we came into the room, but with so much air and sun it was 39 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER not bad. Now we have had a week of fog and rain, and whether the windows are open or not the smell is here. It creeps all over the house. I find it hovering in the dining-room, skulking in the parlor, hiding in the hall, lying in wait for me on the stairs. It gets into my hair. Even when I go to ride, if I turn my head suddenly and surprise it — there is that smell! Such a peculiar odor, too ! I have spent hours in trying to analyze it, to find what it smelled like. It is not bad — at first, and very gentle, but quite the subtlest, most en during odor I ever met. In this damp weather it is awful. 40 I THE YELLOW WALL PAPER wake up in the night and find it hang ing over me. It used to disturb me at first. I thought seriously of burning the house — to reach the smell. But now I am used to it. The only thing I can think of that it is like is the color of the paper — a yellow smell! There is a very funny mark on this wall, low down, near the mopboard. A streak that runs around the room. It goes behind every piece of furniture, except the bed, a long, straight, even smooch, as if it had been rubbed over and over. I wonder how it was done and who did it, and what they did it for. Round and round and round — round and round and round — it makes me dizzy ! 41 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER I really have discovered something at last. Through watching so much at night, when it changes so, I have finally found out. The front pattern does move — and no wonder ! The woman behind shakes it ! Sometimes I think there are a great many women behind, and sometimes only one, and she crawls around fast, and her crawling shakes it all over. Then in the very bright spots she keeps still, and in the very shady spots she just takes hold of the bars and shakes them hard. And she is all the time trying to climb through. But nobody could climb through that pattern —it strangles 42 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER so ; I think that is why it has so many heads. They get through, and then the pat tern strangles them off and turns them upside-down, and makes their eyes white ! If those heads were covered or taken off it would not be half so bad. 43 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER I think that woman gets out in the daytime ! And I'll tell you why — privately — I've seen her ! I can see her out of every one of my windows ! It is the same woman, I know, for she is always creeping, and most women do not creep by daylight. I see her in that long shaded lane, creeping up and down. I see her in those dark grape arbors, creeping all around the garden. I see her on that long road under the trees, creeping along, and when a car riage comes she hides under the black berry vines. I don't blame her a bit. It must be very humiliating to be caught creeping by daylight ! 44 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER I always lock the door when I creep by daylight. I can't do it at night, for I know John would suspect some thing at once. And John is so queer, now, that I don't want to irritate him. I wish he would take another room ! Besides, I don't want anybody to get that woman out at night but myself. I often wonder if I could see her out of all the windows at once. But, turn as fast as I can, I can only see out of one at one time. And though I always see her she may be able to creep faster than I can turn! I have watched her sometimes away off in the open country, creeping as fast as a cloud shadow in a high wind. 45 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER If only that top pattern could be gotten off from the under one! I mean to try it, little by little. I have found out another funny thing, but I shan't tell it this time! It does not do to trust people too much. There are only two more days to get this paper off, and I believe John is beginning to notice. I don't like the look in his eyes. And I heard him ask Jennie a lot of professional questions about me. She had a very good report to give. She said I slept a good deal in the daytime. John knows I don't sleep very well at night, for all I'm so quiet ! He asked me all sorts of questions, 46 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER too, and pretended to be very loving and kind. As if I couldn't see through him ! Still, I don't wonder he acts so, sleeping under this paper for three months. It only interests me, but I feel sure John and Jennie are secretly affected by it. 47 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER Hurrah ! This is the last day, but it is enough. John is to stay in town over night, and won't be out until this evening. Jennie wanted to sleep with me — the sly thing ! but I told her I should undoubtedly rest better for a night all alone. That was clever, for really I wasn't alone a bit ! As soon as it was moon light, and that poor thing began to crawl and shake the pattern, I got up and ran to help her. I pulled and she shook, I shook and she pulled, and before morning we had peeled off yards of that paper. A strip about as high as my head and half around the room. And then when the sun came and 48 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER that awful pattern began to laugh at me I declared I would finish it to day ! We go away to-morrow, and they are moving all my furniture down again to leave things as they were before. Jennie looked at the wall in amaze ment, but I told her merrily that I did it out of pure spite at the vicious thing. She laughed and said she wouldn't mind doing it herself, but I must not get tired. How she betrayed herself that time ! But I am here, and no person touches this paper but me — not alive! She tried to get me out of the room — it was too patent ! But I said it was so quiet and empty and clean now that 49 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER I believed I would lie down again and sleep all I could ; and not to wake me even for dinner — I would call when I woke. So now she is gone, and the servants are gone, and the things are gone, and there is nothing left but that great bed stead nailed down, with the canvas mattress we found on it. We shall sleep downstairs to-night, and take the boat home to-morrow. I quite enjoy the room, now it is bare again. How those children did tear about here ! This bedstead is fairly gnawed! But I must get to work. I have locked the door and thrown the key down into the front path. 5° THE YELLOW WALL PAPER I don't want to go out, and I don't want to have anybody come in, till John comes. I want to astonish him. I've got a rope up here that even Jennie did not find. If that woman does get out, and tries to get away, I can tie her! But I forgot I could not reach far without anything to stand on 1 This bed will not move! I tried to lift and push it until I was lame, and then I got so angry I bit off a little piece at one corner — but it hurt my teeth. Then I peeled off all the paper I could reach standing on the floor. It sticks horribly and the pattern just en joys it ! All those strangled heads 51 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER and bulbous eyes and waddling fungus growths just shriek with derision! I am getting angry enough to do some thing desperate. To jump out of the window would be admirable exercise, but the bars are too strong even to try. Besides, I wouldn't do it. not. Of course I know well enough that a step like that is improper and might be mis construed. I don't like to look out of the win dows even — there are so many of those creeping women, and they creep so fast. I wonder if they all come out of that wall paper, as I did? But I am securely fastened now by my well-hidden rope — you don't get me out in the road there! 52 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER I suppose I shall have to get back behind the pattern when it comes night, and that is hard ! It is so pleasant to be out in this great room and creep around as I please! I don't want to go outside. I won't, even if Jennie asks me to. For outside you have to creep on the ground, and everything is green instead of yellow. But here I can creep smoothly on the floor, and my shoulder just fits in that long smooch around the wall, so I can not lose my way. Why, there's John at the door ! It is no use, young man, you can't open it! How he does call and pound! 53 THE YELLOW WALL PAPER Now he's crying for an axe. It would be a shame to break down that beautiful door ! "John, dear!" said I in the gentlest voice, "the key is down by the front steps, under a plantain leaf!" That silenced him for a few mo ments. Then he said — very quietly indeed, "Open the door, my darling! " " I can't," said I. by the front " The key is down door, under a plantain leaf!" And then I said it again, several times, very gently and slowly, and said it so often that he had to go and see, and he got it, of course, and came in. He stopped short by the door. "What is the matter?" 54 he cried. THE YELLOW WALL PAPER " For God's sake, what are you do ing?" I kept on creeping just the same, but I looked at him over my shoulder. " I've got out at last," said I, " in spite of you and Jane! And I've pulled off most of the paper, so you can't put me back ! " Now why should that man have fainted? But he did, and right across my path by the wall, so that I had to creep over him every time! 55 elTow j&per tmmmM Ch&rloftePerkins Stetson vfc LITERARY ANALYSIS: PROCESS GUIDE If you are someone who loves to follow detailed guidelines when you write, then have the structural outline in front of you as you draft each piece of the essay, and try to follow the outline as you write. If that kind of detail gives you writers block, set aside the structural outline when you do your first draft; then, once you have all your thoughts on paper in a first draft, pull out the template, and revise your first draft to make it follow the structural outline as closely as you can. 1. Revise the Gilman thesis you wrote last week, responding to any feedback your instructor has given you. 2. (Gather support quotations for each body paragraph, being guided by any feedback your instructor may have given you on the quotations you gathered last week and making sure you have at least one quotation to prove each theme that you plan to prove in each body paragraph. You may need to reread the story, or you may be able to find what you need using a searchable online text such as this one: www.gutenberg.org.) 3. Draft a topic sentence for your first body paragraph 4. (Arrange support quotations for first body paragraph in ideal order—often following the order of any lists in your topic sentence or starting with any quotations that represent initial causes and ending with those that represent final effects is a helpful organizational approach.) 5. Draft first body paragraph 6. Draft Topic sentence for your second body paragraph 7. (Arrange support quotations) 8. Draft second body paragraph 9. Draft General Statement of Evaluation (GSoE) for your Conclusion. (See structural outline for details.) 10. (Gather at least three biblical quotations, using Biblegateway.com which support your General Statement of Evaluation.) 11. (Arrange biblical quotations in logical order, often starting and ending with a strong quotation and burying the weakest in the middle of your paragraph is a good approach.) 12. Draft concluding paragraph 13. Draft introductory paragraph 14. (Arrange four drafted paragraphs in the order described in the Structural Outline document.) 15. Use the Structural Outline document as a self-guide and carefully check to see that your draft is fulfilling each and every part of the Structural Outline. 16. Use all the skills and knowledge you gained from ENG 140 and 141 to carefully revise your paper. 17. Proofread your final draft, preferably proofreading out loud to a family member or friend. LITERARY ANALYSIS: STRUCTURAL OUTLINE 1. Introductory Paragraph: a. Opener: Start with a quotation that has at least one thesis theme in it and which has the same or similar attitude towards that theme as appears in your thesis. Use one of these two websites to search by theme/keyword to find quotation options: BibleGatway.com or Famous-quotations.com. Transitions: Make sure that immediately after your opening quotation you include a transition sentence which uses key words from the quotation to make a clear connection between the opening quote and one or more main thesis themes. (Remember to also grab the kind of APA info that you will need in order to include appropriate parenthetical and references-page documentation in your paper.) b. Plot Summary: Give a very brief (3-5 sentence) version of a plot summary which only focuses on conveying the major actions or events of the story which are directly related to your key thesis themes. This should not sound like an extended character summary, but should focus on actions of the characters which illustrate the main themes of your thesis. c. Thesis: Title (of story) + Author + Method (characterization/symbolism/setting) + Message (Themes + Attitudes towards themes, including final results). 2. First Body Paragraph: a. Topic Sentence: Piece of the topic + attitude you plan to prove in this paragraph + author + method you will use in this paragraph. (Often this will be a good template for starting your topic sentence for the paragraph that focuses on the narrator: Through the characterization of Sykes, Gilman suggests that…[plug in the part of the message from your thesis that you can prove with narrator characterization quotations]. b. First Support Example: 1. Introduce Quotation: 1-sentence or less; no need for plot summary; helpful strategies: identify speaker or writer of passage quoted or locate the quote within the timing of the story (e.g., “Later in the story, ….”). (Do not forget to include transition words so that your reader knows when you are transitioning from your topic sentence into your first example and when you transition from one example to the next. For example or for instance work well when transitioning from a topic sentence into your first example. Words like the following usually work well when transitioning between support examples: moreover, additionally, furthermore, also, later.) 2. Quote: Quote word for word; 1-2 sentences from “The Yellow Wallpaper” which explicitly prove one or more themes from your topic sentence; document properly using parenthetical APA documentation which would require (name of author, original date of publication, p. [page number]) the first time you quote from Gilman. Thereafter, you can just use page numbers. (Use the book chapter model in the IWU APA Guide for your reference page entry, starting with Gilman’s name, followed by the original date of publication which you can find on the final page of the story, followed by information on the textbook in which the story is anthologized.) 3. Application: This is an extremely important step. Include it for every quotation! Explain in a single sentence (or two at most) how you see the quotation proving one or more thesis themes. (It is almost impossible to do this effectively unless you find a way to creatively include both the key thesis theme(s) being proven and the words or phrases from the quotation that most directly proves that theme(s).) c. Second Support Example: (same template as first) d. Third Support Example: (same template as first) e. Fourth Support Example (same template as first; you may not need four or more quotations if you successfully can prove all main thesis ideas in your topic sentence with just three). f. Concluding Summary Sentence: This should essentially be a restatement of your topic sentence adding in very brief AND specific reminders of HOW you proved your topic sentence in each support example from that paragraph. (These reminders are often best accomplished by using a key word from each quotation.) 3. Second Body Paragraph: (same template as first body paragraph; however, you will focus exclusively either on a second character or on some literary device other than characterization in this paragraph) 4. Concluding Paragraph: a. Thesis Restatement: Exact same content as original thesis, but expressed in different words and syntax (or phrasing), making sure you do not change the causeeffect relationships in your original thesis in the process of restating). This should only take one sentence. b. General Statement of Evaluation: In a single sentence, explain which part of the thesis topic and attitude you will evaluate and whether or not you think the bible basically agrees or disagrees with that part of Gilman's message. This sentence essentially serves as a topic sentence for the rest of this paragraph, taking a position on what you intend to prove with the quotations that will follow. (For example, if your thesis suggests that Delia’s prayers are one of the causes of the positive things that happen to her at the end of the story, you could use a General Statement of Evaluation like this: Scripture would seem to agree with Gilman that prayer should be practiced because it can be beneficial.) c. Support for General Statement: a. Support Example One: 1. Introduce Quotation: Use a single sentence to introduce your first biblical support quotation, identifying the speaker or writer of the scripture you are about to quote. (Do not forget to include transition words so that your reader knows when you are transitioning from your general statement into your first example and when you transition from one example to the next.) 2. Quote: Quote word for word one or two sentences from the Bible which contain the same topic and attitude you promised to prove in your general statement of evaluation. • Finding Scriptures: use a website like this to search for appropriate support scriptures: www.biblegateway.com. • Example: If you were using the sample general statement given above, you could look for any combination of three biblical verses which 1) explicitly encourage the reader to pray or even better 2) explicitly state that prayer has some kind of positive results. • Documentation: APA asks for book, chapter, and verse as well as the translation you are using in parenthetical documentation, like this (Proverbs 12:1, New International Version). When using APA, the bible is one of the very few sources which you do NOT have to include on your References page. 3. Application: This is an extremely important step. Include it for every quotation! Explain in a single sentence (or two at most) how you see the quotation supporting your general statement of evaluation. To be convincing, this application must include all of the following: • Key words from the biblical quotation. • The theme you are trying to prove from your general statement. • A direct comparison to something that you proved in your body about Gilman’s story that parallels what the scripture is saying (in order to prove, in the example we have been using, that Gilman’s message actually agrees with this scripture). b. Support Example Two: (use same three-part template) c. Support Example Three: (use same three-part template) d. Clincher: A creative restatement of your General Statement of Evaluation. (If you can make it work, try returning to your opening quotation from the beginning of the essay or one of your biblical quotations from your concluding paragraph and creatively revising it, weaving in key thesis terms as you can.)* *Example of Clincher: Suppose the following had been key pieces of the “Yellow Wall-paper” essay you wrote in Workshop 3. Thesis: In the “Yellow Wall-paper,” Gilman use characterization to suggest that when a faithless husband isolates and imprisons his depressed wife, her only hope of escape is a shockingly insane form of freedom. General Statement of Evaluation: Scripture would seem to agree with Gilman that the absence of faith is destructive, implying that the presence of faith could be beneficial. Support Quotation for General Statement of Evaluation: “But when [Peter] saw the wind boisterous, he was afraid; and beginning to sink, he cried, saying, Lord, save me. And immediately Jesus stretched forth his hand, and caught him, and said unto him, O thou of little faith, wherefore didst thou doubt?” (Matthew 14:30-31). One option for your clincher would be a creative revision of this scripture in a manner something like this: Clincher: Had Gilman been using the biblical language of Matthew, she might have summarized her story in this manner: “When John, he of little faith, saw his wife depressed, he was isolating and confining; and she began to sink into insanity, crying out, ‘I have saved myself from the wallpaper at last, and you can’t put me back in.’ And immediately he stretched forth on the floor and fainted.” Notice how the green font and yellow highlighting illustrate the weaving together of the phrasing of the quotation and the key thesis themes. Note also that “you can’t put me back in” is in green because it illustrates the “freedom” aspect of the thesis. Also, “he…fainted” is in green font because it illustrates the “shocking” part of the thesis.
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Explanation & Answer

Attached.

Running Head: THE YELLOW WALLPAPER

The yellow wallpaper
Student’s Name
Institutional Affiliation
Date

1

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THE YELLOW WALLPAPER
Introduction

The yellow wallpaper by Charlotte Perkins Gilman's is a story told from the woman seen
to be crazy. The husband of the woman is John seen to be the physician, and the whole story
comes out as a journal which illustrates the lives of mentally ill women. The story is written in a
first-person view and seems like diary notes which were created in the 19th century. The yellow
paper story has embraced several literature devices to give a clear illustrates of struggles
experienced by the crazy women in the era of the writer which is successfully ...


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Awesome! Perfect study aid.

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