Communism originated from the Greek ideology of early age where there was the concept of communalizing property and there was no private ownership of property. It began with Plato who in his republic encouraged the society to own the property communally. It is associated with Karal Marx. After some time the idea of communism was revived by Neoplatonist and it was also strong in some Christian communities. Fascism arose after World War 1 in Germany and Italy when Mussolini and other people came together to support the war against Germany.
Some of the accomplishments of fascism in Italian societies include decreased rates of unemployment. There was also more land put into use through corn cultivation. Among the failures of fascism is that industries did not grow with the expected rate because of the money put in colonialism. On the other hand, communism accomplished helping Russia to beat hunger because people were even dying. Communism failures include the execution of many people and denial of their rights.
The fact that World War I was a revolution that made changes in the society and nature of war made people support this kind of governments. Citizens became involved in the military. This resulted in a state that was so powerful that mobilized so many people. The state promoted economic production and had the authority to intervene in the citizen’s lives. The war resulted in the rise of a powerful state capable of mobilizing millions of people to serve it.
Allardyce, G. (2017). What Fascism is not: Thoughts on the Deflation of a Concept. In Fascism (pp. 35-56). Routledge.
Brower, D. R., & Sanders, T. (2014). The world in the twentieth century: From empires to nations. Boston, MA: Pearson.