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Emphysema is a long-term, progressive disease of the lungs that primarily causes shortness of breath as a result of over-inflation of the alveoli (air sacs in the lungs). CAUSES Cigarette smoking in the most dangerous behavior thatpeople to develop this disease deficiency of alpha-1-antitrypsin enzyme air pollution air way reactivity heredity male sex and age symptoms shortness of breath is the most common symptom of emphysema. cough, sometimes caused by production of mucus wheezing can also be a symptom of the disease Emphysema usually develops slowly that you may not have any acute episodes of shortness of breath. slow deterioration is the rule and it may go unnoticed. This is especially the case if you are a smoker or have other medical problems that limit your ability to exercise.
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