1. Sacred texts (like the Bible) are completely useless as sources of historical documentation. 2. The Zhou dynasty took over from the Shang dynasty because the Shang emperors lost the Mandate of Heaven. 3. Without farming and agricultural technology, Empires could not exist.
Class book: Peter von Severs, Charles A. Desnoyers, and George B. Stow, eds. Patterns of World History, Vol.
1(Second edition). New York: Oxford University Press, 2015.