Questions on Psychology and Philosophy

Sep 22nd, 2015
KateS
Category:
Psychology
Price: $15 USD

Question description

Questions on Psychology and Philosophy 

It looks longer than it is

Psychology Part 1, 2 Questions total

Psychology Part 2, Only 1 Questions

Philosophy 1 Questions 

________________________________

Psychology Part 1 Essay Questions 

1. Please answer A or B

A. Explain how a specific phobia could be acquired through classical conditioning. Be sure to identify the unconditioned stimulus, unconditioned response, conditioned stimulus, and conditioned response in your example. Also, using classical conditioning, indicate how the phobia could be eliminated.

or

B.Define and then provide specific, every day examples (for instance, from child-rearing or from training a pet) of the following operant-conditioning phenomena:  positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, and punishment.


2. Imagine that you were involved in a legal case in which an eyewitness claimed that he had seen a person commit a crime.

Based on your knowledge about memory and cognition from your textbook, discuss some of the problems of 

eye-witness accounts.

_________________________________

Psychology Part 2 choose 1 or 2 or you can also answer both questions


1)  Operant Conditioning (or The Well-Behaved Pet)

 First, review the following website on operant conditioning. http://www.edpsycinteractive.org/topics/behavior/operant.html

Go to your e-Reading chapt 7 on "Learning"  (section 2) and review this material. http://www.saylor.org/site/textbooks/Introduction%20to%20Psychology.pdf 

Knowing what we know about operant conditioning we should have perfectly behaved children and pets. Why don't we? Think about this question. It might be a question you see again sometime =-)
Let's just think about how we might use operant conditioning.  Then start thinking about your pet.

Now, if you don't have a pet, you could use a friend, your spouse or another family member (if you have their best interests in mind!).  Really, the point is, that you try to use operant conditioning in some way to change behavior in some minor way.
Here is the activity for you:

The well-behaved pet

If you have a pet, you can use operant conditioning to teach your animal something you'd like it to do. Choose something simple. One student we know taught her cat to willingly enter the garage for the night by feeding the animal a special treat there each evening at the same time. Soon the cat was "asking" to get into the garage at bedtime! Another student taught her pastured horse to come to her and submit willingly to the halter by rewarding the animal's occasional approach with a carrot. Soon the horse was approaching regularly and could be put on an intermittent schedule of reinforcement. Be creative, and see whether you can make your pet better behaved or more cooperative in some way.

If you don't want to use a pet, or friend or family member, tell us of an experience you have had in which operant conditioning was used. Look over the e-Reading in the chapter on "Learning" section 2 to get some ideas. Try to use some of the ideas and terms in your comments.

 Now answer the following.....

 First define positive and negative reinforcement. Provide an example from everyday life of positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, positive punishment, and negative punishment.  According to Skinner and others, does punishment work?  Your thoughts, Dr. L.


2)  Analyze a Childhood Memory 

 The entire e-Reading chapter 8 on "Memory"  will help with this assignment, however, focus on Accuracy and Inaccuracy in Memory and Cognition (Section 3). 

http://www.saylor.org/site/textbooks/Introduction%20to%20Psychology.pdf 

Next do this exercise.

Write down as much as you can about an incident in your childhood that stands out in your memory. Now ask a friend or family member who was present at the time to write a description of the same event [or you can call and ask them about it on the phone, unless you use email to correspond with your friends/family]. Do your accounts differ? If so, why? What does this exercise tell you about the nature of memory—and about your own personality or present concerns?

Tie your findings into the readings mentioning important terms and concepts that reflect the accuracy or inaccuracy of our memories.

___________________________________________

Philosophy Question

This week, we examine the work of two important philosophers from the United Kingdom: David Hume and George Berkeley. Hume insisted that al that can be known comes to us through our senses. 

When discussing Hume, be sure to comment on Hume's meaning when he says that we have no grounds for claiming that we know the existence of such things as our souls or God. Berkeley seems to assert that we can have no knowledge of what lies outside of our minds. Berkeley is subtle, but not psychotic. Do your best to get at the core of his argument concerning the nature of knowledge.

you can use this material:

https://youtu.be/BQ2qjVkMj6s

Tutor Answer

(Top Tutor) Daniel C.
(997)
School: Purdue University
PREMIUM TUTOR

Studypool has helped 1,244,100 students

8 Reviews


Summary
Quality
Communication
On Time
Value
Five Star Tutor
Dec 1st, 2016
" Outstanding Job!!!! "
SjSurvivor143
Nov 15th, 2016
" Thanks for the help. "
Joemoe
Nov 2nd, 2016
" <3 it, thanks for saving me time. "
tinytim47
Oct 24th, 2016
" Wow this is really good.... didn't expect it. Sweet!!!! "
pmallory
Oct 19th, 2016
" Totally impressed with results!! :-) "
mixedballz
Oct 10th, 2016
" excellent work as always thanks for the help "
kiln82
Sep 27th, 2016
" awesome work thanks "
darnay
Sep 18th, 2016
" The best tutor out there!!!! "
Ask your homework questions. Receive quality answers!

Type your question here (or upload an image)

1820 tutors are online

Brown University





1271 Tutors

California Institute of Technology




2131 Tutors

Carnegie Mellon University




982 Tutors

Columbia University





1256 Tutors

Dartmouth University





2113 Tutors

Emory University





2279 Tutors

Harvard University





599 Tutors

Massachusetts Institute of Technology



2319 Tutors

New York University





1645 Tutors

Notre Dam University





1911 Tutors

Oklahoma University





2122 Tutors

Pennsylvania State University





932 Tutors

Princeton University





1211 Tutors

Stanford University





983 Tutors

University of California





1282 Tutors

Oxford University





123 Tutors

Yale University





2325 Tutors