American form of government and demographic trends questions

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Humanities

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Answer the following questions:

1 . As the population of the New World increased, the town meeting form of government was gradually replaced with an indirect democratic system colonists called a(n)

a. direct democracy.

b. monarchy.

c. oligarchy.

d. republic.

e. democracy.

2 . Which of the following statements best describes recent demographic trends in the United States?

a. Population has grown largely in Midwestern and Mid-Atlantic states.

b. African Americans have consistently composed the second largest minority group.

c. Couples favor having more children than in the mid-twentieth century.

d. The average age of Americans has increased.

e. More than 50 percent of American children today live with only one parent.

3. Which organization functioned as a powerful molder of public opinion against the British?

a. Stamp Act Congress

b. Committees of Correspondence

c. First Continental Congress

d. Second Continental Congress

e. The Boston Massacre

4. In Gibbons v. Ogden, the U.S. Supreme Court

I. articulated an expansive view of congressional powers.

II. gave Robert Fulton the exclusive right to operate steamships on the Hudson River.

III. concluded that commerce should be given a broad definition.

IV. declared that the states had sole authority to regulate commerce.

a. I only

b. II and III

c. I and II

d. III and IV

e. I and III

5 . According to the text, which of the following best exemplifies the cooperative aspects of progressive federalism?

a. Bailing out the failing automobile industry

b. Health care reform

c. Allowing states to set emissions standards

d. Creating of the U.S. Department of Education

e. Reforming Social Security and Medicare

6. When suspects are arrested and read their Miranda rights, the authorities are informing them of their______ Amendment rights.

a. Second

b. Third

c. Fourth

d. Fifth

e. Seventh

7. Which of the following was NOT used as an argument against adding a bill of rights to the Constitution?

a. A constitutional republic is founded upon the idea of popular sovereignty and inalienable rights.

b. Federal guarantees were unnecessary because most state constitutions contained their own bills of rights.

c. The government should not enumerate what it could not do.

d. A national bill of rights would be nearly impossible to enforce.

e. The Constitution already contained protections for individual rights.

8 . What is the correct term for an unscientific survey used to gauge public opinion on a variety of issues and policies?

a. Exit poll

b. Gallup poll

c. Straw poll

d. Tracking poll

e. Internet poll

9. Which of the following is NOT a benefit of stratified sampling?

a. It gives each potential voter or adult approximately the same chance of being selected.

b. It avoids under sampling or oversampling key populations.

c. It is relatively inexpensive.

d. It can be conducted at a polling place on Election Day.

e. It allows for a broad, random sample of participants.

10. Which of the following was true of the Golden Age of political parties?

a. Parties were unstable.

b. There was very little political activity in local communities.

c. Very few candidates ran for office.

d. Party organizations dominated local and state governments.

e. Citizens were dissatisfied with national party organizations.

11. What is the most powerful predictor of congressional call voting?

a. Tenure in office

b. Age

c. Gender

d. Party affiliation

e. Race/ethnicity

12. Which of the following groups of people tend to favor the Republican Party?

a. Catholics

b. Women

c. Young people

d. Cuban Americans

e. Northerners

13. The rise of citizen journalism has

a. improved the accuracy of press coverage.

b. democratized political news.

c. polarized public opinion.

d. decreased citizens’ reliance on technology.

e. become an important part of infotainment.

14. TV and radio are regulated by the federal government because

a. their content may be offensive to some people.

b. TV and radio are considered dangerous to the spirit of democracy.

c. the airwaves are public property.

d. the Constitution allows it specifically.

e. media profits are not legally allowed to exceed certain levels.

15. Which of these forms of media faces the least government regulation?

a. TV

b. Radio

c. Internet

d. Social media

e. Newspapers

16. The process of forming and shaping the list of issues addressed by government is known as

a. agenda setting.

b. media bias.

c. public opinion.

d. socialization.

e. framing.

17. The intentional course of action followed by government in dealing with problems or matters of concern is called

a. policy formulation.

b. social welfare policy.

c. policy administration.

d. public administration.

e. public policy.

18. Domestic policy making in the United States is characterized by

a. a highly centralized process.

b. ideological consensus over policy goals.

c. incrementalism.

d. constant bold initiatives that transform policies.

e. a very large range of issues.

19. Medicaid was designed to provide health care

a. for the aged and ill.

b. for the poor.

c. for the working class.

d. for children.

e. for everyone.

20. Obama’s health care reform focused on

a. decreasing physician costs by socializing the medical profession.

b. government ownership of the pharmaceutical industry.

c. community-based free clinics.

d. affordable health insurance.

e. privatization of all health care.

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Explanation & Answer

Attached.

Answers
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

D-Republic
D-The average age of Americans has increased
B-Committee of correspondence
E-I and II...


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