BUSN 370 Regent Wk 1 Biblical examples in today's legal system discussion

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Business Finance

Regent University


I will need 2 responses to the following 2 discussion board posts. (see attached)

Original prompt from the discussion board - Utilizing your text, the Bible, and outside research, discuss three (3) biblical examples or principles that are reflected in today's legal system and how they are relevant in today's culture. You may also include examples of how our modern legal system does not mirror biblical situations or biblical principles.

Text from the week -

  1. Liuzzo, A. L., & Hughes, R. C. (2019). Essentials of Business Law (10th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw Hill Education.
    1. Chapter 1, Our System of Law;
    2. Chapter 5, Constitutional Law;
    3. Chapter 6, Administrative Law;
    4. Chapter 36, International Business Law; and
  2. Exodus 18:13-26 (Court Structure); Romans 13:1-2, 4-5 (Ordained Authority).

For the 2 responses - In addition, learners post a minimum of two responses to peer initial responses. The peer response should include additional research that expands upon one of key points noted in your peers initial response. The peer reply should be composed in a professional manner with a word count range of 150-350 words.

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Discussion Post #1 (Lori Corbett) One example of a biblical principle we see in today's legal system is that of common law. Liuzzo & Hughes (2019) explained it as "The body of recorded decisions that courts refer to and rely upon when making later legal decisions" (p. 6). The fundamental principles that civilized society is based upon are the laws from the Pentateuch- Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy- written by Moses. Craig A. Stern (2003) further noted that "The Christian doctrine of God is most fundamental to the rule of law in the common law tradition. A chief link between the doctrine of God and the rule of law is the doctrine of man that holds him to be created in God's image. Because of this, he can enjoy a relationship with God that may encompass covenant, that may entail the human administration of God's authority and justice, that may require the exercise of judgment, applying God's law, or any law at all for that matter" (para. 22). A second principle we see in our legal system from the Bible is moral law, which Liuzzo & Hughes (2019) define as "The 'law' concerned with the unenforceable obligations that people have to one another" (p. 9). Christ set the standard of love for all believers to emulate. The Apostle Paul expounded on this when he wrote, "Let no debt remain outstanding, except the continuing debt to love one another, for whoever loves others has fulfilled the law" (Rom. 13:8, New International Version). Mark Greenberg (2014) believed that legal obligations are a certain subset of moral obligations. "Legal institutionslegislatures, courts, administrative agencies- take actions that change our moral obligations. I call this view the Moral Impact Theory because it holds that the law is the moral impact of the relevant actions of legal institutions" (para. 2). A third Biblical principle in effect in America's legal framework is jurisdiction, "The authority of a court, as granted by a constitution or legislative act, to hear and decide cases" (Liuzzo & Hughes, 2019, p. 10). Moses was the first to serve as a judge for the people of Israel. "Whenever they have a dispute, it is brought to me, and I decide between the parties and inform them of God's decrees and instructions" (Ex. 18:16, NIV). Herbert W. Titus (2008) made a wonderful point regarding the concept of civil conduct. "The Bible teaches that the jurisdiction of civil rules is limited to only 'civil conduct', not conduct in general. There are certain relationships that God has created between one human being and another human being that are not governed by force. Not by the civil ruler who wields the sword, but instead governed by- can I say it?- Love" (p. 313). References Greenberg, M. (2014, Mar. 1). The moral impact theory of law. The Yale Law Journal,123(5), 1118- 1625. Retrieved on Mar. 19, 2019, from https://www.yalelawjournal.org/essay/the-moralimpact-theory-of-law. Liuzzo, A. L. & Hughes, R. C. (2019). Essentials of Business Law (10th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill Education. Stern, C. A. (2003, Apr. 26). The common law and the religious foundations of the rule of law. The Philadelphia Society. Retrieved on Mar. 19, 2019, from https://phillysoc.prg/stern-the-commonlaw-and-the-religiousfoundations-of-the-rule-of-law. Titus, H. W. (2008). The Bible and American law. Liberty University Law Review, 2(3), 305328. Retrieved on Mar. 20, 2019, from https://digitalcommons.liberty.edu/cgi?referer=1022&context=lu_law_review. Discussion Post #2 (Clarissa Hodge) Our modern legal system reflects many similarities to the Biblical legal system as received from Jehovah by the Prophet Moses. When Jethro, father-in-law to Moses, observed him solely judging matters for the people, he said “The thing that you do is not good…for this thing is too much for you; you are not able to perform it by yourself” (Exodus 18:17b, 19, New King James Version). He wisely suggested that Moses teach the law to the people, moving the responsibility for obedience, and set a hierarchy of rulers over them freeing Moses to judge the important matters. Similarly, the US legal system has an established a hierarchy within the governing body consisting of three branches: legislative, executive, and judicial. This provides a checks and balances combined with leadership voted in by the people or appointed to oversee the implementation and adherence to the law. Although we may not always agree with the law, we are to be subject to those who are in authority over us. As Hebrews 13:17a states, “have confidence in your leaders and submit to their authority, because they keep watch over you as those who must give an account” (New International Version). “Authority calls upon us to set aside our independent reasonings and defer to its dictates. (Aroney, 2013, p 671) “In our country, the principles and ideals that protect individual liberty and freedom are incorporated in the Constitution of the United States (the federal Constitution)” (Liuzzo/Anthony, 2019, p 5). Many have compared to the Bill of Rights to the Ten Commandments. The commandments were the basic guidelines the Israelites must follow in order to keep the communication lines open between their Creator as well as to maintain healthy relationships with one another. They are still relevant in our lives as “a glue that holds us together” (Osler, 2007, p 695). Conversely, “the essence of the Bill of Rights is that it limits the actions of the government in attempting to impose any code of belief and behavior on the residents of the nation” (Osler, 2007, p 694). One final Biblical example reflected in today’s legal system is the telling the truth. Whether it is as a plaintiff or defendant, one has the responsibility to speak the truth at all times. “Then you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free” (John 8:32, NIV). Although the First Amendment’s freedom of speech clause gives Americans a fundamental right, it does not protect all speech, such defamatory or threats of physical harm.” I find it interesting that “the First Amendment’s guarantee of the free exercise of religion does work to protect the role of the commandments as a foundation of America morality, which ultimately might be more important” (Osler, 2007, p 684). With American’s moral foundation rapidly eroding and good being defined as evil and vice versa, it is very important to hold to and speak truth. Furthermore, it is important to understand the laws governing our country in order obey the law while standing for justice. References: Aroney, N. (2013). Divine law, religious ethics, secular reason. Political Theology, 14(5), 670685. doi:10.1179/1462317X13Z.00000000044 Liuzzo, Anthony L. and Hughes, Ruth C. (2019). Essentials of Business Law, Tenth Edition. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education. Osler, M. (2007). Aseret had'varim in tension: The ten commandments and the bill of rights. Journal of Church and State, 49(4), 683-696. doi:http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.regent.edu:2048/10.1093/jcs/49.4.683
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Discussion Responses



Responses to Discussion Board Posts
Discussion Post 1: Response to Lori Corbett
Hello Corbett, I liked the way you brought your third Biblical principle of jurisdiction
and how it can be directly traced to America's legal framework. In your post, you argued that the
authority of the court, as granted by the Constitution or legislative act, to hear cases (Liuzzo &
Hughes, 2019, p.10) has a lot of similarity with how Moses came to up with a hierarchical
judicial system. In addition to this important observation, it can also be stated that just like in the
time of Moses where disputes with less ...

I was having a hard time with this subject, and this was a great help.


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