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Define and discuss briefly the philosophy, role, and short history of drug courts?
Drug courts are courts which were introduced in the 1980s with the aim of dealing with cases which involved nonviolent law breakers under the influence of drugs (Goldkamp, 2009). The Philosophy of these courts involves intensive supervision of the law breakers, testing them of the drugs and also treating them in order to help them recover. Thus, these courts were introduced as a way of reducing drug and substance abuse. As stated earlier, drugs courts started in the 1980s. This was due to an increase in incarceration rates of offenders who where addicted to drugs. Some of these people did not have any information or record of violence but where deep drug addicts.
Does the state in which you reside utilize drug courts, and if so, how successful have they been in reducing recidivism rates?
The state which I reside in has drug courts. These courts have been very successful in dealing with minor cases involved drugs addicts who in most cases commit crimes without knowing (Jobe, A. L., & University of Nebraska at Omaha, 2007). These courts have thus, reduced cases of recidivism significantly among different addicts.
Would you in turn recommend that all of the states utilize these courts to assist in processing drug cases?
In my opinion, all states should adopt drug courts as a way of assisting in the processing of drug cases. There is no need to waste a lot of funds dealing with recurrent cases of drug addicts yet taking such addicts to a drug court can significantly reduce the rates and offer a more permanent solution (Nolan, 2001).
Goldkamp, J. S., Weiland, D., Crime and Justice Research Institute., State Justice Institute (U.S.), & National Institute of Justice (U.S.). (2009). Assessing the impact of Dade County's felony drug court: Final report. Philadelphia, PA: Crime and Justice Research Institute.
Jobe, A. L., & University of Nebraska at Omaha. (2007). The Douglas County Adult Drug Court: Using recidivism rates as an indicator of long-term effectiveness. M.A. University of Nabraska at Omaha.
Nolan, J. L. (2001). Reinventing justice: The American drug court movement. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press.
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