92.Follow the instruction to rewrite 8 pages essay based on the feedback given by instructor

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Follow the instruction to rewrite 8 pages essay based on the feedback given by instructor

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Your research paper should be between 8-10 pages, double-spaced and formatted in MLA style. It should include a cover page and a works cited page, which are not counted as part of the length requirements. (stick with the topic of GMO's as you have done the annotated bibliography on that topic) The beginning: Your research paper should be organized around a central thesis. This thesis should be based on the research question that has focused your search efforts thus far in the class. The first paragraph should set the stage, introducing your thesis and preparing the readers for what's to come. You should then consider providing an overview of the situation. Depending on your project, this could take multiple forms. You might choose to briefly review the resources that you have found on the topic (similar to the review of sources you completed for the proposal). You might choose to discuss historical views on your subject as a way of setting the stage for more recent information. If you used field research, you might start with facts from your secondary research before launching into the results of your field research. Regardless of the approach you take, the goal remains the same—to integrate your reader by providing a thumbnail sketch of the scenario behind your research. Review two good English student research paper introductions,which were created for a similar class, at this link. PDF The middle: The middle portion of your paper can take a variety of approaches, depend ing on your goal. “Organize” at the Writing Commons covers a variety of organizational strategies you may use in your paper. You could study an issue in terms of causes and effects. You might choose to compare and contrast different sides of an issue. Or, you may use deductive reasoning to craft an argument. Either way, you will want to ensure that you cover all of the intrinsic points relating to your thesis. You will want to avoid fallacies and analyze in a fair, well-supported manner. Your sources should serve to back up your ideas; they should not be the primary focus of the paper. Please note: Around 70 percent of the paper should be your own analysis/reflection o n the issue, while around 30 percent should be cited material. The cited material supports and adds value to the paper. It should not be the majority of the paper. Review this Organizing Your Argument Presentation for additional helpful tips for organizing the body of your paper. The end: Always make sure to finish with a good conclusion. • A good conclusion helps readers know what they have learned. • The purpose of a good conclusion in a research paper is not to persuade the reader, but to add to the overall effectiveness of your argument. • When writing a conclusion, it's not necessary to rewrite your thesis. Instead, refer to it briefly and remind readers of the main points. • Avoid sounding preachy in your conclusion. Instead, simply remind readers of main points and end with something that will leave a lasting impression such as a provocative quotation, a vivid image, a call to action or a warning. ENG108: Research Paper Guidelines Your research paper should be 8-10 pages, double-spaced, and formatted in MLA style. It should include a cover page and a Works Cited page, which are not counted as part of the length requirements. The beginning: Your research paper should be organized around a central thesis. This thesis should be based on the research question that has focused your search efforts thus far in the class. The first paragraph should set the stage, introducing your thesis and preparing the readers for what’s to come. Two sample introductory paragraphs are below: Example 1 If the average middle-class American were confronted with the possibility of a hazardous chemical plant or toxic waste site being built in the community in which he and his family lived, chances are he probably wouldn’t stand by silently and allow it to happen. This is, however, the situation that many low income and minority communities are faced with each day. Industrial businesses that may pose a threat to the environment are continually being approved for construction in these areas unopposed by residents. Often times these individuals are ignorant to the potential hazards this new business will bring and are not included in the decision making process for site selections. The voice of the minority group needs to be heard to ensure they receive the same equitable treatment offered to others and are not discriminated against when dealing with the matter of racism created by the effects of environmental injustice. Example 2 The pattern of urban sprawl in Arizona may appear at first glance to be a good thing. Despite its convenience and benefits, however, sprawl is unhealthy and unsustainable and has enormous costs. The economic costs are perhaps the most readily measured. Continued expansion forces municipalities to increase the range of their services, costing taxpayers billions. Equally important are the environmental ramifications of reckless growth. Sprawling growth exacerbates traffic congestion, encroaches upon open spaces, and threatens the health of Arizona’s diverse ecosystems. Most elusive, however, are the unforeseen social consequences; higher crime rates in city centers and even increased rates of obesity can be linked to sprawl. To deal with these issues, local and regional governments should encourage positive growth that offers sustainable and diverse choices to Arizona’s communities. You should then consider providing an overview of the situation. Depending on your project, this could take multiple forms. You might choose to briefly review the resources that you have found on the topic (similar to the review of sources you completed for the proposal). You might choose to discuss historical views on your subject as a way of setting the stage for more recent information. If you used field research, you might start with facts from your secondary research before launching into the results of your field research. Regardless of the approach you take, the goal remains the same—to integrate your reader by providing a thumbnail sketch of the scenario behind your research. The middle: The body of your paper can take a variety of approaches, depending on your goal. Chapter 6, section 8.4 of the Flat World Knowledge Handbook covers a variety of organizational strategies you may use in your paper. You could study an issue in terms of causes and effects. You might choose to compare and contrast different sides of an issue. Or, you may use deductive reasoning to craft an argument. Either way, you will want to insure that you cover all of the intrinsic points relating to your thesis. You will want to avoid fallacies and analyze in a fair, well-supported manner. Your sources should serve to back up your ideas; they should not be the primary focus of the paper. The following resource also has helpful tips for organizing the body of your paper: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/693/1. The end: Always make sure to finish with a good conclusion.  A good conclusion helps readers know what they have learned.  The purpose of a good conclusion in a research paper is not to persuade the reader, but to add to the overall effectiveness of your argument.  When writing a conclusion, it’s not necessary to rewrite your thesis. Instead, refer to it briefly and remind readers of the main points.  Avoid sounding preachy in your conclusion. Instead, simply remind readers of main points and end with something that will leave a lasting impression such as a provocative quotation, a vivid image, a call to action or a warning. A sample conclusion paragraph follows: The most important aspect of elephant conservation is the reduction of poaching. The amount of elephants culled or lost due to natural causes is insignificant compared to the detrimental losses due to the massive genocide of poaching. To prevent the further depletion of this majestic species, it will take the efforts of governments at a local, national, and global level to work in conjunction with one another for the preservation and conservation of these creatures. If the steps defined at each level are strictly followed and monitored, further poaching attempts will become extinct, instead of the species. LIU 1 Yicheng Liu ENG108 Annotated Bibliography March 15th, 2018 Harmful Effects of Genetically Modified Organisms Search strategy I found these articles by limiting the google scholar database using Boolean search operators. Correctly, I used the OR operator by searching “effects or “impact” of “genetically modified organisms.” However, the result was broader, and I had to use the AND operator by searching Harmful Effects” and “Genetically Modified Organisms,” and I was able to find the seven articles below. Bakshi, Anita. "Potential adverse health effects of genetically modified crops." Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part B 6.3 (2015): 211-225. According to Anita, a genetically modified organism can be used to eliminate starvation and hunger mostly in developing countries. Critics of the technology argue that GMO products contain toxic since they contain new genes. However, after authors reviewed the various literature, they established that the current the genetically modified organism available in the market are safe and their use is not associated with any health problems. However, the authors still recommend further studies to ascertain the safety of the food consumed by human beings. The article is useful since it provided up to date information on genetic modification because the authors used current information available to critic the proposal from the past opponent of GMO products. Moreover, this article is credible since the authors of the paper are renowned scholars in the field of environmental health, and they have published numerous reports related to LIU 2 the health effect of genetically modified food as such, their experience in genetic studies was critical in ascertaining the validity of the article. Primarily, the information in the report will be essential in identifying the latest discoveries that are not consistent with the research findings. Most importantly, even though the research will primarily refute the use of GMO product, it will be essential to identify some importance of the products to the society. Therefore the article will be instrumental in identifying these positive impacts of GMO products to the society. Therefore this journal will be useful in identifying the advantages of GMO products, and at the same time, it will provide a critic to the argument in the research. Carvalho, Fernando P. "Pesticides, environment, and food safety." Food and Energy Security 6.2 (2017): 48-60. According to Carvalho, the current and future increase in production of food must go along with the production of excellent quality and with few toxic contaminants. Most importantly, Following his investigation, they recommended the research institutes to fill the loopholes in studies to provide adequate information on the possible threats and benefits of genetically engineered organisms. This recommendation was achieved after they synthesized various published information, empirical, peer-reviewed journals concerning the environmental benefits and risk of genetically engineered products. Carvalho is an experienced researcher in the field of biotechnology, and the journal selected original researchers, critical opinions, reviews, in addressing all the essential issues surrounding the use of genetically engineering in agriculture. His experience and expertise have allowed him to identify bias in researches from existing researches and consequently avoid the LIU 3 bias. Hence the article provides an accurate and comprehensive critique and has paid more attention to the effect of the genetically engineered crops to the general public. The authors combined the various scientific literature related to the field of genetically engineered crops to assist the scholar, and the general public develops objective deductions on the importance of using GE in agriculture. The findings in this article will significantly assist my research. This is because it contains numerous concerns that have been raised on the risk and benefits of genetically engineered organisms and the gap that the existence that has made it difficult to validate this concern. Also, the use of this article will assist in saving time because it will be easier to identify which area of the research has limited studies and which aspects have valid and relevant information that will be significant in the study. Chase, L. E. "Considerations for Developing Non-GMO Dairy Rations." (2017). The article examines various scientific studies among institutes of learning and the media confirming the overall safety of GMO crops about human health. Additionally, it presents the various arguments for the researchers who are against the use of genetically modified organisms. Specifically, the article present critics from a Non-GMO project whose primary objective is to inform the public on the health risks GMO crops pose to the environment, the health of human being, and our food system. Mainly, the article established that the GMO the use of GMO products should be stopped since they posse more adverse effect on the public since the economic advantages outweighed their economic disadvantages. Mainly the present article researchers from both the opponent and proponents of the use of GMO products. Most importantly, Chase is an environmental scientist and sociologist, and his arguments from sociologist have assisted in developing valid arguments on the effects of GM crops LIU 4 on the society. As a result, this article contained a collection of studies both form scholars and the media and presented a broader perspective on the effect of GMO. Since the article is a deduction from numerous studies and opinions, this article will be useful in my research since it presents argument form both the critics and opponents on the use of GMO products. More so, it will be relevant in providing evidence-based arguments because the article is unbiased, as it has provided room for both the scholar and media studies. Furthermore, the fascinating part of the article is concluding comparing the sociologist perspectives on the effect of the GMO and peer-reviewed articles. Nicolia, Alessandro, et al. "An overview of the last ten years of genetically engineered crop safety research." Critical reviews in Biotechnology 34.1 (2018): 77-88. According to the article, the technology of producing genetically modified crops is celebrating its thirtieth anniversary, and one of their significant achievement has been to create genetically engineered crops. As a result, the article presented the various arguments and reviewed numerous scientific literature concerned with the safety of the genetically engineered crops for the past decade to generate and classify a list of manageable scientific papers and examine the distribution and composition of this scientific literature. The article presents records of studies that have been conducted since the establishment of genetically engineered crops. Nicolai and Alessandro are established genetic engineers with expertise in expertise in GE crops researchers. Their experience in the field of biotechnology has been critical in this article as it has provided them with knowledge for selecting significant records of scientific literature on Genetically engineered crops and this recorder can be easily managed and classified for in-depth analysis and developing concepts. LIU 5 The article will be useful in my research since there are limited studies that have been conducted on the harmful effect of genetically engineered crops. Therefore, the records presented in this article on the developments that have ensued since the technology of producing genetically modified crops started will be critical in establishing the impact of the technology has made. Scott, Sydney E., Yoel Inbar, and Paul Rozin. "Evidence for absolute moral opposition to genetically modified food in the United States." Perspectives on Psychological Science 11.3 (2016): 315-324. According to Scott, Sydney, Yoel Inbar, and Paul Rozin, the scientific consensus is that genetically modified products are more harmful than traditionally bred products. Moreover, the research was conducted by the respected organization and was later compared with scholarly articles and peer-reviewed journals in support of GMO to establish which argument is valid and what decision continue to use the GMO product or to stop using the use of GMO would benefit lager portion of the society. Following the comparison, the authors concluded that GMO products are more harmful than traditional crops, but they remain useful in combatting food shortages. Most of this research is derived from the projects which are a well-established firm in GMO studies that provided evidenced-based argument on the impact of the GMO products on the environment. The researchers have vast experiences, and as a result, they have provided comprehensive and valid critique, and this makes the article relevant. The information will be relevant useful in the research since it will assist in identifying the various arguments from the researchers and this argument will be critical in formulating new ideas on the effect of GMO or assist in identifying the loopholes in a study that will prompt further research on a given proposal LIU 6 Snow, Allison Ann, et al. "Genetically engineered organisms and the environment: current status and recommendations." Ecological Applications 15.2 (2017): 377-404. According to Snow, Allison Ann, et al., the American ecological society evaluated the ecological impact of the current and future use of genetically modified organism and established that the GMOs have the potential to play a significant role for sustainability in agriculture, Aquaculture, forestry, bioremediation, and environmental management both in industrialized and developing nations. Mainly, the article points out that different from the commercialized crops and animal breeds, in GEOs there is limited experience with release, breeding, and monitoring. The article presents a new dimension on the GMO debate by outlining the possible environmental threat the transgenic organism may poss. The authors of the report are environmental scientists, and the evidence-based critique by suggesting there is limited knowledge and prove to ascertain the impact of the transgenic organism to the ecosystem. Therefore, their analysis and deduction when trying to establish the possible threat that of the transgenic organism to the environment is critical. The evidence presented in this report will be helpful since it will assist in making inference on the suspected impacts of the transgenic organism to the ecosystem. Mostly the deductions from the author will be useful in identifying the possible threat that the transgenic organism will have to the environment since there are limited studies that describe their environmental impact. Wolfenbarger, Laressa L., and Paul R. Phifer. "The ecological risks and benefits of genetically engineered plants." Science290.5499 (2017): 2088-2093. The article presented the concerns that have been raised by the sociologists and the scientist concerning the impact the release of the genetically engineered products will cause to the LIU 7 environment and also the emphasis presented by proponents on the benefits of the GGM crops to the environment. These viewpoints by both the sociologist and the scientist are what the authors have investigated to confirm their validity. The primary focus of the article reflects the current emphasis on crops, fish, trees, and microbes. Wolfenbarger, Lar ...
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Harmful Effects of Genetically Modified Organisms
Introduction
Biotechnology covers the entire spectrum of human life; therefore, its commercial
potential is intense. GMOs are organism with an altered genetic material containing a DNA
segment and other materials. A GMO can be a microorganism, an animal or a plant. The first
GMO appeared in 1994, the Flavr Savr tomato. This GMO was achieved by inserting a gene that
delayed ripening as a way of ensuring longer shelf life. Genetically modified organisms are
considered agricultural advancements and are referred to as transgenic products since the
process of achieving a GMO is similar to genetic engineering.
The reasons for genetically modifying an organism depend on a specific benefit it brings
about. GMOs have the ability to increase shelf life, conserve soil and energy, provide some
health benefits, and save organisms from extinction, among others. Some farmers and
scientists believed that GMOs are they key to reducing starvation. Previous articles have even
gone to the extent of acknowledging that GMOs might not have any harmful effects to human
beings (Anita, 219), ignoring the truth of the matter that nothing made artificially lacks some
detrimental effects. Genetic engineering is a process that requires technology. The genes
introduced to a plant, microorganism, or animal can be from any living organism. The genes of
these organisms are forced into the genetic structure of another organism to achieve the
benefits described above.
Is genetic transfer not harmful? The genes being transferred might contain harmful
bacteria, virus, or other characteristics. This study will identify the various harmful effects

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Genetically Modified Organisms, especially animals, people, and crops, have on the health,
biodiversity, economy and the environment.
Discussion: Negative Effects of GMO’s
Brief Overview
Mankind is always interests in living and farming efficiency, which is why farmers have
embraced genetic engineering technology. GMOs have caught the attention of the public
because of their ability to bring genetic makeup changes in a living organism. According to Keith
and Renee, 60 to 70 percent of US food might contain genetically modified foods. The most
common GM foods in the United States are corn and soybeans.
The Food and Drug Administration considers genetically modified food equivalent to
other foods. That means they are not labeled and one might consume with knowing.
Genetically modified crops are also ...

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