Hispanic Migration - Outline
Thesis statement: This paper will discuss the issue of immigration in Dallas and its
economic effect on small businesses, more so, the Hispanic population.
Immigration and the impact of the Hispanic population to Small Businesses in Dallas
A. Income and Spending Power
B. Hispanic-Owned Businesses
C. Local and State Tax Contribution
Running head: HISPANIC MIGRATION
Dallas is a city in the state of Texas in the United States. It is the 9th largest city in the US
and 3rd largest in Texas. The population, currently, stands at approximately 1.3 million. It then
translates to a population density of 3,645 people for every mile. Economically and populationwise, it is one of the fastest growing cities in the US. It is also one of the largest cities in the US
that lacks a navigable link to the sea (Castañeda, Klassen & Smith, 2014). The development of
Dallas can be traced back to the railroad construction which opened the area and making it easy
to engage in trade, more so, cotton, cattle, and oil. Later, it was followed by the construction of
Interstate Highway System. This development made Dallas grow consistently and raising its
status as a transportation hub, mainly, because four of the major highways converged at Dallas
with another one looping the city (Naugler & Conroy, 2018). These transport systems made
Dallas an industrial city and an economic zone. It became an inland port due to its convenience
of being an easily accessible city. It is a city with one of the busiest airports in the world.
Because of its economic prowess and industrial setting, it has been rated a “beta (+)” city. The
success of the city has attracted more people and diversification thus leading to one of the cities
handling the issues of immigration. This paper will discuss the issue of immigration in Dallas
and its economic effect on small businesses, more so, the Hispanic population.
According to the last census done in 2010, it is evident that Dallas is a city with a great
diversity in its composition. The city initially, was predominantly white, but over time, it has
exhibited racial, ethnic and cultural diversity. According to the census, by 2010, the racial
statistics showed that 50.7% were white. The black makes up 25% of the population. Of the
remaining, Native Americans are 0.5%, Asians being 2.9%, 0.1% Pacific Islanders and the
remaining 17.2% constituting other races. 42.4 % of the population represents the Hispanic or
Latino from any race, and the non-Hispanic whites make up 28.8% (United States Census
Bureau, 2019). According to this, it is evident that approximately 25% of the whole population
of Dallas are foreign-born.
The Hispanic population, 36.8% consists of Mexicans, 0.3% Puerto Ricans, 0.2% Cubans
and 4.3% representing the other Hispanic groups and the Latinos. These statistics indicate a
significant shift which in previous decades was an opposite phenomenon. Historically, the nonHispanic whites were 83% percent by 1930 in the white-dominated city which from the above
information has changed dramatically, in fact, the non-Hispanic whites now are less than a third
of the general population of Dallas.
The reason for all these is from the fact that Dallas has been one of the targets for both
legal and illegal immigrants, especially, from Mexico. The various regions of the city exhibit
different statistics, for instance, the southwest area of the city is predominantly Hispanic,
especially, the Oak Cliff. The blacks and Hispanic residents cover the southern and southeastern
regions. These areas in the southern include pleasant Grove and south Dallas. The ...